The Major Themes in the Diary of Anne Frank
This story was originally in Dutch, but was translated into English. This story, ‘The Diary of Anne Frank’ is about how a young girl, Anne Frank, was hiding in the attic from the Nazis during the Holocaust. Anne Frank was one of over one million Jewish children that died during the Holocaust. The Holocaust is simply defined as the systematic destruction of over six million European Jews by the Nazis and their collaborators, before and during World War 2. For the first five years in her life, she has been living with her parents and older sister, Margot. Then by the year 1933 when the Nazis have power, Anne Frank and the rest of her family followed Otto Frank to the Netherlands due to his business connections.
There are a lot of major themes in this story of Anne Frank. One of them is that Anne Frank wrote this diary in her adolescence years, which is an important part in this diary. Being a teenage girl, she will struggle with a lot of teenage problems. This made the Diary of Anne Frank one of the coming-of-age novels. Another major theme is Anne Frank’s identity. In this whole story Anne still can’t discover her real self. She often ask herself what type of person she is. Her coming-of-age themes are very significant to this book. Virtue is also a major theme. Anne’s parents want her to be more like her older sister who is quiet and self-effacing. Her father, Otto Frank, is a person full of principles and sticks to it. War is another major theme. This book took place during World War 2 and the Holocaust was one of the causes that led to this World War. The Holocaust was a war between the Jews and the German Nazis. But as the result turned out, the Nazis have won this war. But later on, the Holocaust has ended after the killing of approximately six million Jews. Duty is the responsibility and loyalty to one’s country, friends, or family. In this book, Anne Frank struggles to be a dutiful child to her parents and tries to get along with everyone. Life in the annex has a lot of little quarrels and many of them have to do with the conflicting feelings of duty towards one another.
The very major theme in Anne Frank’s diary is suffering. Throughout the story there has been a lot of suffering. It was for Anne Frank, her family and friends, and all the Jews being hunted. The Holocaust was a really big time period where the most people suffer. Jews were being killed group by group by the Nazis. They hid in places that no one would want to be, they have to suffer and sacrifice a lot of things. Some have to kill their own babies in order not to be found. Another kind of suffering that happened was that everyone in the annex felt guilty that they left some Jews behind for them to be tortured. But they feared that they would be captured by the Germans. These are some major themes in the diary of Anne Frank.
In the end, which was not included in the part where Anne Frank wrote, she and her older sister, Margot died of typhus in the year 1945. Everyone in the family died except for Anne’s father, who survived the war and was able to find her diary and decided to edit it and publish it to the world. “In memory of Anne Frank, her family, and the people who was killed during the Holocaust.
Anne Frank’s diary
Anne Frank’s diary is widely read. And even those who have never read it probably recognize few quotes from it. The most heard of may be Anne’s observation: “in spite of everything I still believe that people are really good at heart”. Anne Frank is correct, as everyone does have some sense of good in their heart, and that people will do good for something. Anne Frank says “In spite of everything”, and even if there are bad circumstances, people will do good things.
“This morning our vegetable man was picked up for having two Jews in his house”. Page #239 of Anne’s Diary
The vegetable man was a not a Jew, but helped Jews, despite the circumstances. And it relates to Anne’s claim because she says “in spite of everything, and the vegetable man did all that he can to help. He did a good deed from the heart.
Miep Gies also helps people, particularly the people in the Secret Annexe. An she did it despite the circumstances as well. She befriended Anne, and she tried very hard to help the people in the Secret Annexe. “The camps had decent sufficient food (bearing in mind it was war time), they had theaters, swimming pools, football pitches, post offices where inmates could communicate to the outside world, kindergartens, art and music recreation”
“Something had to be done with these destructive anti-social Jews who were strangling Germany”. Thought Hitler. Germany had lost a lot from Jews, and wanted to do something about it. So, he created containment camps to ease it out. And again, Hitler wanted to help his country, which would be considered as a good deed. And in some ways, it was ethical, because according to The Greatest Story Never Told, the camps had many things to make it livable. Considering what Hitler has done, isn’t it odd for him to do something like this? It could only mean that he wasn’t the super ruthless person we know him for. He had a sense of good, and it showed.
Despite the evidence and explanation given so far, some people may still conclude that Anne’s statement is incorrect. They might argue that the Nazi’s killed without conscious. This point of view makes some sense because the Nazis were brutal. This argument and evidence, however, does not prove Anne incorrect because many soldiers were actual good people, but their will bended. And just as Anne saying “in spite of everything” a lot of soldiers helped out and even befriended the people in the concentration camps, and if the soldiers were caught, they would get punished. Saying that all the Nazis killed without any conscious wouldn’t make sense because a lot of the Nazis were really just following orders. Therefore, Anne Frank is correct, as everyone does have some sense of good in their heart, and that people will do good for something. Anne Frank says “In spite of everything”, and even if there are bad circumstances, people will do good things.
The Constant Feeling of Fear in the Diary of Anne Frank
Fear. Defined in the dictionary as “a feeling of agitation and anxiety caused by the presence or imminence of danger,” it is a feeling recognizable to almost everyone. Extreme levels of fear and the other emotions it may give way to are rarely felt by most for significant stretches of time, much less by a girl as young as Anne Frank. Frank, being a typical teenage girl, was incredibly emotional, swaying between multiple thoughts and feelings at an incredible rate. Unfortunately, the circumstance in which she recorded these sentiments where such that they were always overshadowed by her immense fear.
In the first few diary entries written in the Annex, it is clear that, although slightly afraid, Frank does not realize the true level of danger she is in and therefore fills page after page with detailed but mundane descriptions of daily life in the Annex. As Frank matures, however, in that present situation, she begins to empathize with the apprehensiveness felt by the adults and, as a result, the fear begins to increase. On Monday, November 8, 1943 (142) Frank writes “At night in bed I see myself alone in a dungeon, without father and mother. Or I’m roaming the streets, or the Annex is on fire, or they come in the middle of the night to take us away and I crawl under my bed in desperation…” In this entry, as well as many others, she discusses her constant fears of being caught by the Germans while hiding in the secret annex with her family. This entry is especially powerful because it sheds light on the fact that, in such small cramped conditions, there is little to do but let your mind wander. When put in a situation where you can not talk or laugh too loudly for fear of capture, all that one is left with is his or her thoughts and for a young girl, this can cause immense fright. As she points out on this same page of her diary, everything she says or does leads her back to thoughts of fear. She claims that the reason she is depressed at this point stems from her “cowardice which confronts (her) at every turn” (142).
This constant fear is exacerbated by the fact that the office in which the Annex is located continuously falls victim to random break-ins. As Frank points out, the break-ins are particularly terrifying for them because it could lead to their discovery and ultimately their capture. This apprehension resonates throughout Anne’s days and nights in the Annex and regardless of the other events of the attic, whether exciting or upsetting, the dread of discovery never leaves her mind and she mentions it in little tidbits throughout the journal. For example, on May 26, 1944 (303), she writes about how nerve racking just going downstairs to use the bathroom can be. After all the previous burglaries, both in the office and throughout the neighborhood, the chance of someone else being in the building is always plausible. As she explains, she “always feel(s) safer upstairs than in that huge, silent house” and when she’s “alone with those mysterious muffled sounds from upstairs and the honking of horns in the street” she has to snap out of her day dream and remind herself where she is and hurry back upstairs to “keep from getting the shivers” (303).
A month earlier, on April 11, 1944 (249), the members of the Annex received the greatest scare they ever had during their stay in the Annex. Trying to scare away burglars prowling downstairs, Mr. van Daan yelled “Police!” but managed to also draw attention to themselves. When police came to search the warehouse and the office Frank and the others had to stay completely still and without uttering a single sound. At this point Frank’s mind begins to fill with visions of Nazi sympathizers reporting their hiding place and of the Gestapo coming to the Annex and taking them away to their execution. Frank writes “That night I really thought I was going to die. I waited for the police and I was ready for death, like a soldier on a battlefield” (259).
Frank distracts herself from her fears by attempting to occupy her mind in other ways. However, every time so much as a doorbell or knock to the door is heard, fear permeates through the Annex, and it shows in the tone of her diary. She consistently describes exact conversations occurring between those in the Annex and writes in great detail about the habits and behaviors of each member of the household. By talking about every facet of her life in the Annex, Frank is clearly trying to create some sort of comforting routine which will take her mind off the constant nervousness and terror that surrounds her in the Annex and outside, in Hitler’s realm. The relative security created by her diary allows Anne to escape the harsh realities that terrorize her every time she allows her mind to wander.
Furthermore, Frank is confronted by many types of fear. The fear that is most obvious is the immediate fears she describes in her diary. This fear, which is of being caught by the Nazis, stems from a fear of suffering. Between listening to the radio for news about the war and the stories told to the members of the Annex by Jan and the other office workers, Frank is constantly bombarded by tales of the horrors going on outside the Annex. These stories of other Jews in hiding being found and dragged away, and the torments inflicted upon them, as well as those who helped hide them, cause her to be in an almost constant state of paranoia, jumping at the sound of every unfamiliar knock. Many times, she describes air raids so loud and in such seemingly close proximity that cause her to be too scared to sleep alone in her own bed. On July 26, 1943 she recounts a day which was full of air raids, explosions, and bombs and claims that she was shaking the whole day, clutching an “escape bag.” On this day she realized the situation was like a double edged sword; if they got caught in an air raid, the office building could be bombed but if they ran outside, they would surely be captured and taken away. Although she does not say so directly, Frank fears that the result of being captured would be a torturous stay in a concentration camp. As she says on November 19, 1942 (67), she “gets frightened (herself) when she think(s) of close friends who are now at the mercy of the cruelest monsters ever to stalk the earth.”
Moreover, Frank claims that death is not something that concerns her too much. As a child living in that situation, Frank needs to be able to feel brave, as if she overcame something so she takes the one fear that is the most intangible and pushes it as far from her mind as possible. This fear is death. Surely Frank is afraid of being caught and dying in a concentration camp but this is only because of the stories she has heard from the adults around her. In a child’s mind, death is not a feasible occurrence and she can therefore allow herself to believe that she does not fear it.
At night Frank dreams of past friends and acquaintances that are being captured and herded to the concentration camps to face their certain death. In many an entry Frank describes dreams in which she conjures up her past and it begins to haunt her. After a year of hearing horrid descriptions of the tortures being inflicted on the Jewish people who were not quite as lucky as she to have found a place to hide, Frank begins to feel an enormous guilt for having seemingly escaped. On November 27, 1943 (147) Frank recounts a dream she had the night before about Hanneli, one of her childhood companions who, that same year, was sent to a concentration camp. In her dream Hanneli appears sickly, dressed in nothing but dirty rags and she cries “Oh, Anne, why have you deserted me? Help me, help me, rescue me from this hell!” This dream stems from the steady news of friends being lost to the Nazis. Frank is terrified of being caught and feels terrible that she can not do anything to rescue her friends. Subconsciously she also fears being held responsible for surviving and, in a sense, deserting her people when they were most in need of help.
Spending her teen years hiding in the Annex, in a constant state of dread, shaped the development of Anne Frank and it is observable in the progression of her diary entries. When she began to write, Frank was a naïve and innocent young girl who did not truly grasp the horrors of the Holocaust. Although she did know what was going on, capture and death were both abstract notions that do not become tangible until much later in her writing. As life in the Annex progresses, Frank describes in great length, not only the day by day occurrences of the household, but also the various feelings and emotions she goes through, all of which are overshadowed by fear. Knowing that surrounding areas are growing increasingly Anti-Semitic and hearing the news describing various tortures being brought upon Jews only increases Frank’s fear of this anguish continuing even after the war, if she would have survived.
Imressions From Play The Diary of Anne Frank
From a technical aspect, The Diary of Anne Frank was superb. The set design captured the sheer simplicity with which the Franks and van Pelts had to live, all the while adding to the intimacy between the actors and the audience. That no real partitions separated the bedrooms from each other or from the general “common room”—what Mr. Frank termed the dining room—emphasized the utter lack of privacy which Mrs. Frank so keenly observed in the first act. Most obviously, the excerpts from Anne’s diary that were painted on the floor and walls added an artistic element to an otherwise minimalist set. It was also meaningful that the sole entrance to the theater was the bookcase; this contributed to the realism of the show for the audience.
With regards to the content of the show, each of the characters was sufficiently developed. Mr. Frank quickly emerged as the voice of reason within the group. His character foil, Mr. van Daan, exhibited an impulsive, ill-tempered nature throughout the show, particularly in his “quarrel” with his wife in the first act, as well as in his failed attempt to sneak bread in the second act. His equally erratic counterpart, Mrs. van Daan, openly flirts with Mr. Frank because her personality and her husband’s are noticeably discordant. Peter van Daan, though ostensibly irritable, is clandestinely shy, unlike his outspoken father. Margot Frank is reserved, graceful, and remarkably intelligent for her age. Likewise, Mrs. Frank keeps to herself. Most of her dialogue in the play focuses on reprimanding spontaneous Anne and helping her be more mature. Mr. Dussel is the introverted, fretful outcast of the group, owing partly to his late entrance into the Secret Annex, well after a group dynamic was established. Miep Gies is the group’s optimistic connection to the outside world. Her altruism is apparent in her unequivocal dedication to helping the Franks and van Daans despite the obvious threat this poses to her own safety. Mr. Kraler, on the other hand, has some qualms about helping the group, as his worrisome nature suggests. Lastly, Anne is very thoughtful and “dignified” in her own right—contrary to her mother’s beliefs. She is unapologetically honest, particularly in her aversion from her mother. She undergoes perhaps the most drastic change of all the characters between the first and second acts, though she never complains of the dismal circumstances of life in the annex.
It is also important to note that each character had an outlet, a way in which he or she dealt with the pain and discomfort of a marginalized, uncertain life in hiding. Anne, obviously, has her diary. In the second act, she even recounted to Peter that she hoped to make a career out of her writing. We see, therefore, that her diary served as a distraction from the present and offered her a daily glimpse into the more promising future. Mr. Frank explained to Anne, “Now, every time I read my Dickens, it takes me into another world. And, in that world, I am free.” Mrs. Frank keeps her mind off of her present misfortune by repeatedly trying to instill politeness and respect in Anne. She does this with the assumption that, when they are rescued from the annex and from hiding, these skills will serve Anne well. That is, she assumes there will be a future in which Anne will benefit from these lessons. Mrs. Frank lectures Anne significantly more in the first act than in the second act; this might be attributed to her noticeable loss of hope (in the second act) for rescue and the end of the Third Reich. Even without her confession to Miep that she “feels the end will never come”, Mrs. Frank makes it clear that she is very reluctant to believe she and her family will live to see the future and the rest of their lives. Considering this, it follows that she would helplessly give up scolding Anne. Mrs. van Daan had her fur coat as a reminder of the luxurious life that once was. After her husband gave it to Miep to sell, Mrs. van Daan lamented, “Oh, Putti, that was the last thing! A whole world—gone.” Mr. van Daan had his cigarettes, then a mark of living the high life. He also frequently longed for “Berkhof’s cream cakes”, a treat from which “rotten kale and potatoes” were a stark aberration. Margot and Mr. Dussel led private lives, somewhat aloof from the rest of the group, Mr. Dussel even “spending most of [his] life in [the WC]”, which was the only place in the entire Secret Annex where solitude was possible. Peter, somewhat introverted himself, spent a sizeable amount of time in the attic with his cat, Mouschi, as opposed to joining the others downstairs.
The Life of Pi and Anne Frank’s The Diary: Bright Examples Of Journal Writing And Its Role
A Compare and Contrast Essay on Journal Writing and How They Can Help People in Life or Death Situations in the Context of Yann Martel’s The Life of Pi and Anne Frank’s The Diary of Anne Frank
I intend to discuss the significance of journal writing for people in extreme situations. Journals are a way for people to express their feels about something, like an event that happened or an object that they saw. They help people to relieve stress and help them to direct that stress into energy that they can use towards their goals. For Piscine Molitor Patel, or “Pi” as he is called, the journals helped him make sense of the situation that he was in and helped him figure out how to deal with his situation, but not always rationally. For a young girl named Anne Frank, it helped her get over the fear and boredom of hiding in the loft above her father’s old storehouse from the Nazis in Austria. For most people, it is a way to record the everyday process of their lives. I will examine the stories of “The Life of Pi” and “The Diary of Anne Frank” to compare their experiences and explain how they both show that journals can significantly help people in extreme situations.
Unexpected situations happen throughout lives that cause many twist and turns. For Pi, he was dropped into a lifeboat with a hyena, a crippled zebra, an orangutan, and an adult male Bengal Tiger. He is thrust into this position with no training and no way to escape from his predicament, and then he starts to write in a journal. He writes down all of the things that happened to him, and then he gets into the habit of writing things down as he starts to get a normal routine. His journal makes him feel as if he has a handle on things, and gives him some perspective on some of the ideas that float around his head so that he can make the best choice in his situation. When he runs out of ink in the pen that he is using, it dampens his spirits to the point that he stopes fishing and he stops trying to live. Similarly, Anne Frank of Austria was put in a situation that neither her family nor Anne could have prepared for. Anne and her family were Jews. Her parents left Germany in order to save themselves from Hitler’s regime. Mr. Frank owned a store in Poland where he did business. This business had living quarters above the head office, which the Franks and another Jewish family would hide for several months without being found. Anne being very young, needed something to do while she was hiding. She writes in her diary and writes down most of the events that take place during her stay in that room.
Both stories tell of people caught unaware during life-or-death situations, but they differ remarkably. For example, Pi wrote his journal in case he had been eaten by Richard Parker, the resident Bengal tiger on Pi’s boat, or died of starvation and if anyone ever found it, they could figure out what happened to him while he was alive. Unlike Pi, Anne was writing in her diary because she believed that she would go back and look at her diary and remember what she had been through, but Anne Frank died in a Nazi concentration camp with her mother. Pi was able to go back and read his journal and he was able to have his journal written into a book. Anne was younger than Pi and had been born into a wealthy family, whereas Pi was born in poverty. My observation is that Anne Frank was in a situation where she should not have died, and Pi had something happen to him every day which should have killed him. What I mean by this is that Pi had multiple things that were against his survival, while Anne only had one. This shows that Pi’s survival was nothing short of a miracle, and that what happened to Anne was a terrible tragedy. Their differences show that even though they were in extremely different situations, they still took solace in their written records of what happened during a troubling time in each of their lives.
In both of these scenarios, these young people are put into situations that forced them to risk their lives. They may be very different scenarios, but both of them take time to write down what is happening to them. They brave through long months of dangerous activities and near-death experiences by writing in their journals about what they did or wanted to do. It helps them keep from losing their minds completely. Each of these people have pressure on them to give up, and they do not. They persevere through most of the danger they are in because they have something that they can use to relieve their negative emotions. I have examined the stories of The Life of Pi and The Diary of Anne Frank to compare their experiences and explain how they both show that journals significantly help people in extreme situations.
Review Of Diary Of Anne Frank
Why people so angry? After all, we all love something. The life of 13-year-old Anna was completely carefree, but one day everything changed. Her father – respectful Otto Frank – decided to leave Germany with his family and move to Amsterdam. A few months after the relocation of the family, the Netherlands falls under the occupation of the fascists, and all Jews are in danger. Understanding the degree of threat, Otto finds for himself, his wife and two daughters a small shelter located in one of the buildings on the outskirts of Amsterdam. Now they have to huddle in a small room with other Jews, trying not to attract attention. To the younger daughter was not sad, the father gives her a birthday diary, and Anna immediately begins to keep detailed records of what is happening around.
Firstly, this film, for my huge respect, not about war! As a student of IR, I read and watched so many detailed books and movies about WWI and WWII, the authors every time give little place to the people. How? Easy, they do not highlight how many people died, psychologically destroyed, what they felt, thought – this list can be so long. So about a movie, Director Hans Steinbichler focuses mainly on the experiences of Anna herself, so long monologues in the camera, take almost the main place. The outside world remains behind the walls of the shelter. No atrocities or murders, no panic or screams on the street, only the curtains hanging from the windows and the quietly murmuring radio. Trying to occupy her thoughts with anything except her difficult position, Anna finds rest and a real shelterrefuge in her diary. Thoughts about growing up, about the boy Peter, whose family huddled with them, the victims, about the world, suddenly became so unpredictable and scary, about their fears and hopes. . . about their lives, which runs the risk of breaking off at any moment.
Sometimes there moments that illogical: daily life of people does not suit for their conditions, singing hymn after hearing good news, allow themselves to argue and swear loudly, abuse light in the dark. Also from logically perspectives it is tremendously hard to understand Anne. Why is she acting like this? Why she so unfair to her parents, especially to her mother? There we can question her a lot. But sometimes we are not able to see the big picture, if try to understand a girl that want to discover the world, examine feelings that she never met and at the same time thinking about a situation that experiencing the world- we are getting of the point.
My Analysis Of The Diary of Anne Frank
One of the most famous historical books, which is still bought today, is the diary of Anne Frank. It has been translated into over fifty languages and around thirty million copies have been bought! The reason for the diary’s success is it gives our generation a chance to see what it would have been like to live in Nazi Germany in the 1940’s. People of all ages read it in and out of school, as a curricular project, or just an interesting book for their spare time. But who was Anne Frank, and why was her diary so successful?
She was born on the 12th June 1929 in Frankfurt, Germany, and was the second daughter of Otto Frank and Edith Frank-Hollander. She had a sister called Margot, who was three years older than she was, and when she was around four, the Nazis came into power. The Frank family then moved to Holland for safety, as they were all Jewish. Right from the beginning of school, Anne Frank seemed to have a knack for reading and writing. However, it wasn’t long before the Nazis arrived in Holland too, and soon, all Jews had to be labelled, and could only go to Jewish schools. On Anne’s 13th birthday, her father gave her a blank book, which she decided to use as a diary. In July 1942, Jews were beginning to be sent to work camps, and this made the family decide to go into hiding.
They hid along with four other families. A group of friends would occasionally provide essentials like food and water. Anne used the diary the most when she was in hiding, and started each entry with “Liebe Kitty” (Dear Kitty) which is what she named her diary on her thirteenth birthday. However, Anne and her mother were found, and were sent to Auschwitz in 1944, and sadly they both died of typhoid in 1945. The only member of the family that survived was Otto, the father, who went on to publish the book himself in 1947.
My favourite quotation from the diary is:
“I’ve reached the point where I hardly care whether I live or die. The world will keep on turning without me, and I can’t do anything to change events anyway. I’ll just let matters take their course and concentrate on studying and hope that everything will be all right in the end.”
I like this passage very much, as it describes how desperate the Jews were, but this extract also shows how courageous they must have been as well. Just from this quote, I can tell that Anne Frank is a strong and intelligent individual. Also, if only she knew how wrong the quote was in places, as she talks about how insignificant she is in the long run, but is now one of the most famous Jews in the last hundred years.
All in all, her diary is extremely useful for historians, as now we can see what it was like to be a Jew in the Second World War first hand. What I also like about the diary is how it almost feels like Anne Frank is talking to you personally, as she addresses her diary directly. We have many different witness accounts of how much the Jews suffered at the hands of the Nazis, but Anne Frank’s diary provides a unique, powerful perspective on the matter. I believe that this is because Anne Frank was in her teenage years when she wrote the diary, and readers can remember their teenage years, and compare the two.
A Personal Analysis of the Performance of The Diary of Anne Frank
I had the wonderful opportunity to watch the Diary of Anne Frank on the last weekend of its production. This play, I can safely say, was one of the most riveting experiences; from beginning to end, the performance kept the audience and myself on the edge. The title, as many people are familiar with, refers to the diary Anne Frank had written in during the time in which the two families lived in an attic for more than a year. The Diary would later come to serve as a symbol of hope for many Jews, and simultaneously illustrating to many the grave effects of the Holocaust. The play is set in the time of Nazi- Germany occupation and the severe persecution of Jewish families like the Franks. Through the use of scenic units, acting choices, and costume design, this dramatic play communicates the meaning of uncertainty and the human condition/family that the Franks and many Jewish people faced.
Conceivably, the most illustrative aspect of what the play communicated was through the set design. The audience seating was structured in a way that surrounded the stage one hundred-eighty degrees(thrust stage); at the same time, the stage was leveled with the seats, which conveyed a feeling to the audience that they were also “technically in the attic”. It became the most apparent when the play reached tense situations that I, and I’m sure the audience, felt the urge to verbally speak out and voice opinions/thoughts to the characters as if we were also attic residents. There were also no walls in the set design, which showed to the audience what each character would do in his/her alone time. This was particularly important in regards to Anne, who at night “revealed” to the audience just how scared she was and her homesickness. It is also at this point that excerpts in bright lighting from her diary are projected right above Peter’s room and spoken in her voice. This scenic unit provides to the audience a couple of things: she hides her feelings from her family (only at night do these occur), she has feelings for Peter, and lastly it gives viewers a chance to step in her shoes, rather her mind. Her thoughts convey a sense of overpowering fear she has about her family’s predicament. Additionally, there was one object that clearly gave a sense of the collective feelings—the window. The window was far out on the second floor in Peter’s bedroom. The meaning of the window can be interpreted firstly as a symbol of hope, that outside the attic there is still a fulfilling life to live once all the evil has subsided. At the same time, it represents uneasiness because no one knows just how long the occupation will last. It also didn’t appear to be illustrative of sunlight; rather, the light that seeped through was purely white and appeared artificial. If one closely read, one would see that this artificial light alludes to a false sense of hope in that the family, especially Anne cannot accept the fact they might never live a normal life again. Lastly, every time the door, which leads outside, is opened there is nothing but darkness, further emphasizing the unknown that troubles Anne more so than the others. Collectively, the deliberate placement of the audience and the stage as well as its components highlight the uncertainty and anguish Anne and the others dealt with. Overall, providing a detailed image through how most Jewish families and minorities lived at the time.
Aside from scenic units, acting choices influence meaning through the characters themselves. One aspect seen is in the way how quickly Anne speaks her lines; this method is an allusion to represent the uncertainty of how much time the families have to spend with each other. Anne perceives that she has little time to express all that she wants and compensates by speaking as much as she can, as quickly as she can. In addition, all the characters voice their lines loudly and one could decipher that the cause for this is an unconscious a plea for help. They don’t realize but the vocalization is due to thought that maybe no one can hear us, no one will save us. The characters’ gestures, intention, and believability also convey this play’s meaning. Throughout the play, Anne becomes increasingly infatuated with Peter. This along with the humorous tone presents a temporary solution the characters engage in to mitigate the uneasiness. The characters do as much as they can to keep the occupation off their minds, they strive to live a normal life irrespective of the melancholy environment. This is notably seen when the families celebrate Hanukah together and Anne brings a gift for everyone. Anne in particular expresses her kindness and curiosity to all the members in a means to set a good atmosphere. With the gestures and intentions of love, the families try their best to prevent turning on themselves and each other, as this is what the Nazis did to many families alike. The human condition at the time emphasizes the need for a strong-knit family as uncertainty loomed over.
The last production choice that contributes to the meaning of this play is the costume design. The only character to wear bright colors was Anne, and this in turn contributed to her ecstatic and vibrant attitude. This brightness was contrasted with the dull colors the other characters wore. Emphasis was placed on Anne’s mood in that she would not succumb to the bleak atmosphere of the attic. The bright orange sweater she wore translates to a livelihood that was needed to stray from depression. There was one other character that wore distinct clothing to represent meaning. Mr. Frank, throughout the play always wore thick heavy clothing, particularly layered suiting. He had slacks, a coat and an overcoat usually in brown or dark gray. This represented the man in charge, the grounds control, and the regulator who kept everyone stable, if you may. His authoritative standing and eagerness to ease tensions allowed for the smooth flow of dialogue and relationships, a lot of which Anne reflected upon. Lastly, the contrasting colors and Mr. Frank’s actions of mitigation and reasoning helped counter their ill-condition, but did not in fact balance the uncertainty.
Overall, this play represents a vivid visual of the events that took place regarding the two families in the attic as well as convey the feelings other Jewish and minority families felt at that time. It provided an atmosphere that no matter what happens, we’re all in this as a family, as one. Thematically, this play also emphasizes that things don’t always work out as intended; and as history and this play exemplify, many families suffered tremendously as they were separated from one another, killed, or psychologically traumatized. Overall, the production choices of set design/units, costume and acting choices reflect the meaning of uncertainty and the importance of family to overcome the human condition.
The Frank Family
The Frank family can be traced back to the Judengasse (or Jews’ lane) in Frankfurt. This was considered the ghetto of the city. Most Jews who lived in the center of the city had to move there eventually. Living conditions in the Judengasse were cramped and povertous, and governmental (guild) laws prohibited most Jews from practising skilled crafts and trades; making it harder to stay afloat. Through my research, I discovered that the Stern and Cahn families, who are direct descendants of Anne Frank, lived in the Judengasse many years before she did. Anne’s great-great grandfather was a wealthy merchant, and most of her other descendants were historically academics and booksellers.
In 1889, Anne’s father (Otto) was born, and in 1925, Otto married Anne’s mother, Edith. The Franks placed great emphasis on a good education. The children attended music lessons (Otto played the cello), and they learned English, French and Italian as a matter of course. After the sudden death of his father, Otto worked in the family-owned bank with his younger brother Herbert. When the first World War broke out in 1914, the Franks were assimilated and considered themselves to be German, and the sons reported for service voluntarily: Otto became an officer in France. After the first World War, the banking industry was in steady decline and the Frank family lost a lot of money because of it. In 1926, the Franks had their first daughter Margot, and in 1929, Anne was born.
Before the second World War, the financial situation worsened after Germany was forced to pay reparations after losing the first. Also, the social situation for Jews worsened due to heightened feelings of anti-Semitism among the populous. In January of 1933, Hitler was appointed Chancellor of the Reich, and one of his first actions was to boycott the Jewish population in Germany. Government commandos occupied the entrances to Jewish department stores and shops, and prevented access to law firms and medical practices owned by Jewish citizens. The Franks then decided to leave Germany for Amsterdam to seek asylum and start a new.
When the German army attacked the Netherlands in 1940 and then occupied the country, anti-Jewish laws were issued. Jews were increasingly limited in their professional and social life. In 1942, after Margot received a letter to be transported to a German labor camp, Otto decided it was time to go into hiding. This hiding place was prepared by Otto a year earlier in the annex of a business in Amsterdam. The Frank family went into hiding on July 6, 1942. They lived in what came to be known as the secret annex for two years, together with the van Pels family. This is where Anne Frank wrote her diary that later became world famous.
The Franks and their friends were betrayed to the Gestapo in 1944 and then transported to Westerbork. With the very last transport from the Netherlands, which left Westerbork on September 3, 1944, Anne Frank, now fifteen years old, her parents and sister Margot were moved to the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp. Anne and Margot died there in March 1945, from the typhus epidemic. Their mother, Edith Frank, who had remained in Auschwitz, died as well, probably from exhaustion; their father, Otto Frank, was one of the few Jewish prisoners liberated by Soviet troops in 1945.
Story Of Anne And Peter In The Diary of Anne Frank
Have you ever misjudged and disliked an individual only to become close to them after realizing your first judgement was wrong? Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett’s interpretation of The Diary of Anne Frank tells the story of two Jewish families in the Holocaust in Amsterdam. They must hide in a secret annex hidden in a building to evade Nazi persecution. Over their two years spent in the annex, the eight inhabitants experience many challenges such as food shortage and fear of being discovered. This causes much stress for the families. Such issues, along with the annex members being together for every minute of each day for two years, brought some people apart, though it also strengthened many relationships. An example of the second situation is the relationship between Anne Frank, the keeper of the diary, and Peter Van Daan, a seemingly shy and awkward young boy living alongside Anne in the annex. Anne and Peter’s relationship developed from a relationship between two people characterized by taunting and bickering, to a relationship between to dear friends who love each other more than almost anyone else in the world.
As Anne and Peter became familiarized with one another, they were unable to stand each other. In fact, they could hardly be in the same room without one irritating the other. As she is being taunted by Peter, Anne shouts at him, “You are the most intolerable, insufferable boy I’ve ever met…With all the boys in the world…Why I had to get locked up with one like you!” And Peter teases, “Quack quack quack, and from now on stay out of my room!” (30). Anne then trips him as he storms away. This scene shows how Peter and Anne thought they despised each other, and were constantly trying to aggravate one another. They would fight and put each other down so often that they were not able to tolerate one another. Anne used to wish Peter was a girl so she could have someone to confide in. From this time period in their friendship, we should learn to give people a greater chance, more than just a few first impressions, before we treat them the way Anne and Peter treated each other. The children could have been great friends from the start of their stay in the annex if they did so, and therefore they could have had a much less lonely first year and a half in their hiding place.
After several months Anne and Peter begin to have deep conversations and confide in one another. This resulted in them becoming wonderful friends and visiting each other multiple times every day. Anne shows how much she cares for Peter when her mother is threatening to kick the Van Daan family out of the annex after Peter’s father stole food in a time of shortage. Anne exclaims, “No, Peter! No! I don’t care about the food. They can have mine! I don’t want it! Only don’t send them away. It’ll be daylight soon. They’ll be caught…” (108). This shows Anne’s level of care for Peter by her willingness to sacrifice her meals and stand up for him. There is hardly enough food for the annex members to sustain themselves, yet Anne is willing to give all of hers to save Peter. She also fights for and defends him against her infuriated mother. Peter and Anne had become such close friends that they almost began to fall in love. From the developments in their relationship we can learn that many people are different than you imagine after knowing them for a short period of time. Peter began to realize this about Anne towards the end of the play, and they ended up loving one another greatly.
Anne and Peter’s relationship evolved from one consisting of solely taunting and teasing to a relationship of best friends who fight and stand up for each other. As they finally give each other a chance as friends they find that they truly love being around one another. From their relationship we should learn not to judge people’s characters abruptly, for it could possibly ruin a wonderful future friendship. Anne and Peter’s relationship is a symbol of most people in everyday society who do not get to know others before creating a negative image of that person in their minds. These people might have ended up as the closest friends if they were not so quick to judge. We should learn from this relationship development to be more friendly with everyone, for it might cause you to be a much friendlier person, and maybe fill the world with a little less hate.