How Did People Avoid Removal During the Holocaust?
Jewish people Anne Frank and her family Christians or normal citizens helping people hide Mykola and Maria Dyuk helped hide people Renee Roth and her sisters hid in a convent People who were hiding Jewsish `peopls WHAT? (What happened?) During the holocaust the Nazi made it thier goal to wipe out the Jewish race. Many Jews went into hiding to avoid removal, they did not just hide physically but many hid in plain sight as Christians. They hid in cellars, pits, attics, and convents.
If they did not go into hiding many would be deported to concentration camps where they would most likely die of illness, hunger, dehydration, or torture.
While in hiding there was consentent fear of being found but also it was hard because you could not speak, or be loud. You most likely not get a lot of food because the people you are hiding may not have it or there was a huge food shortage. Anne Frank had it of extemely lucky while in hiding because she had her own space while many people lived with there whole family in a 4ft by 4ft atic that is suspetible to weather, WHEN? (When did it take place?) Sep 1, 1941 – May 8, 1945.In the summer of 1943 a secret organization was created to help people in hiding. WHERE? (Where did it take place?) This took place mostly in Europe, in Germany, The Netherlands, France, Poland, and many more places. But it also took place around the world. Many places where people were hiding was in attics, cellars, pits, underground, or under a different religon, WHY? (Why did it happen?) World war two happend because Hitler believd that the Jews should be blamed for Germans politcal instabilty and econmic woes. He gained a larger following making him gain more power and the Nazis tried to wipe the Jews out.
This caused Jewsish people to hide so they would not be killed. HOW? (How did it happen?) There were organzations to help people hide. They hid in cellars,pits, attics, false walls, and other creative hiding places. They also hid under differnt religions so they would not get caught, Finally some people tried to escape Europe and go to the U.S but this rarely worked because of all the security. MESSAGE What do you think is the important message or take away that you want to share after completing your research? I think the main message that I gained after completing my research it that just because somebody has a differnt race/religon than you does not give you the right to take away their freedom or religon. Also, people who hid anybody during the holocasut are true heros because they saved many people lives. 16,000 Jews were not killed in the Netherlands because those wonderful people had the courage to hide them.
Holocaust: Prejudice, Hatred, and Discrimination
I am so excited to share my personal perspective on a topic so closely held to my Jewish Heritage. Growing up as an observant Jew I was taught about so many historical events that go back thousands of years.
Amongst them, the Holocaust resonates in my mind as an event that I feel as a Jew, I need to understand. I continue to go back to 1933 when the onset of the Holocaust in Europe began, and had continued through 1945, taking roughly 8.5 million lives, including roughly 6 million Jewish Lives. The holocaust is thought of only being a tragedy of where people were murdered in concentration camps but the holocaust has more to its story than that. It seems to me to truly understand what the conditions were during the horrific time you need to experience it first hand. That being said, I had traveled back in time to 1933 when I had the privilege of personally getting to know many faces and voices of the holocaust. To set the stage let me share some insight into the state of Chaos of the Holocaust through my readings of Ms. Sally Rogow, an esteemed Professor at the University of British Columbia.
According to Sally Rogow, author of Child Victims in Nazi Germany, In the beginning of the worst thing that many people experienced in their lifetime reality began to change before their eyes. The popular schools, hospitals and institutions were changed from a reputable place to a place of destruction and the unknown. During the first period of change children specifically were isolated for their differences whether they had disabilities, had emotional problems or were orphans and were forced into institutions. Children were given impassable tests in school and when they failed they were considered hopeless cases and were sent away like the other children. The parents who opposed the idea of their child being taken away were threatened to lose guardianship.
Ms. Rogow emphasized the absurd conditions by not leaving out detail. Rogow mentions in her writing when Jewish caregivers were dismissed there was a budget decrease and overcrowding became a large issue, one physician could be responsible for 400 to 500 patients. Also, after the professional nurses were dismissed women Nazis with no experience in child care took their place and did as they were told. Next, children were constantly being moved from institution to institution without parental knowledge or consent. In my opinion, things became most inhumane during this fiasco when children were being used for medical experiments. Special needs children who had mental and physical disabilities were used as lab rats. They had blood and spinal floods drawn and replaced with air so they could take clear x-rays of their brains then they’d inject them with different substance to see the reaction. Later their organs were sold for research after they were killed. In addition, Hitler gave the okay for physicians to kill children so it became a game since they knew they’d get a bonus. After gas chambers were created 3000 to 4000 lives were saved when the physicians gave false reports about the patients by labeling them able to work the people that were labeled fit to work were hidden the days the busses were in transit. Postwar persons involved with killings resumed their jobs like nothing happened.
The first person I met was six-year-old Thomas Buergenthal, he was forced to leave his home and adapt to his new environment Kielce, Poland widely known as a ghetto.
Me: How were you able to survive the trauma and conditions, what happened to those less fortunate?
Thomas: I had convinced the Nazi’s that I was able to work a variety of jobs. For those the less fortunate children were isolated from the rest of us for a period of time and then were taken away to a Jewish Cemetery and killed
After I left Thomas in Poland I allowed myself time to reflect on his experience and balance my emotions. I had immediately begun further research as I continued my journey.
I was very fortunate to meet with Ursula Rosenfeld, a thirteen-year-old Jewish Public School student. I had come to learn that Ursula had first hand knowledge and experiences of Kristallnacht.
Me: Ursula what had happened to create such a level of dissent for Jews in the community, and how to it spread so rapidly?
Ursula: Prior to the Holocaust various denominations of German students had attended public schools cohesively without any animosity. That was until the Nazi’s had infiltrated and influenced local politicians opinions of Jews. This had created considerable hatred, violence and separation of the classes (denominations). Shortly there after, the events have escalated to a period of absolute chaos and desperation. Simply put, those of us who were deemed intelligent and capable had managed to survive.
Me: Can you share your experiences you’ve had with your peers since the turmoil began?
Ursula: Yes, I was verbally assaulted by peers specifically based off of my religion. As fellow peers watched a local synagogue burn one made a comment saying, oh there’s a Jew, let’s throw her on fire as well
My interview with Ursula had me thinking about how did the parents plan for the safety of their children during this time period.
As the intensity of the war picked up many parents made the impulse decision to send their children away to ensure their safety. Two days before Britain entered WWII 10,000 children were moved out of Nazi invaded countries to Britain. Once the children reached their destination of London they were either placed in a sponsor home or at a vacation camp called Dovercourt Bay. Although being in an actual home seems more glamorous and reality friendly at times it could have been a toxic environment. Its been documented by survivors that sometimes relationships were never meshed together or the children were overworked.
The next person I’d like to introduce to you is a survivor who was hidden after her parents made the decision to send her away at nine months old, it’s a pleasure for me to share my interview I had with Aviva Sleslin.
Me: Aviva can you please express the feeling you possess after you’ve realized you survived?
Aviva: I believe we were lucky. Our childhoods were blessed with great rescuers who showed us in humanity there’s still good when there’s a lot of evil, and held courage for us during the unknown and great losses.
I had paused from interviewing and resumed my research. I was sickened to learn that many families were forced to abandon their religious identity and blend with the rest of the community in order to escape the outcome of concentration camps.
By 1939 many people were forced from their homes and moved to in ghettos. Ghettos were designated areas where Jewish people were forced to live. Conditions were terrible it was overcrowded, unsanitary, disease spread fast and many people faced starvation. Ghettos were controlled by most unmerciful private police force, originally formed as security for Hitler, the schutzstaffel. The identities of holocaust prisoners at Auschwitz that were capable to work were stripped away from them when their heads were shaved, they were given rubbish clothes and had a number tattooed on their arm to replace who they were entirely. In addition, they were overworked and starved to the point of where they resembled skeletons. Holocaust survivors saw the light at the end of the tunnel when American troops liberated the camps April 1945 and left by June 1945
American troops were astounded by the conditions the kids were in. The commander of the American troops sent a message to the children’s rescue group asking for help in evacuating the children As result of the trips being upset by the conditions of the children they tried to nourish them as fast and as much as possible. Although it was a nice gesture their bodies couldn’t handle the rich foods and it caused them to be sick and caused some to die. Inevitably after being in the conditions they were in and experiencing scarring events children had a hard time adjusting back to normal life. They had a hard time disassociating adults as enemies and rarely spoke to outsiders. They wanted to get away from where they were. When they wrote about their experience they wrote about the emotions and actions of other peoples over theirs, and similarly all children wrote about lost loved ones.
Once again resuming my interviews the next person I spoke to was Elizabeth Zadek who had a close relationship with children recovering from the holocaust at the Lingfield house located near London.
Me: How would you describe the children’s mentality after they left the concentration camps?
Elizabeth: The children appeared mature and from the bitter experience they lost trustfulness and faith of the child.
While I learned a lot and enjoyed all of the interviews that I was fortunate enough to complete, my last interview will leave me with everlasting memories of the struggles during the Holocaust period. I had the rare opportunity to interview 15-year-old Anne Frank.
Me: Would you mind sharing some background on your experience through the Holocaust?
Anne: During the holocaust my family felt safe at first, we were tucked away in an annex behind my fathers business, it was only accessible through the inside. We often depended on outside sources for our information on the conditions of society, and I wrote all of my experiences down in my diary until Nazis took my family.
Me: Where to you relocate to after leaving Germany? How old were you.
Anne: My family relocated to Amsterdam when I was 4 years old because we thought since it wasn’t taken over by Nazis we were safe.
In my opinion, there will always be various levels of prejudice, hatred, and discrimination, its unfortunate how some sectors and cultures are wired. As I consider what I’ve read and thought through my interviews I realized that we have to even more so prevent that catastrophic events from occurring again by never forgetting.
Is Anne Frank’s Diary A Holocaust Work?
The Diary of a Young Girl is part of the literary canon reserved for the educational establishment. Generation after generation of students read through the diary, reading it as a voice of optimism in the midst of one of the darkest hours in all of human history. It is common to look upon this diary as a fountain of positive energy daring to exist in spite of the menace of the Nazi machine.
While there are elements of the book that are powerful, and while the book would not have been composed if the Holocaust had not taken place, it is problematic to define this book as a Holocaust work, at least in the terms in which it is commonly marketed. Instead, it is more appropriate to look it as a fragment, a look into the mind of one young woman who had the vast majority of her life taken from her. However, that look should not be conflated into a story, because we do not see Anne Frank in the diary after her arrest; we do not encounter her time in the camps through her diary; we do not come to the end of her days in her diary, as we do (in contrast) with Elie Wiesel’s father, who vanishes from a bunkroom on one dark night, having succumbed to dysentery.
It is true that Frank wrote about her observations as showing the comical side of life in hiding (Frank 241). However, the comedy that emerges from her writing is of the darkest sort. There are all sorts of writing at work here, except for the motivation it is touted to contain.
What does the diary tell us? There are moments of deep suspense, as one might expect when two families consisting of eight people are hiding in plain sight in a Netherlands teetering under the weight of its Nazi neighbor. However, much of the diary has very little to do with the menace of the Third Reich: at times, Anne writes about her own sexual curiosity, natural for someone of her age; there are moments when she shows idealistic tendencies to go along with her darker moments. She shows fear, joy, infatuation and desperation. There are nights when the bombing excursions overhead make her sanctuary shake with the impact of the ordnance. The fact that the families have to leave the toilet unflushed for ten hours on end, after eight people have used it, provides a most vivid image, although the smell lingering from the meal of spoiled potatoes and boiled lettuce might be just as rank.
With that said, the commercialized version of the diary is not the one that one sees when one picks up the book. The death of Anne Frank turns out to have been somewhat ironic; at the point when she finally passed away, the Third Reich was collapsing, as the Russians were heading toward Auschwitz. Anne went to Bergen-Belsen as the Nazis were trying to destroy all evidence of their Final Solution at Auschwitz before the Russians could expose their plot. It was not a gas chamber or a death squad that took the life of Anne Frank; it was a typhus epidemic. This sort of outrage was also part and parcel of warehousing so many people so close together and with such little attention to matters of basic hygiene, but Anne Frank was not picked out for selection, she was not tricked into the showers that marked the end for so many, and she did not swing from a Nazi rope.
There was never a way out of this situation for Anne Frank. This is what makes attempts to turn the book into some sort of empowering document ring so hollowly. How can a fragmentary memoir of a young woman who had no chance to survive turn into a motivational text? If anything, it serves as a paean to the utter absurdity of both that part of history and our own part, several decades down the timeline, in an eerie place where we have Holocaust survivors in our midst but also have Holocaust deniers as well, a bizarre version of the Einsteinian paradox in which a person would not continue to exist if he encountered a different version of himself as a result of time travel.
When we turn the story of Anne Frank into a cute memoir of a brave girl hiding inside a wall, we take the story of Nazi Germany and we turn it into a sort of Nancy Drew mystery. If we are willing to look at the story as the musings of a young woman who saw nothing good ahead of herself but, even so, still had the natural thoughts of a young teenager. She notes that [i]n the evenings when it’s dark, [she would] often see long lines of good, innocent people accompanied by crying children, walking on and on, ordered about by a handful of men who bully and beat them until they nearly drop. No one is spared. The sick, the elderly, children, babies, and pregnant women “ all are marched to their death (Frank). There is nothing cute in this representation; there is nothing motivational. Instead, there is just representation.
Representation of what, you might ask? The bleak reality of the Nazi regime was that there was no way out as long as Hitler remained in control. The grotesque fetish known as the Final Solution has its analogue in the yellow stars of David that appeared in the aftermath of the inauguration of Donald J. Trump and in the global refusal to deal with the atrocities that Bashar el-Assad has carried out in Syria. Every time we turn a story like that of Anne Frank into kitsch, we ignore the lesson that that story would actually teach us.
Darkness In The Diary Of Anne Frank
Humanity, Perfectly Flawed Beings.
We, humans, are ignorantly foolish creatures. In the ending of Some Like It Hot, Osgood says, Well, nobody’s perfect! (Philip). Just like Osgood does with Jerry, we constantly try to prove to ourselves and others that we are merely flawed and that we are ultimately good, Yet time and time again we act incoherently and do wrong to others and ourselves.
How many times have we lied to people we know and love just because it was easier? Far too many times have we justified our wrongdoings as merely small mistakes, or that we didn’t mean to, or that others have done much worse. But these justifications are exactly what makes us flawed in the first place. The inability to see our mistakes and learn from them allows us to repeat them time and time again. Some of us have done worse than others, but we are all inherently flawed and imperfect. We all make mistakes, and we all hurt other people in one way or another.
As previously mentioned, everyone has does something, for lack of a better word, bad. It doesn’t matter if it’s a little kid or a grown adult who claims to be a saint, everybody has done wrong things in your life. Many of them may seem small and inconsequential to most people, but they are still inherently wrong. Examples of such day to day flaws humans make can actually be located in the acclaimed play, The Diary of Anne Frank. While the play itself tackles themes of humanity and goodness in the world in the midst of an evil situation, the people in the play themselves do simple average wrongs, that is as previously mentioned, still wrong. On page 536 of the play after Anne just had an argument with her mother she tells her father, I love you, Father. I don’t love anyone but you, It’s true. I’ve been thinking about it for a long time. You’re the only one I love . . . (Goodrich and Hackett).
Even though Anne does retract this statement, the fact that she said this and thought this meant that a part of her really did feel this horrible feeling. She says something wrong but tries to justify it by saying she loves her father. The casualness of how she said it infers that Anne thinks nothing of what she said. Anne’s mother meant nothing to her at that moment. A small mistake, still a very bad one. There are many contemporary works that exhibit the same kind of trifle of a mistake Anne makes. A great piece of contemporary work that deals with themes previously mentioned is Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind.
In Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind the main characters, Joel Barish and Clementine Kruczynski, though both have feelings and love one another can’t help but do wrong to each other. Clementine is impulsive and goes out to get drunk with other men and leaves Joel alone. In the process, while Joel, timid as he is, sulks and becomes bitter and naggs/puts her down for acting like a whore. At the end of the film, the couple has one final conversation before saying goodbye to one another in Montauk. The conversation goes as follows, Clementine: I’m not a concept, Joel. I’m just a f*$%#-up girl who is looking for my own peace of mind. I’m not perfect. Joel Barish: I can’t see anything I don’t like about you. Clementine Kruczynski: But you will, you will think of things and I’ll get bored with you and feel trapped because that’s what happens with me. Joel Barish: Okay. Clementine Kruczynski: Okay. (Charlie Kaufman). The two understand that it doesn’t matter how much they love each other, in the end, they will lose interest and end up hurting one another. Whether it be Joel offending Clementine or Clementine cheating in Joel, their mistakes and flaws destroy their entire relationship. They instead break it off then, to stop the pain of having to tear each other apart. Overall, no matter how good of a person or how hard and how much you feel you can become better, you will always have your flaws, and they can end up destroying you.
While people are naturally flawed, corruption through power exposes one’s faults and allows them to be able to use that power for their own benefit. This corruption allows a person to do unspeakable horrors to his/her fellow man. It takes a person’s faults to the extremes instead of day to day average faults. As Lord Acton stated, Power tends to corrupt; absolute power corrupts absolutely. There are many such examples of corruption due to power being rampant among human beings. A few such examples can be found once again, in the beloved play, The Diary of Anne Frank.
In The Diary of Anne Frank, there is a myriad of situations where the darkness and corruption of humanity can be observed. The most prominent observation of this evil in the diary and arguably real life as well would be the Nazis. The Nazis, as most people know are probably the most infamous political organization because of the atrocities they committed against the Jewish people as well as other minorities. In the diary, Anne talks of how the Nazis took over Holland and how it affected her life just for being born Jewish. Anne states, Things went well for us until nineteen forty. Then the war came . . . then things got very bad for the Jews, you could not do this and you could not do that. They forced Father out of his business. We had to wear yellow stars. I couldn’t go to a Dutch school anymore. I couldn’t go to the movies, or ride in an automobile, or even on a streetcar, and a million other things . . . (Goodrich and Hackett, 514). The fact that children were not allowed to even go to a school is proof enough that humans are flawed, but it is due to the power that the fascists have that allows them to proclaim and permit such malicious and disdainful laws.
The Nazis had the power to do what they wanted in Holland. They had a dangerous ideology and a massive amount of support, who would dare attempt to challenge them. Alternatively, an even worse observation of such corruption is present in one of the largest organizations in the world right now, the Catholic Church. Just like the Nazis, the Catholic Church has and continues to use their power and influence to hide and carry out wicked acts. Almost every well-read person by now would know that the Catholic Church have protected priests who have been known to have molested and sexually abused children. A recent article by 6abc.com reveals that about 1,000 children, have been molested by priests in Pennsylvania alone. The article states, Those children are among the victims of roughly 300 Roman Catholic priests in Pennsylvania who molested more than 1,000 children – and possibly many more . . . ” (Levy).
Despite some institutional reform, individual leaders of the church have largely escaped public accountability,” the grand jury wrote in the roughly 900-page report. “Priests were raping little boys and girls, and the men of God who were responsible for them not only did nothing; they hid it all. (Levy). There are 1.2 billion Catholics in the world. These people put their faith on their religious leaders, leaders who lie and abuse their power to protect monsters like themselves. Leaders who proclaim to be acting by the will of God. Those priests were in a position of power that allowed to manipulate those children. They acted under the supervision of people they knew would protect them when the time came. Ultimately the flaws of human beings are prevalent among all positions of people in society. Especially positions of power, for those positions of allow people to act upon their flaws and while some overcome their flaws, others expose them and use them to hurt others. They make their flaws, themselves.
Everyone has their flaws, and many people claim that while these flaws exist and people make mistakes, those mistakes ultimately make us better and help us to progress forward. This can be observed in the arguably best video game of 2018, Red Dead Redemption 2. In Red Dead Redemption 2, the MC (the main character) Arthur Morgan starts as a cold-blooded killer but eventually becomes a better person. His best friend John Marston is the only one among his friends that has a family and is the only good man among his gang. In the penultimate chapter of the game, Arthur Morgan lays down dying. He sacrifices his life for John so that he could start anew with his family again and live a proper and simple life. He was only barely able to get his finals words out to his enemies (Dutch & Micah). Micah: Come on Dutch . . . let’s go, buddy. We made it. We won, come on. Arthur: John made it, he’s the only one. Rest of us . . . no. But . . . I tried . . . in the end. I did. (He crawls to the edge of the cave and watches the sunset as he dies.) (Santosx07). Arthur until the halfway point of the game was a hardened gunslinger. He had killed innocents and hurt people who didn’t deserve it and he paid for it in the end. But before he dies he gets his redemption by becoming a better man. Arthur changed and did good on his mistakes, his didn’t let his flaws ruin him. He changed his life around for the better, he started helping people he had wronged and even sacrificed his life for a friend.
However even though his example proves of that people can be good, but humans are still inherently flawed and make mistakes that destroy the lives of many. Take for instance the anti-hero, Walter White AKA Heisenberg, of the tv show Breaking Bad. In Breaking Bad, Walter White becomes what is basically the antithesis of Arthur Morgan. He goes from cooking blue crystal meth to make money to provide for his family, to cooking blue crystal meth to make money for his empire. This turn is especially found in the 5th season of the show, in the episode buyout Walter states, Jesse, you asked me if I was in the meth business or the money business. Neither. I’m in the empire business. (Quotes from Breaking Bad: Buyout.). Walter up until this point had been justifying his cooking of meth as a means for his family to survive after he dies. But he doesn’t even attempt to justify what he does anymore and understands that he is no longer father, husband, and chemistry teacher Walter White, he is now Heisenberg, meth cooker, criminal, and murderer. Later in the show, he ends up destroying everything he loves and built up. He lets his flaws and wrong choices ruin not only him but his family and friends as well. Ultimately while there are situations and people who overcome their flaws and make themselves better, people are still flawed godawful, and sometimes their mistakes can ruin everything in a person’s life.
Humans are the perfect example of a race that could be great but are just mediocre. So many times could we have acted better and progressed further than we have today. Our flaws and mistakes weigh us down, destroy opportunities and lives, and allows rape, murder, crime, and corruption to spread. The irony of it all is that we do have the ability to do progress further and act more responsibly as a people, it’s just that hypocrisy and our human nature prevents us from doing it, we’re all just the same flawed individuals at the end of the day. Which is why we need to start collectively attempting to not only be a better people, but start small and become a collectively better person, and only then can we go further than we have ever gone before.
World Famous Diary Of Anne Frank
I was born on June 12, 1929 in Frankfurt, Germany. My name is Anne Frank. My father was Otto, a proud German.
I lived with my father, my mother Edith and my sister Margot. We were a middle class Jewish Family. My father was a lieutenant in the German army during World War I. He later became a businessman in Germany and the Netherlands. My mother was a stay at home mom. We lived a happy and comfortable life in Germany. My sister was well behaved and polite, I was more of a trouble maker. I was very out spoken. I loved books. I wanted to become a writer when I grew up. In 1918 World War I ended with Germany’s defeat. Many Germans were out of work. Prices for everything were very high.
A new leader came into power in 1933, his name was Adolf Hitler. He was born April 20, 1889. He was the Head of the National Socialist party, also known as a Nazi. He made the Germans feel better about themselves. He said real Germans were better than other people, this did not include Jewish people. In his speeches he would blame the Jewish people for the problems Germany was going through. Hitler planned on getting rid of all Jewish people. Jewish people had to live in special neighborhoods and go to different schools. Life was becoming hard for them in Germany. My father saw that Hitler was a dangerous man and decided we should move. At first we went to live in Switzerland with one of my grandmothers. Then, in the fall of 1933 my father moved to Amsterdam, we followed in January of 1934. Amsterdam was a big city in the Netherlands. My father decided to move here because it was close to Germany and there was no problems for Jewish people. My father also spoke Dutch which is the language they speak in the Netherlands. Here my father started a new business making pectin. Pectin is a powder people would use to make jam. We moved into a new apartment and my sister and I started a new school.
We learned to speak the language quickly and also made new friends. One of my best friends was a girl named Hanne. We would ride our bikes and go ice skating together. I also love going swimming and to the movies. I would cut out pictures of movie stars from magazines hoping that one day I would be a movie star. Everything seemed normal in Amsterdam until my uncle Walter, got arrested in Germany for being Jewish. He was sent to a labor camp. It was just like a prison. My father wasn’t sure how safe we were going to be in Amsterdam because Hitler was moving closer to the Netherlands. My parents were not sure if we should move again but since my father was already in his fifties and my sister and I were happy here, they decided not to move.
In 1939 Hitler invaded Poland, England and France declared war. This was the start of World War II. The Netherlands did not pick a side. More and more Jewish people came to Amsterdam to be safe but on May 10, 1940 Germany invaded. On the day of the attack, bombs dropped from the sky and destroyed a town called Rotterdam. Thousands of people died. The Germans came into Amsterdam. A few Jewish families were able to escape but my family had to go into hiding. My father gave his business to, two good friends of his who were not Jewish and new how to run it. My sister and I were sent to a special school for Jewish kids. We had to wear yellow stars sown onto our clothes. This way people could see we were Jewish. The star was called the Star of David. All Jewish people had a curfew, we had to be home inside by 8pm. We could not go outside till 6am the next morning. The only good news was the Germans were not able to invade England and on December of 1941 the United States joined the war. My family hoped this would be the end of the war.
The day of the thirteenth birthday my parents gave me a diary. I stated writing in it every day. I called it Kitty. In early July my parents received a letter saying that my sister was being sent to a labor camp. She was ordered to go to the train station but my parents decided to go in hiding. My father and mother had been planning on this for quite some time and had been stocking a secret room in the building were my dad worked with food, furniture and clothes for us to hide. That night we packed our school bags with personal items. We put on as much clothes as possible under our coats and left for the hideout. It was called the Secret Annex.
The Secret Annex was very small. It was about fifty square yards. It was behind a secret door in the building my dad’s company was in. Inside there was only two rooms, one with a stove and sink and the other room was the bathroom. The floor above had two small rooms, one for my parents and the other for me and my sister. My mom had put up my post cards and pictures of movie stars. During the day we had to be very quiet so no one would hear us walking around or talking. We hung up sheets on the windows so no one could see any lights at night. About a week later another family moved in with us. They were friends of our family. It was Mr. and Mrs. Van Pel and their son Peter. He was two years older than me. Peter brought his cat, Mouschi.
After being there for five months, a man named Fritz Pfeffer joined us also. My father friend Miep and her husband, Jan Gies were our link to the outside world. They were not Jewish. Also his two friend that took over his business were Victor and Johannes. They would bring us supplies that we needed. These people would risk their lives to bring us food, newspapers and any news from the outside world. A year had come and gone, every page in my diary was filled up. Miep would bring me blank paper so I could continue writing. One day I was listening to the radio and heard a man talking about how after the war the diaries and letters would be published. My dream was to see My Kitty published after the war. I wrote, You’ve known for a long time that my greatest wish is to become a journalist someday and later on a famous writerI want to publish a book titled The Secret Annex after the war; whether I shall succeed or not, I cannot say.
By the time I turned fifteen we had been in hiding for almost two years. It was June 1944, the war was almost over. My dad would track the progress of our Allies. I began to see freedom. On August 4, 1944 Peter heard shouting from below. Men with guns raised stormed the Annex. It was the Nazi police. After years of being so carful and quite they found us. Someone had betrayed us but we never found out who it was. After we were all taken away Miep snuck in to the Annex and hid our photos and my diary in a desk. We all ended up in a concentration camp, the men on one side and the women on the other. At the camp most people were put to death right away. My sister and I were separated from our mother. We had no life. We struggled to survive. We both came down with a sickness called Typhus. We died in March of 1945. In April British soldiers arrived and freed everyone in the camp. The only person who survived from my family was my father. He returned to Amsterdam hoping to see us but learned that we were dead.
All that was left was our photos and my diary. In the summer of 1947 my diary was published. It was first called The Secret Annex, it was later changed to, Anne Frank: Diary of a Young Girl. When all was said and done, Hitler had murdered six million Jews. He ended up killing himself in 1945 inside a secret bunker. My diary became world famous, it has been translated into more than sixty-five languages. In 1960 the Secret Annex was opened to the public and more than one million visitors come every year. The last words I wrote are In spite of everything I still believe that people are really good at heart.
Imaginary Friend Of Anne Frank
In life most people just cannot wait for the chance of becoming a grown up. Anticipating the chance to have more independence and the opportunity to do things that were perceived as being mature and cool. While growing up, the people suffer through a set of changes as they develop a sexually mature adult body.
While these changes are primarily physical in nature, profound mental, emotional and social, changes also occur as youth adapt to their maturing bodies. A young Jewish girl who had to go into hiding during the Second World War to escape from the persecution of the Nazis suffered a lot. Although rejected and isolated, she didn’t stop showing signs of coming of age as a normal girl such as having an imaginary friend, entering puberty and having sexual curiosity.
First of all, Kitty, Anne’s diary, came to help to deal in the time of transition. Young children often have imaginary friends. Anne Frank, after she followed her family into hiding, never enjoyed this luxury. Her diary became Anne’s friend, her retreat from a microcosm imposed upon her and the seven other Jews imprisoned in the loft because of Hitler’s master plan of genocide against Jews and other groups. Even before the Franks entered the loft, Anne had named her diary Kitty. (Shuman). Kitty helps Anne deal with the huge change and the reader sees it when she writes to her about the Annex. I’ve probably bored you with my long description of our house, but I still think you should know where I’ve ended up (Frank 25) and when how her world turned upside down because of the sudden change. It seems like years since Sunday morning. So much has happened it’s as if the whole world had suddenly turned upside down. But as you can see, Kitty, I’m still alive (Frank 19). In these two quotes, Anne is telling Kitty that a lot have happened and she doesn’t feel comfortable being in hideout but at least she is still alive and has a friend who can tell everything.
In writing to Kitty, Frank is trying to reach out to the normal world beyond her confined quarters. She misses school and her old friends. As the youngest in the secret annex, she is treated with condescension by the adults and sometimes scolded for her boisterousness. To overcome these feelings of isolation, she invents a friend in whom she can confide (Furst).I hope I will be able to confide everything to you, as I have never been able to confide in anyone (Frank 1). During her time in the annex Anne feels that despite having her parents, it’s better to tell everything to Kitty. Paper has more patience than people” (Frank 6).The Jewish girl feels that no one interested of what a thirteen year-old girl has to say and it’s better to write what she feels without fear of being judged and that was really hard for her because of being Jewish in times of the Holocaust. After Germany invaded Netherlands and the government began to persecute Jews. Anne dropped her studies and lost contact with all her Jewish friends. During hideout, Kitty acted as Anne’s trusted confident when there was no one else to tell her secrets to.
Kitty provided comfort in times of stress and companionship when she was lonely. I hope you will be a great source of comfort and support (Frank 1). Anne Frank was a popular girl in the school but she felt like she didn’t have a lots of friends and that’s one of the reasons why she had such a strong relationship with Kitty. The reader later learns that neither Mrs. Frank nor Margot offered much to Anne in the way of emotional support and even though Anne’s father tried everything he could, he failed.
And yet for a long time I’ve felt extremely lonely, left out, neglected and misunderstood. Father did everything he could to curb my rebellious spirit, but it was no use… Why didn’t father support me in my struggle? Why did he fall short when he tried to offer me a helping hand? The answer is: he used the wrong methods.
Who Is Anne Frank?
- 1 What is this person most known for? What is their legacy?
- 2 What makes him/her most interesting?
- 3 What is this person’s greatest strength?
- 4 What is this person’s greatest weakness? What have they overcome to get where they are today?
- 5 How has this person impacted society? What leadership qualities have they developed?
- 6 What helpers did this person have along their way?
- 7 When did your person experience their darkest moments?
- 8 What was the turning point or moment of realization that changed their life?
- 9 Who is this person’s role model?
- 10 What current event would your person champion?
What is this person most known for? What is their legacy?
Anne frank is most known for being a victim of the World War II Holocaust, and she is also known for her written diary that was based on how she lived during the Holocaust time period. Anne’s legacy is her diary because if it wasn’t for her, we wouldn’t have known how the Jewish were being oppressed. We can gain all of this information when Eleanor Roosevelt introduces the book with, This is a remarkable book.
Written by a young girl- and the young are not afraid of telling the truth it is on of the wisest and most moving commentaries on war and its impact on human beings that i have ever read. ( Frank Introduction)
What makes him/her most interesting?
One thing that makes Anne Frank interesting is that she tends to tell everything to her diary because it helps her not feel lonely and in fear when she is hiding from the Nazis. She demonstrates this when she writes on her diary on June 20, 1942, I don’t want set down a series of bold facts in a diary like most people do, but I want this diary itself to be my friend, and I shall call my friend kitty. (Frank 3)
What is this person’s greatest strength?
Anne’s greatest strength was that she was prudent and hopeful. Everytime she was given mocking looks, horrible words and accusations, she didn’t say anything. Instead, she kept everything to herself as she pointed out in her diary when she states, …they mustn’t know my despair, I can’t let them see the wounds which they have caused. I couldn’t bear their sympathy and their kind hearted jokes, it would only make me want to scream all the more. (Frank 65). Another of her greatest strengths was her being hopeful. She mentions, I hope one thing only, and that is that this hatred of the jews will be a passing thing, that the dutch will show what they are after all, and that they will never totter and lose their sense of right. (Frank 239). This signifies that she hopes people can change their wrong ways to become better people.
What is this person’s greatest weakness? What have they overcome to get where they are today?
Anne’s greatest weakness was not being able to stay strong when war became more dangerous which led to doubt if her family and she would be able to survive. She begins to get depressed and pleads for someone to help them when she writes in her diary, We all look down below, where people are fighting each other, we look above, where it is quiet and beautiful, and meanwhile we are cut off by the great dark mass, which will not let us go upwards, but which stands before us as an impenetrable wall, it tries to crush us, but cannot do so yer. I only cry and implore: oh, if only the black circle could recede and open the way for us. (Anne Frank 115). To be able to overcome all of this, she had to be able to stay quiet and had to be capable of eating small amounts of foods because she shared a place, which she called the secret annexe, with seven other people.Unfortunately, only Anne’s father survived while the rest of her family were sent to concentration camps.
How has this person impacted society? What leadership qualities have they developed?
Anne Frank impacted society by demonstrating through her diary how a person can be strong even through their worst moments. Eleanor Roosevelt mentions in The Diary of Anne frank, Despite the horror and the humiliation of their daily lives, these people never gave up. (Frank Introduction). Anne Frank developed leadership qualities of being loyal. She demonstrates loyalty when she leaves her cat in good hands with her neighbors in page 15 of Anne Frank’s diary.
What helpers did this person have along their way?
The most important helper Anne Frank had along her way was Miep. Anne Frank points out that this person helped her when she wrote, Elli and Miep collected our rations for us. (Frank 19). Miep provided them with many other things such as news and clothing, but the one thing she provided to the Franks was her friendship because she stuck with them through the end. If it weren’t for Miep, Otto Frank would have not been able to publish Anne’s diary, because Miep found it when the family was captured.
When did your person experience their darkest moments?
Anne Frank experiences her darkest moment with the Holocaust because if the Holocaust didn’t happen, not as many innocent people would’ve died, including Anne Frank’s family. This is shown when Eleanor Roosevelt introduces the Diary of Anne Frank with, Anne Frank’s account of the changes wrought upon eight people hiding out from the Nazis for two years during the occupation of Holland, living in constant fear and isolation, imprisoned not only by the terrible outward circumstances of war but inwardly by themselves. (Frank Introduction).
What was the turning point or moment of realization that changed their life?
The turning point that changed Anne Frank’s life was when Anne’s father started talking to them about hiding. Anne mentioned this when se states When we walked our little square together a few days ago, daddy began to talk to us going into hiding. (Frank 12). This was the turning point because Anne realized something was happening against the Jews meaning they were being sent to concentration camps.
Who is this person’s role model?
Anne Frank’s role model is her father, Otto Frank. In her diary she got into an argument with her sister, Margot, for reading one of her books without permission. That’s when she mentions, With daddy it’s different. If he holds Margot up as an example, approves of what she does, praises and caresses her, then something gnaws at me inside, because I adore Daddy. He’s the one I look up to. I don’t love anybody in the world but him. (Frank 44). This shows that no matter what everybody else did around her, the only person she observed was her dad because, in her eyes, he was perfect to her.
What current event would your person champion?
A current event that Anne Frank would champion currently would be how the president, Donald Trump, is trying to deport illegal immigrants. Anne Frank mentioned in her diary, We always hear that we’re all fighting together for freedom, truth, and right! (Frank 238). Anne Frank can be seen as a girl who wants equality which is why she could champion the decision Trump has made.
A Crucial Regarding To The Holocaust
On July 6, 1942, Annelies Marie Frank left the comfort of her home, she and her family were forced into hiding to live in an attic with the Van Pels family. Adolf Hitler, Chancellor of the German Reich, had forced the relocation of jews to concentration camps and encouraged his fellow Germans to kill all jewish people. Anne Frank and her family remained in hiding to 2 years until 1944 when they were discovered, apprehended and sent to concentration camps.
Unfortunately, Anne, her mother, and sister didn’t survive what came to be known as the Holocaust. But Anne Frank did not go unknown, she left one of the most important and crucial documents–her diary. Anne’s diary gives us a first hand account of what it was like to be Jewish during the Holocaust.
Even though Anne Frank was going through one of the most violent situations in the history of the world, she was still a typical teenage girl. Her diary not only included the horrors of war but everyday problems of being a teenager. She wrote about a boy she liked named Hello, she talked about problems at school and how she disliked some of her teachers. She described her everyday life, her fathers job–an ordinary life. That was soon about to completely change.
Thanks to her diary, we are able to understand the tension and anguish the jewish felt on the days leading up to their capture or hiding. For Anne’s family it was July 4, 1942 when their life changed. Margot, Anne’s 16 year old sister received a letter ordering her to report to a work camp in Germany. Anne knew this meant that everything her dad said to her about going into hiding was about to happen so that night the Frank family had layered themselves in as much clothing as possible and headed to Amsterdam where they stayed in hiding.
Anne’s life in hiding was anything normal, she didn’t get to experience the life a regular teenager would experience. For example, she wasn’t even allowed to open a window or even stand by a window, in fear of being seen by someone. Anne wasn’t allowed to get up until after 7 am and on most nights had to be in her room by 6 pm. Anne had written in her diary that there was conflict between the 8 people living in the attic due to shortage of space. During the time in hiding, Anne had felt very misunderstood by the people around her, so she tried to better herself. Although it was hard for Anne to stay positive considering her living situation, she still wrote about herself as a normal teenager. She wrote about her fears, her hopes, and her character.
After 2 years of hiding, unfortunately on August 4, 1944 the Frank family’s hiding place was searched by the Gestapo and Dutch police. All 8 people living in the secret annex were captured and sent to concentration camps including the Frank family, the Van Pels family, and Fritz Pfeffer. Anne and her sister were both sent Bergen-Belsen concentration camp where they later died of Typhus fever. After the war was over Anne’s father, Otto Frank, soon discovered that he was the only member of his family to come out of the concentration camps alive. Otto Frank returned to the Secret Annex where he discovered Anne’s diary; it took him a couple months to be able to find the courage to read it. He later published the diary as a book called The Diary of a Young Girl that has been seen by millions of people. This diary has later become one of the most important and crucial regarding the Holocaust.
A History Of Anneliese Marie Frank
- 1 Chapter One : Being born in Germany
- 2 Chapter Two: The Secret Annex
- 3 Chapter Three: Life coming to an end
- 4 Chapter Four : Diary
- 5 Chapter Six: Relation to The Girl in the Blue Coat
- 6 References
Chapter One : Being born in Germany
On June 12 , 1929 a miracle was born named Anneliese Marie Frank also known as Anne Frank . The daughter of Edith Hollander Frank and Otto Frank, a businessman of a small company that made a
jelly substance to make jam . She also had an elder sister named Margot .
The Franks were an average family they weren’t rich , but they weren’t poor either. For the beginning of her life she lived in an apartment in Frankfurt, Germany with her parents and her sister after the Nazis annexed power in 1933 , Otto Frank fled to Amsterdam in the Netherlands where he had business connections says Holocaust Encyclopedia.Later on the rest of the Franks followed with Anne being the last of the family to arrive in February 1934 because she was staying with her grandparents in Aachen.
Chapter Two: The Secret Annex
Anne went to a school called Montessori school in Amsterdam. 1933, Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany . When Hitler was elected as chancellor everything changed Jews were restricted from their rights such as: going to school, shopping at most stores, and from taking public transportation.Hitler and his Nazi government aimed to victimize Germany’s Jewish citizens.The same year Hitler was elected Otto Frank moved to Amsterdam. Now staying behind with her grandmother in Aachen, Germany who later on joined her parents and sister Margot ( 1926-45) in the Dutch capital in February 1934.
July 1942 ,Margot received a letter ordering her to report to a labor camp in Germany. That’s when the Frank family fled to hiding in Otto F. business in Amsterdam . Later on the family were joined by several others who were Herman van Pels who worked for Otto’s company , his wife Auguste and their son Peter along with Fritz Pfeffer, an acquaintance to the Frank family . Anne writes to her imaginary friend , Kitty about her stay in the annex . Austrian born secretary, Miep Gies risked her life to take care of them along with many others .
Chapter Three: Life coming to an end
25 months living in the annex the families were captured there were exposed by an unknown person . According to Anne Frank’s Guide Miep Gies, secretary , quoted that It was the fourth of August . It was quiet in the office . We were working and I happened to look up. The door opened and a small man entered. He pointed the revolver in his hand at me and said ?Stay seared! Don’t move!’ Of course I was frozen with fear . He closed the door and left again. I couldn’t see or hear what happened after that because I was ordered to stay at my desk . Later I heard everyone coming downstairs, very slowly. They had been able to pack in the meantime . I wasn’t allowed to go to the window , I had to stay in my seat. And I did that. Afterwards, Bep and I went upstairs to the Franks’ bedroom. And there we saw Anne’s diary lying on the ground. ?Let’s pick it up,’ I said because Bep stood there looking in a daze . I said ?Pick it up, pick it up ,let’s get out of here !,’ because we were so frightened! We went downstairs and there we were, Bep and I . ? Now what , Bep?’ Then she said : ?You’re the oldest. You should keep it.’ That seemed right.
February 22, 1941, the Germans arrested several hundred Jews and deported them from Amsterdam first to the Buchenwald concentration camp and then to the Mauthausen concentration camp.says the Holocaust Encyclopedia.
In 1944 both Anne and Margot were transferred to northern Germany at the concentration camp at Bergen- Belsen . One year later Anne Frank along with her sister Margot Frank Rest In Peace it was only weeks before they would have been freed. Instead they were contracted by a disease called Typhus . According to Healthline. com Typhus is a disease caused by infection with one or more rickettsial bacteria. Fleas, mites (chiggers), lice, or ticks transmit it when they bite you. Fleas, mites, lice, and ticks are types of invertebrate animals known as arthropods. When arthropods carrying around rickettsial bacteria bite someone, they transmit the bacteria that causes typhus. Scratching the bite further opens the skin and allows the bacteria greater access to the bloodstream. Once in the bloodstream, the bacteria continue to reproduce and grow.
Chapter Four : Diary
Anne Frank wrote her story about her imaginary friend named Kitty she writes about hiding ,impression of the other inhabitants of the Secret Annex feeling of loneliness frustration of lack of privacy typical teeenager issuses .After being deported to the camp Anne left her diary the diary that held proof of what most Jews were going through during the Holocaust that just incase someone might say that it never happened.In Anne’s briefcase were loose pages , and other important papers that were dumped and left behind . Miep Gies kept the diary in her desk . Otto Frank survived the war after the Soviet forces liberated Auschwitz January 27, 1945 sadly for the others they rest in F.D. Later on when he returned he was given Anne’s diary says Ushmm.org he was integral to get his daughter’s diary published.
According to Holocaust Encyclopedia The Diary of Anne Frank did not become a best-seller until after it was adapted for the stage, premiering in 1955 and winning a Pulitzer Prize the next year. The book remains immensely popular, having been translated into more than 70 languages and having sold more than 30 million copies.
Chapter Five: Where are they Now?
In remembrance of Anne Frank and her family her home is visited by millions just to see how prepared and how tragic the situation was for her and other Jews . Not only is her house open for tourist there is a museum as well called Anne Frank in the World :1929-1945 in Sandy Springs , Georgia. You can take an Amsterdam Evening Canal Cruise with 4 – course dinner and drinks,go on a Jewish Quarter Anne Frank Walking tour in Amsterdam.
Chapter Six: Relation to The Girl in the Blue Coat
The topic that I chose relates to the book The Girl in the Blue Coat because they both are in the same setting Amsterdam during WW11 Hanneke was set out to find a Jewish girl named Mirjam who had been hiding in secret room in Mrs. Janssen’s pantry. Very similar to Anne Frank’s story except she wasn’t the one who was searching for someone who had gone missing she was hiding to save her life . Also like the book before Mirjam arrived at Mrs. Janssen’s home her parents and and her siblings were living in Mr. Janssen’s furniture shop ,who is now been murdered, she explains how someone ratted them out , same as when the Frank’s were reported by an unknown person. When Mrs. Janssen discovered that Mirjam was gone Hanneke was sent to find her before she got caught and was sent to a concentration camp so she wouldn’t end up like Anne Frank not that the characters in this book knew Anne Frank ,but it’s reasonable.
The Diary Of A Young Girl
- 1 Adolescence itself
- 2 Work Cited
The Diary of A Young Girl: Anne Frank is an autobiography. Anne Frank, a young Jew, wrote a diary to cope with the loneliness of her life. This nonfiction book provides a vivid picture of what World War II was like from the point of view of a child. The first person narration helps the reader understand the horrible events of World War II and their consequences on someone’s life. Anne Frank’s journal begins on June 12, 1942, her thirteenth birthday, and ends presently after her fifteenth.
Throughout the book, many themes are gradually explored such as the loneliness of adolescence and the two different selves Anne seems to refer to. Anne Frank’s solitude is the very cause of her diary. The early diary entries are mostly about her many friends, her social life, and her crushes; like any teenager would write about. “Added to this misery there is another, but of a more personal nature, and it pales in comparison to all of the suffering I’ve just told you about.[…]
Now I think either about unhappy things or about myself. It’s taken a while, but I’ve finally realized that Father, no matter how kind he may be, can’t take the place of my former world” (Frank 74). Anne realizes that her hiding only aggravates her feeling of loneliness. She is not only isolated from her friends but she finally realizes that her family will never understand her. Her friends used to comfort her in a way her family will never be able to. After the outbreak of WWI, and the commencement of them going into hiding, she starts to realize her two different selves. The young Jew continuously informs us that there are “Two Annes”. Her outward self whom everyone seems to find amusing and entertaining, and her inward, true self which only Anne knows about. She is entering adolescence which explains all the mixed emotions and feelings.
Secondly, some characters also play an important role in the book and represent symbols such as Hanneli and Anne’s Grandmother. Hanneli, one of Anne’s closest friends appears several times in her dreams. Hanneli represents the fate and death of Anne’s friends and millions of Jews who are tortured by Nazis. After having her sorrowful and frightening dream several times, she begins to ask herself why are her friends dead while she is still alive and well. This questions running in her head forces Anne to turn to god, believing that only him truly knows the answer. Anne’s grandmother also emerges many times in her dreams. She represents love as well as regret, for Anne wish she had appreciated her life before being forced into hiding. The young Jew also desire to tell her grandmother how much all love her. Therefore, Anne believes that her grandmother is her guardian angel and will save her through tough times. This image helps her survive and hold onto hope.
This diary teaches the devastating inequality during World War II. I highly recommend this book because of the knowledge it teaches the reader. This journal also offers a historical setting which I think is needed to understand the journey of Anne Frank.
Frank, Anne. The Diary of A young Girl, Doubleday, 1995, Unite States of America.