Essay about Critical Analysis Of Henrik Ibsen ‘s ‘ A Doll ‘s House ‘

Gaining the Right to Liberty and Freedom

The right to act on one’s free will is the most basic of human necessities. To have that right disregarded is to take away a fundamental part of human individualism. “A Doll’s House”, Nora living in the constraints of a 19th century Victorian society has been refused the right to equality and free will. As expected of a woman she is not to have freedom to make her own decisions, she is expected to stay home, care for children and tend to her husbands needs, as well as to have no individual opinion (Mapaulita). Henrik Ibsen however has exploited literary devices throughout the play to accentuate how Nora’s role in society has changed and how her husband Torvald and Dr. Rank among other characters have contributed to this change. Ibsen outlines how societal norms have changed by using literary devices to expose the promotion from constricted to equal rights and liberties.

Ibsen’s writing style mimics simple everyday language. The character’s lines are not embellished as Shakespearian literature commonly is. As a result the reader can relate to the characters, and reinforces that this play is true to how society was and that any further presented norms are not out of the ordinary. Mrs. Linde tells Nils “[he] must not forget that [she] had a helpless mother and two little brother. [They] couldn’t wait for [him]…[his] prospects seemed hopeless then” (Ibsen 50). Mrs. Linde married for money because in a typical Victorian society a woman could not provide for her family as it was the mans job. Nils did not have a job and thus Mrs. Linde chose her now-dead husband. The reader is inclined to believe that “working and earning money…was like being a man” (14). Using straightforward language, Ibsen …

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… paves the way for Nora to leave her confined role and explore herself as an individual. The reader can identify the change from 19th century society to 21st century society because of the emphasis Ibsen put norms that have since changed. To an extent Nora parallels the well-known historical figure Rosa Parks. Parks in her society was expected to give up her seat for a person of white colour. Her refusal to do so resulted in her arrest however she defied the expectations that where set out for her as a woman of black colour. Nora’s refusal to accept her position in society resulted in her abandoning her children. The actions of Rosa Parks led to the outlawing of segregation on city buses (Hare). Just as Rosa Parks, Nora did the unexpected by going against the stereotypical role of a housewife and becoming an individual with rights and liberties; she became a person.

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