Greek Mythology Has Inspired Books

Greek mythology has been in existence since 700 BC and is currently one of the most well-known collections of myths in this day and age. The significance of Greek mythology lies in its creativity for the morals that can be found within them. It also explained the origins of the world, and people who lived in that time period.

Greek mythology has inspired books, movies, and even video games that exploded with popularity from the moment of release. Rick Riordan is a prime example of this fact as his book The Lightning Thief became so popular a movie was released based on it. The subsequent books that followed became one of the most popular book series selling 30 million copies around the country. These books astounded and inspired the readers with the interesting world of Greek mythology. The author continues to release books on Greek mythology and to this day the popularity for the book series only grows.

Additionally, in the same year as the book The Lightning Thief released a game surrounding Greek mythology released. The game was called God of War, and though the game was overly action oriented the entire world and the interactions it allowed were solely based on Greek mythology. The game was so popular that the creators of the game produced a sequel which then produced another sequel that was released earlier this year.

Finally, the number of movies based on Greek myths have noticeably increased in the past two decades. The 1997 Disney production of Hercules is one of the most commonly known films based on Greek mythology. Though the audience for this movie is admittedly made mostly of children it is undeniable that the film was inspired by Greek mythology. Furthermore, many more films inspired by Greek mythology were created before and after this film with the earliest movie dating back to 1950 and the most recent released in 2014. This is a prime example of creativity inspired by Greek mythology, without Greek mythology many of these creative interpretations that people love would have never existed.

Another aspect that makes Greek mythology significant is that most of the stories from Greek mythology, regardless of length, hold moral lessons waiting to be discovered. For instance, the story of Icarus is a tale of a man and his son escaping a tower with wings made of wax and feathers. The father warns the son not to fly too close to the sun. However, the son absorbed in the feeling of flying disregards his father’s warning and continues to fly higher into the sky which results in his wings melting and him falling to his death. You can take multiple morals from this story alone.

For example, one could conclude from this story that you should not allow yourself to be absorbed in your own confidence lest you suffer from it in the future. Another moral lesson you can interpret is that you should always hear the warnings of others and know your limits. Odysseus, another famous Greek myth, holds many morals that readers can discover. Such as the importance of loyalty and perseverance. Throughout the story, Odysseus is devoted to returning home to his family which enables him to push through many obstacles. Regardless of the interpretation, every Greek myth holds a moral that can be discovered. However, some Greek myths weren’t intended to hold some hidden moral some were intended to explain the mysteries that they could not explain.

Greek mythology was intended to give meaning to things they couldn’t understand. Like why the sea created waves, why the sky didn’t come crashing down onto their heads, how the universe was created. Greek mythology had a myth for every question that someone could ask. For example, there exists the myth of Persephone, Demeter, and Hades. Hades, god of the Underworld saw a beautiful woman called Persephone, instantly falling in love with her. However, Persephone did not love him back she only wished to stay on earth with her mother Demeter, the goddess of Harvest. One day when Persephone wandered from her friends Hades kidnapped her, forcing her to stay in the underworld with him. When Demeter returned and discovered Persephone’s absence she fell into a fit of sadness causing the trees, the grass and flowers around her to wilt and die.

Persephone saw this from the Underworld and begged Hades to let her go. Hades agreed, however, he asked her to eat some pomegranate seeds before leaving. Persephone agreed and ate the seeds, but soon discovered that the seeds were cursed. Persephone would spend most of the year with her mother however for four months out of the year she had to return to the Underworld to Hades. So during the time she spent with her mother, the sun would shine and agriculture would grow, but during the four months, she was in the underworld her mother would fall into sorrow causing the plants around her to die.

This myth explains the four different seasons and why they exist. Greek mythology holds many such myths that explained the creation of the world. Though it does not seem very important to us now it is still significant because it was the beginning of understanding how our world works. Without myths such as these, we may have never tried to discover the true reason behind things such as why the sun moves across the sky and why the wind blows.

Greek mythology is much more significant than many think. Greek mythology inspires creativity which creates new and imaginative stories. It teaches us morals reminding us the characteristics that are important and warning us to avoid poisonous traits like greed. These myths explained the world to people in 700 BC allowing some level of higher thinking alllwowing greek mythology has and will have significant impacts on society.

The Ancient Greeks Were Polytheists

The ancient Greeks were polytheists (the worship of or belief in multiple deities) who viewed their gods as a family of immortals who intervened in the lives of human beings. There are many Greek gods, however there are 12 major Olympian gods. The reason for the name Olympian gods, is because of the mythical place Mount Olympus.

Mount Olympus was the highest mountain in Greece and was so full of beauty and uniqueness which led the ancient Greeks to believe that that’s where their gods are from and lived. The twelve gods consist of, Zeus- the king of the god and sky, Hera- the queen of the gods, Poseidon- the god of the sea, Demeter- the god of agriculture & grain, Athena- the god of war & wisdom, Ares- the god of war & strife, Apollo- the god of solar light, medicine & music, Artemis- the god of hunting, wildlife & the moon, Hermes- the male messenger of the gods, Aphrodite- god of love, beauty & protection and Hestia- the god of hearth and domestic life. It was important to the Greeks to please the gods because the happy gods helped you, but unhappy gods punished you. People could pray in their homes or there were also public shrines where they could pray and leave gifts.

It is believed that Greek mythology might’ve developed from the religions of the people of Crete. Though there have been parts of Greek mythology beliefs around for a while, it wasn’t until around 700 B.C that Greek mythology had become fully developed. The earliest Greek myths were part of an oral tradition that began in the Bronze Age. https://history-world.org states, Greek mythology emphasized the weakness of humans in contrast to the great and terrifying powers of nature.and In the Greek imagination, literature, and art, the gods were given human bodies and characters – both good and bad – and just as ordinary men and women, they married, had children The gods even became patrons of cities. The Greeks did look to their gods for guidance however, Greek mythology had unique characteristics.

Ancient religions such as Hinduism or Judaism, Greek mythology did not involve special revelations or spiritual teachings. It also varied widely in practice and belief, with no formal structure, such as a church government, and no written code, such as a sacred book. Some Gods were worshipped at sacred sites and temples in Greek communities in ceremonies carried out by priests and their attendants. Some of the rituals people did were to have animal sacrifices, libations, myths to explain the origins of mankind and give the gods a human face, temples which dominated the urban landscape, city festivals and national sporting and artistic competitions.” Believe it or not, the Greeks did not believe that all the gods held power.

They believed that some did have special powers, but they were equally as flawed as humans were.
Though Greek mythology was fiction, the myths were viewed as true accounts. Greek mythology has had a great influence on the arts and literature of Western civilization, thanks to the Greek culture. The influence of Greek mythology on our world today can be found in our science, arts and literature and our language. Most may not be familiar with Greek mythology, or at least that’s what they think.

Taken from Impact of Greek Mythology on Western culture, they state, most people who have no formal knowledge of Greek mythology still know that Hercules was a strongman and that Venus (the Roman version of the Greek Aphrodite) is the goddess of love. Despite the fact that very few people still speak ancient Greek, the Greek mythology has shaped the way we speak on many levels. For example, in today’s age an unpleasant woman may be called a “harpy” which comes from Greek mythology as a winged monster with a woman’s torso and a bird’s feet. Although we get many individual comparisons, we also received expressions, proverbs and cliches that are direct references to ancient Greek myths. For example, the expression “caught between a rock and a hard place” comes from the tale about sailors being caught between the monsters Scylla and Charybdis of Greek mythology.

Even many constellations are named after characters, beings or monsters from Greek myths, like Cassiopeia, Andromeda, Hercules and Gemini. Some parents or pet owners may choose to name their kid or pets after the Greek Gods or goddesses, some common names from the Greek Gods you might’ve heard before may be Zeus(God of thunder and the sky), Jason (a Greek hero famous for his role as the leader of the Argonaut), Athena (goddess of wisdom), or Helen (legendary beauty from Greek mythology). Greek mythology is around us more than we think of it to be.

Write About Is Greek Mythology

Greek Mythology

The topic I chose to research and write about is Greek Mythology. I chose Greek Mythology because I felt that there was more information and more to write about rather than writing about a specific topic from within Greek Mythology. I also have more interest with Greek Mythology than Greek History or Egyptian and Prehistoric Civilizations.

I am choosing to use the website Encyclopedia Britannica, Greek Mythology article written by John Richard Thornhill Pollard and A.W.H. Adkins. I chose this website because it contains information about the majority of the different aspects that make up Greek Mythology, it also includes pictures of historical artifacts that help illustrate the culture involved in it. The URL for the website is: https://www.britannica.com/topic/Greek-mythology .

Greek Mythology is a collection of “stories concerning the gods, heroes, and rituals of ancient Greeks” (Pollard and Adkins). These stories range from how the earth was formed to the reasons that certain natural events happen. These stories included “Religious Myths, Folk tales, and Legends” (Pollard and Adkins). I believe that these stories were made to help the peoples of ancient Greece visualize in their minds why certain things like lightning, storms, and droughts happened.

As Pollard and Adkins wrote “Myths of origin represent an attempt to render the universe comprehensible in human terms.” I also believe that it gave them something to believe in and worship so no bad things would happen to them. The folk tales were “told for amusement” and “inevitably found their way into Greek Mythology” (Pollard and Adkins). This shows that since the folk tales were told over and over again that they eventually were accepted as possibly true and became part of Greek Mythology. I could see this happening in today’s worlds because if something is said over and over again it will eventually be thought of a true and written down for future generations to see.

Greek Mythology is portrayed by a bunch of characters which included some well know characters from childhood stories that I was told as a young child. These characters included Zeus, Cupid, Athena, Poseidon, and Hercules. I learned that in Greek Mythology that the seasons came about because Hades “carried Persephone off to be his consort, causing her mother, Demeter, the goddess of grain, to allow the earth to grow barren out of her grief. Because of her mother’s grief, Zeus permitted Persephone to spend four months of the year in the house of Hades and eight in the light of day” (Pollard and Adkins). This is a really interesting view of how the seasons started and I could see how it would make sense to those ancient Greeks that believed it.

The website Encyclopedia Britannica contains overviews of different subjects not just Greek Mythology. Within the Greek Mythology article there is multiple sections that each have one or multiple paragraphs that give a brief explanation about the main point that make up Greek Mythology. It also included pictures that are relevant to the article, these pictures include artifacts from ancient Greece that were unearthed and each tell a different story of what was happening during this period of time.

The website is arranged in sections that can be scrolled through or clicked through on the table of contents on the left-hand side of the page. I would give this website a grade of B, I wish that it included a little more content for each section that is included in the article. I wanted to learn different things about Greek Mythology that I didn’t already know and this website did exactly that. I just wish that it had a little more content within the article.

Greek Mythology “represents an attempt to render the universe comprehensible in human terms” (Pollard and Adkins). It is made up of a bunch of “folk tales, legends, and religious myths” (Pollard and Adkins). Greek Mythology is still being taught to us today even if we don’t take a college or high school course to learn it. It is taught to us as young children in cartoons, books, and movies. It is portrayed in art in museums across the world. To me Greek Mythology is just another way for a civilization to comprehend what is happening in our universe, this can be seen across the globe by different civilizations also trying to comprehend what is happening and how to interpret it.  

Greek Mythology Essay

She was perfect eternally young woman with a beautiful body. She was known of the goddess of love and beauty. Although her powerful sexual attractiveness and dazzling beauty she also had weaknesses.

With a perfect face and body, she is a bit stuck on herself, it was the girdle that she wore that had magical powers to compel love. She was the daughter of Zeus, the king of gods and Dione, and early mother goddess. Although it was thought that she was born of zeus and dione or more commonly it was told that she was born of foam in the sea off the island of Cyprus.

First of all, my goddess is Aphrodite her powers are love,beauty. A weakness of Aphrodite is that every time she saw someone more beautiful or attractive then her she gave them a horrible life or killed them. Aphrodite was usually depicted as a highly attractive young woman who dressed elegantly and loved to wear jewellery. Her eyelashes were curled and she had a constant smile on her lovely face. Aphrodite had a tender neck and symbolized the feminine beauty. Scallop shell, seashells, mirrors, golden apples, the Evening Star (planet Venus), Number 5, the ocean, and the triangle.

Secondly, Aphrodite is thought to have been born near Paphos, on the island of Cyprus. According to Greek myth, Uranus and Gaia had a son named Cronus. The parents fought and Gaia created a stone sickle, which she gave to Cronus to attack his father. Cronus castrated Uranus and threw his father’s testicles into the sea. They caused the sea to foam and out of that white foam rose Aphrodite, the goddess of love and beauty. Aphrodite was married to the lame smith Hephaestus, the Olympian God of the Iron, but her heart was devoted to Ares, the God of War, with whom Aphrodite was having a passionate, but secret love affair. Aphrodite’s transformative power–Love – transforming the ordinary, the mundane into something beautiful and special through Love. Aphrodite was known to become angry and cast revenge when mortals refused to honor the Goddess of Love or her sacred rites. She appears to have no mother.

Finally Aphrodite and Adonis is a classic myth about lust and rejection, enhanced with several spicy details about the Goddess of Love and Lust and the beautiful mortal Adonis. The first myth of Aphrodite and Adonis involves the man’s parents and is a story about beauty, love and jealousy. Adonis’ mother was the beautiful Myrrha or Smyrna and his father, King Cinyrus of Cyprus, who was actually the father of Myrrha. This strange parentage of Adonis came about because Goddess Aphrodite was jealous of Myrrha’s beauty and caused the girl to unite with her own father.When Cinyrus found out that he had been tricked, he chased Myrrha with a sword, intending to kill both her and her unborn child. Aphrodite, repenting of her deed, quickly turned the girl into a myrrh tree.

In conclusion, the goddess had many affairs, but she never felt guilty, she liked being able to get whoever and whatever she wanted, but she was always ready to help deities and mortals get the love that they wanted. She was even said to be very generous and always very friendly. Aphrodite was one of the very well-known out of all Greek gods and goddesses, and even though she slept around a lot, she gave everyone something to talk about and made lots of babies.

Which I think many gods, goddesses, and mortals appreciated. Not only was this goddess famous for her various sexual activities, but also for starting the Trojan War. A wedding took place among the gods and goddesses for the union of King Peleus and Thetis. Eris the goddess of Chaos was not invited and in anger she tried to crash the wedding, when not let in she threw a golden apple in the middle of the floor for the fairest. Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite all believed themselves to be the fairest and began fighting over the apple. Zeus could not decide who was, so he left his son Paris (Prince of Troy) to decide.

In the end he chose Aphrodite because she had the best bribe for Paris, this was Helen of Troy who was abducted from the Greek King Menelaus. To get her back, the King declared war, and it was the Trojan War. During this war, her son Aeneas fought. Athena, who liked to meddle in lives just as Aphrodite did, gave Diomedes the power to see the immortals on the battlefield. She told him he should stay away from all the gods and goddesses but he could stab Aphrodite. When Aphrodite helped Aeneas by shielding him from all of Diomedes attacks, Diomede lunged at Aphrodite and cut her hand. She fled to Mt. Olympus where Zeus told her to stay away from warfare and only worry herself with matters or marriage and love and so on.

One Of The Most Important Elements

In Greek Mythology, perhaps one of the most important elements are the Greek Gods and Goddesses. The ancient Greeks created the stories about the lives and journeys of the Greek Gods, known as myths, simply different information which were difficult to explain using modern science. These myths about the Gods were spread around the world by explorers and storytellers, and later merged with Greek culture.

To this day, numerous myths survived through many writings. Each of these myths are very unique, and tells much about the Greek Gods. The Greek myths in particular show that Greek Gods and Goddesses looked and acted like humans, that they possessed powers, and that they interacted with humans mainly for personal purposes and sometimes to aid heroes.

Firstly, Greek gods and goddesses were viewed as being to a great extent similar to men and women. To start, it is very interesting that the ancient Greeks created their Gods and Goddesses to have features which are exactly the same to a regular mortal. The proper term for this is called anthropomorphism, which means, in the form of a human. Yet the gods were visualized as more gallant in physique, exceptional in beauty and proportion, and much more authoritative than humans.

An example of this comes from the fact that Athena, a statue from the Royal Ontario Museum, had a form of a regular mortal, and that she was envisioned as having a body of what most humans would desire. More intriguing however, is the fact that the ancient Greeks believed that the Gods created them. This comes from the myth of how Zeus gave the duty of populating the Earth to Epimetheus. Epimetheus therefore populated the world, but then created a useless creature that was to an image of the Gods, which explicates why Gods appear like humans.

Additionally, it is even more fascinating that not only do Greek Gods act like humans but they also behave like humans and are able to love, marry, produce children, and so on.
Therefore, whenever they act upon hatred, much of their acts were very bad and cruel. This being because there was such a large society of God’s, this meant that much of the Gods lives were surrounded in chaos and revenge.

Greek Gods in Mount Olympus

Zeus was the king of the Greek gods in Mount Olympus. He was the god of the sky and thunder. His symbols are the lightning bolt, the eagle, and the oak tree. Zeus was the son of the Titan Cronus and Rhea, Cronus’ sister. His brothers were Hades and Poseidon. His sisters were Hestia, Demeter, and Hera who Zeus ended up marrying. Zeus’s father would eat all of his children the moment they were born, but his mother Rhea Zeus from being eaten by Cronus.

Contents

  • 1 Poseidon
  • 2 Hades
  • 3 Apollo
  • 4 Artemis
  • 5 Hermes

Poseidon

Poseidon was the Greek god of the sea, earthquakes, storms and tidal waves. His symbols were the trident, the dolphin, the horse, the bull, and the fish. Poseidon was the son of Cronus and Rhea. His brothers were Zeus, and Hades. His sisters were Hestia, Demeter, and Hera. Poseidon was married to Amphitrite. Poseidon was devoured by his father Cronus then later saved by his brother Zeus who was never eaten by his father.

Hades

Hades was the Greek god of the underworld, the dead, and the riches under earth. His symbols were the Scepter, the Cerberus, the drinking horn, and the cypress tree. His father an mother were Cronus and Rhea. Hades brothers were Zeus and Poseidon. His sister were Hestia, Demeter, and Hera. His spouse was Persephone. Like Poseidon, Hades was swallowed by his father Cronus, then saved later by his brother Zeus.

Apollo

Apollo was the Greek god of many things such as knowledge, light, prophecy, the arts, poetry, the sun, and manly beauty. His symbols include the lyre, the python, the bow and arrow, the raven, and the laurel wreath. He is the son of Zeus and the Titan Leto. Apollo had an older twin sister named Artemis. Apollo killed a serpent named Python with a single arrow.

Artemis

Artemis is the goddess of the hunt, moon, virginity, archery, childbirth, and all animals. Her symbols were the bow, the arrows, the stags, the hunting dog, and the moon. Artemis was the daughter of Zeus and the Titan Leto. She was also the older twin sister of Apollo. Artemis armed herself with a bow and arrows made by Hephaestus and Cyclops.

Hermes

Hermes was the messenger of the gods. He was the Greek god of travel, thieves, commerce, and games. Hermes symbols were the tortoise, the staff, the winged sandals, the winged cap, and the rooster. He was the son of Zeus and Maia. Hermes would disguise himself as a traveler in order to test the hospitality of mortals.

Yoruba Tribe of West Africa

Being native from Cuba where the sound of the drums are heard acclaiming to the Gods and the singing of souls worshiping Cachita known as Oshun in the Afro-Cuban culture make me decided to compare the foundation of Africans mythology vs. Greeks mythology. Once we have opportunity to dive into both civilizations we can find out that we are all the source of the same creation.

Also that no matter where we came from, or where we travel the final destination of every human being is to return to the original place of departure. We can be African, Greeks, Romans, or from any other part of the world but through history and mythologies we can find the link that we are partakers of the same source.

As we look into the Yoruba tribe, we can see how Africans called Olorun the architect of nature and the creator of humans’ souls. He is also the maker of lesser spirits which are intermediaries between humans and Olorun. The Creator is both Almighty and Omniscient. He is considered the King Who Dwells in the Heavens and it is known as the Impartial Judge who controls the destiny of gods and humans. He gives each person what he or she deserves. The Olorun presence, or concept of his authenticity, is above and beyond the realms of Nature; therefore, he is known as immortal and holly. It is recognized among Yoruba tribe that Olorun is perfect in Wisdom, Strength, and Justice. He is known to exist in sacredness beyond the realm of moral weakness and the likelihood of transgression.

In the Yoruba tribe of West Africa, we found the myth of creation containing similar elements to the Greeks one. The myth tells of a Yoruba Creator named Olorun and only the heaven and the oceans were in existence. Olorun the Creator reigned in the Heavens, and the goddess Olokun governed the Oceans. Then Obatala one of the Orishas pondering about the creation went to Olorun requesting permission to create land for all living being to dwell.

The Creator gave him permission; however, Obatala also requested advice from Orunmila, God of Prophecy and first-born of Olorun. Orunmila’ s advice to Obatala was to use an elongated chain to go down to the oceans, and to carry inside a sack palm nuts, iron, a snail’s shell filled with sand, and a Golden Egg. The Gods gave a farewell to Obatala, which commenced to climb down the heavens. Seven days later he grabbed the end of the chain, but he stills had some distance to go. Then, he heard the voice of Orunmila advising him to pour the elements of the bag that were spread to form out of the oceans a vast land. While, he was hanging in the chain his heart was beating so strong that the egg cracked, and the spirits of all the Orishas flew out of the egg into the earth in a bird called Sankofa.

Obatala jumped from the chain and choose to live in earth; however, he became bored and decided to create humans out of clay that he digs out of the earth, which Olorun blows life into them. One day he got tired of creating humans decided to make wine from a nearby palm tree and got drunk. Then he created a group of imperfect humans due to his drunken state. When Obatala realized what he had done, he swore to never drink again, and to become the protector of these particular humans by giving them a special status. Obatala became focus in building more things for humanity.

Many Gods were happy with Obatala’s creation, except for Olokun the ruler of the Ocean and all below the sky. She was upset because Obatala never consulted her in his proceeding of creating the earth and living creatures in areas that were usurped from her kingdom. So, the story states that one day when Obatala was visiting the sky Olokun called upon the great waves of her vast oceans and sent them to rise across the land. Many people were drawn and few people flew to the highest land invoking God Eshu and asking from him to intercede for them. Eshu demanded from the people to make sacrifices in the name of Obatala and himself in order for him to deliver their burden to Orunmila. When Orunmila heard the news, he climbed down to the earth, and cast many spells which triggered the flood waters to retreat, and the dry African land reappear. Then the great flood was ended.

As we look in the Greek mythology, we find some correlation between African beliefs and Greeks. The above paragraphs show how Africans narrate their creation. The paragraphs below will show how the Greeks relate their conception, and from there we can draw our own conclusions.

Greek Mythology shows that the beginning was Chaos, then Nyx = Night appeared as a black bird who laid a golden egg. For many years Nyx seated on the egg waiting for life to start to stir in the egg, until the day that Eros the God of Love was born from it. The shelf broke in two parts and Eros called the Sky = Uranus, and the Earth = Gia. The Sky and the Earth fall in love and from them many generations were born; including twelve of the Titans. Later on, Uranus and Gaia children become afraid of the power of their children. Then Cronus the ruling titan in an effort to protect his life started to swallow his infant children. But his wife Rhea unhappy at the loss of her children hid their youngest child named Zeus and gave Cronus a rock wrapped in swaddling clothes, which he swallowed thinking it was his son.

Once Zeus reached manhood with the help of his mother he tricked his father in vomiting all the children. Then he gathered all the children and started a war against their father Cronus. After many years of war, the younger generation won. Then Zeus sketched lots with his brothers Poseidon and Hades. In the draw Zeus became the supreme God ruler of the Sky and other Gods. Zeus weapon is a thunderbolt which he throws at those who annoy him and to punish those that lie or break oaths. Zeus demanded from the titans to begin to furnish Gaia with life and Uranus with stars. Then he realizes that the Earth was lacking humans and animals and called his sons Prometheus and Epimetheus. Zeus demand from them to go to Earth to create men and animals and to share the gift among them.

Prometheus began to create men with the same image and likeness as the gods, meanwhile Epimetheus worked in the making of the animals and at the same time he gave them all the gifts that were granted by Zeus. Eventually, Epimetheus finished his work earlier than Prometheus and used all the gifts. So, when Prometheus finished making the men and went to grant them gift, he was informed by Epimetheus of his unwisely used of all of them. Then Prometheus concerned with the issue at hand decided to give fire to man. He knew that only the gods were ones who have access to it, but when the Sun God rose in the East and into the word he went there took some fire and carried it back to men. He advises them how to use fire and then left.

When Zeus discovered what Prometheus did, he became furious and chained his son to a mountain where the vultures peck out of his liver for all the eternity. He also devised a plan of retribution for mankind by using Pandora, a woman of great beauty to whom each of the God gave gifts. Zeus’ gifts were curiosity, and a box which he ordered her never to open. Then he gave Pandora to Epimetheus as wife. Pandora and Epimetheus were happy except for Pandora’s intense longing to open the box. She knew that the gods and goddesses gave her so many glorious gifts, so she imagined that the one in the box would be magnificent. So, one day when Epimetheus was gone she decided to open the box. Out of the box soared all the dreads which plague our world; such as: hurt, illness, jealousy, gluttony, distrusts, etc Upon hearing Pandora’s cries Epimetheus ran home and secured the lid shut, but all the evils deeds had already escaped. During that night the couple heard a voice coming from the box saying release me I am hope. Epimetheus and Pandora free the voice and let her bring hope to humankind.

It is known that Greece and Africa started to contact each other as early as in the Bronze Age with the Minoans who trade in Egypt. The Homeric poems written in the 8th century BCE cites Greeks contact with Africans. The legendary Africa appears as a secluded and enigmatic place. Its people may look different with their relationship to the gods based in tribal traditions, but after diving into the Greeks & Africans mythologies, we discover similarities in their goddess and creation. The planetary link among those two civilizations and masonry can be distinguished with two distinct kinds of symbols: The mythical and the material, but these are so thoroughly united in object and design that is impossible to appreciate the one without an investigation of the other.

The diversity of their Gods & Goddess is many but some of them can be easily identified among both cultures. For example: Olorun is the African sky god who represents the firmament, but if we look into the Greeks God Zeus, known by Roman as Jupiter; both of them also represent the firmament. The Goddess of Love known as Aphrodite by Greeks is the African Orisha called Oshun. Both are associated with water, purity, fertility, love and sensuality. Olokun, the Ocean Orisha of the Yoruba people lives in a palace under the sea. His counterpart is called Poseidon, which is known to be the oldest Greek divinity of the waters. So, if we keep searching we will see that many point of coincidence among both cultures, but as creatures of this world we can also see similarities of these mythologies linked to biblical passages.

Comparing the Africans myth to the biblical flood, one might offer an examination of why the floods occur: the Yoruba account, a goddess’ whimsical destruction versus the biblical, a god that demands moral behavior. In masonry we can view connotation to this myth under the RAM degree. As for the Greek Mythology the opening of Pandora’s Box resembles the Biblical moment when God said to Adam and Eve to eat fruit from all the trees but one, and hope is the resemblance of Jesus’s sacrificing his life for men salvation… In the 1st degree of masonry silence and observation are keys for improvements. In the 2nd degree we focus in the liberal arts as the way to get enlighten. So if we read the V.S.L. we can find that Mesopotamia the land where Abraham was born is called today Iraq. So, Iraq has become the place where we can perceive the most notable features of Egyptians, Africans, Greeks or any other God mythologies in the world, which is the drive for power and dominance.

For the writer Masonry could be the tool to men salvations because in some ways shows that there are vital basics questions within each culture such as: who we are, where we came from, why we are here, and where we are going. As we look into mythologies, we can see that all of them teach that any important things require much effort and the cooperation of others. The lessons for the human being is that not matter how hard we try, we are not perfect. Therefore, we should be responsible for the well-being of anything we create.

FAMILY RELATIVES

Zeus (greek name- Jupiter) he was the god of the sky and the thunder. He spent most of his time in the Mount of olympus so most of his myths was on this place. His powers was to throw lightning bolts, his winged pegasus, he controlled the weather, & he could shape shift himself into animals or persons.

Contents

  • 1 FAMILY RELATIVES
  • 2 HISTORY
  • 3 PHYSICAL APPEARANCE AND SYMBOLS
  • 4 CELEBRATION
  • 5 SUMMARY OF A GREEK MYTHOLOGY
  • 6 CONCLUSION

FAMILY RELATIVES

His mother was Rhea the goddess of courage and wisdom, his father was the Titan Cronus. Zeus brothers was Hades the oldest one, the other brother was Poseidon & he had 3 sisters that were Hestia, Demeter, & Helen of Troy. His wife was Hera the goddess marriage and birth. His children was Ares, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite, Dionysus, Hermes, Hercules & Hephaestus.

HISTORY

Zeus birth & infancy, he was the youngest son of the Titan Cronus and his mother Rhea. When he was born, his father Cronus intended to swallow him as he had all of Zeus siblings.
His childhood was guarded by cruets, (young soldiers) as he grew to be a man. Even when he was a baby, they clashed their weapons against each other to obscure the sound of his crys.
His life as an adult was that once Zeus was a full grown man, he led a revolt against the titans, and overthrow his father Cronus, (maybe with the help of his brothers, Hades & Poseidon).

PHYSICAL APPEARANCE AND SYMBOLS

Zeus look like a grown man with Long white hair, In a very good shape, he also had long white beard, he always has a lightning bolt in his hand & in all of his pictures he has white clothes. The symbols you can recognize him is by his weapon that was the thunderbolt. His objects were the Aegis (a shield). His animal symbols were the eagle, the bull, & the oak. Other symbols you can recognize him is by the sceptre.

CELEBRATION

There`s one celebration in a special way they do to Zeus and is teh day five and is a day to celebrate the accomplishments of the victors, spectators, trainers and athletes made their way, procession style, to temple of Zeus for the final time, with the winners leading the way. There are certain cities of some countries that are named by Zeus in one certain area one is in Spain in the city of Extremadura, the other one is in America in Virginia, & the last one is on Cyprus in paphos.

SUMMARY OF A GREEK MYTHOLOGY

In the beginning Zeus was the youngest son of the Titan Cronus and goddess Rhea. When he was born, his father Cronus intended to swallow him. But his mother hid him in a cave. In the middle of the story when he had grown up, Zeus caused Cronus to vomit up his sisters and brothers, & these gods joined Zeus to fight and gain control to the universe over the titan Cronus. In the end Zeus and his brothers Poseidon, & Hades divided up creation Hades got the underworld, Poseidon the sea and Zeus got the sky. Also he became the supreme authority.
In this myth my god is presented like the most powerful, & he had the power to control the lightning.

CONCLUSION

In conclusion there are many other interesting facts that happen in this myth but one of the most important for me that Zeus made was that Zeus was the one that change the greek mythology when he grown up. Another fact is that Zeus break free to the Titan crius we don`t know why but he did. The other one is that Zeus often change shape into a bird to get womens attention & the last thing is that the Olympic games were initially dedicated to him.

The Greek ideal Odysseus

The world of Ancient Greece was one of fate, war, and a fame. That being said, there wasn’t much predictability for the people of Greece. But one thing that was consistently true and reliable was the definition of a Greek ideal and how to embody it. Odysseus was the Greek ideal because he embodied all that Greek culture was through physical and emotional character traits.

The first way that Odysseus embodies the Greek ideal is through how cunning he is. When Odysseus is struggling to return to Ithaca after being at sea, he faces many challenges nd setbacks on the way. He and his crew encounter a blind Cyclops: son of Poseidon, Polyphemus. After they are caught stealing food on the mainland of the island, the cyclops becomes angry and eats two of Odysseus men. Odysseus has to find a way to escape without the cyclops noticing. In book 9, Odysseus tells his men to cover themselves in sheeps wool to be able to escape right under the cyclops nose. Odysseus gets the cyclops drunk and Polyphemus asks Odysseus his name. Odysseus tell the Polyphemus, Cyclops, thou askest me of my glorious name, and I will tell it thee; and do thou give me a stranger’s gift, even as thou didst promise. Noman is my name, Noman do they call me??”my mother and my father, and all my comrades as well. Even though Odysseus will eventually tell the Cyclops his real name out of pride, this moment of quick thinking saved Odysseus from being cursed before his men got off the island.

The next way Odysseus embodies the Greek ideal is because he is loyal. After being stranded at sea after the Battle of Troy, his main focus is to return to Ithaca and see his wife Penelope and son. Odysseus and his crew hear of sirens or Charybdis who can enchant men with their songs which would cause them to stay with the Charybdis and never return to their wives and families. Odysseus main goal is to return home to Ithaca and his family. In book 12, Odysseus seeks to find a way to avoid being entranced by the sirens, He says, So she spoke, but I made answer and said: `Come, I pray thee, goddess, tell me this thing truly, if in any wise I might escape from fell Charybdis, and ward off that other, when she works harm to my comrades. This shows how Odysseus is loyal and will do whatever is required to return to his family.

The last reason Odysseus embodies the Greek ideal is because he accepts his mortality. Throughout the entire story, we see Odysseus fight to change his fate or haggle with the gods to get home to Ithaca. But we never see Odysseus try to become immortal. When he is on the island with Calypso, she offers him immortality and the chance to live on the island with her forever. Earlier in the story, Odysseus travels to the underoworld and meets Achieles. Achieles says, I would rather be a slave on earth to the poorest farmer, than be a king to the breathless. Achieles explains to Odysseus that fame means nothing in the underworld, regardless of the merit it earns you on earth. When asked if he would like to be immortal, Odysseus declines the offer. Calypso tells Odysseus all of the wonderful things he could have with immortality and he still chooses to be moral. In Greek culture, mortality is accepted and seen as a gift. The trials of living and understanding the importance and preciousness of everyday were of much greater value to them than being immortal.

Odysseus is the Greek ideal because he embodies all that Greek was through physical and emotional characteristics. Through the text we see that Odysseus was cunning and able to escape his enemies, loyal to his wife and family, and accepted his fate knowing full and well what death held for mortals.

John Milton’s Paradise Lost or Mary Shelley’s Frankstein

Paradise Lost. Theme of lies and deception.

Paradise Lost is a story of Adam and Eve. It also explains how they were created, placed in the Paradise and how they lost their place in Paradise, the Garden of Eden.

The story also explains the origin of Satan, who was originally called Lucifer. Lucifer was an angel in heaven. He led his followers to rebel against God. The war between God and Lucifer made God to throw Lucifer to hell. Lucifer was a thirst for revenge. He turned into a serpent and tempted/cheated Eve to eat the forbidden fruit. In the story, the liar is the Lucifer. He cheated humankind. The aim of Lucifer cheating Eve was to revenge the war he lost against God. In this essay, I will explain how Satan used deception to revenge for the lost war.

Satan and his group are in the hell. They had a palace, Pandemonium, whereby they hold their discussion on whether to go back to the battle. Then in the council, they recognize that there is a prophesied world which was created and they noticed it was the best way to execute their revenge. Satan is the center of the plans. Satan escapes from the hell. When God sees Lucifer, He perceives the fall f man, but God’s son gives Himself to die for man’s sin. Satan flows to the sun and tricks the angel to get the access to man’s home. Satan’s cunningness starts with the angel on the sun. Lucifer lies to get the way to man’s home. Lucifer knew very well he cannot be granted permission to Paradise quickly. Through his lies, he was able to get the direction to the Paradise.

Gabriel and his angels deny Satan entrance into the Garden of Eden. From the Garden of Eden, Lucifer returns to the earth, and he enters the serpent. As a serpent, he goes to the Garden of Eden where he finds Eve alone. Lucifer induces Eve to eat the fruit from the forbidden tree. When Adam returns, he finds Eve and Eve seduces him to eat the fruit. Once the two eat the fruit, their eyes are opened, and they notice they are naked. After their eyes are opened, they are filled with disparity and shame which leads them to turn against each other with hostility. The God sends his son to bring justice to the world. Mercifully, God’s son delays the death. When they had sinned, God sent Michael to banish the pair from Paradise. But before they are expelled, God reveals to them the future event that is awaiting them due to their sin.

Lucifer intended to destroy the relationship between God and the creation he placed in Paradise to replace Lucifer and his angels. Lucifer was sure that he cannot do anything to get the pair out of Garden of Eden far from the use of lies. He lied to them to eat the fruit from the forbidden tree so that they can anger God so that God can send them away. Satan’s rebellion against God led him to be chased from heaven. He could not hold the truth that he will be replaced by the creation that God placed in Paradise. Lucifer devised a way to trigger the two to annoy God so that they can send from Paradise and so he used a lie to get them sin against God. Satan wanted to see the pair out of Paradise, and so he used lies to get the access to paradise. When he went to paradise, he too used lies to get Adam and Eve sin against God so that they were sent out of Paradise. The story explains Adam and Eve’s exit from the Garden of Eden and the devil used lies to get them expelled from Paradise.