Does Arthur Koestler in Darkness at Noon more persuasively critique authoritarian collectivism than George Orwell praises anarchistic collectivism in his Homage to Catalonia?

In both Arthur Koestler’s anti-Stalinist novel Darkness at Noon, and in George Orwell’s memoir of his time fighting for Spanish Republicans in Homage to Catalonia, both authors contend with similar political and historical questions pertinent to contemporary European society. In implicitly critiquing Stalinist authoritarianism, both authors explore the meaning of collectivism in their respective texts, … Read moreDoes Arthur Koestler in Darkness at Noon more persuasively critique authoritarian collectivism than George Orwell praises anarchistic collectivism in his Homage to Catalonia?