Civilization from the Perspectives of Freud and Sarmiento

Sigmund Freud’s essay, “Civilization and its Discontents”, and Domingo Faustino Sarmiento’s book, Facundo: Civilization and Barbarism, both make bold and thought-provoking statements about their respective societies and contemporary civilization. Although Freud’s and Sarmiento’s ideas appear similar at first, the split between their notions of civilization grows noticeably wider as their works are more closely compared. … Read moreCivilization from the Perspectives of Freud and Sarmiento

Tracing the Origin of Morality/”Morality”

Friedrich Nietzsche’s “The Genealogy of Morals” and Sigmund Freud’s “Civilization and its Discontents,” have similar goals. Both men want to expose what they see as the impediments of society on the freedom of the individual. Both attack and condemn organized religion as a disguise for the helplessness that individuals feel in the face of society, … Read moreTracing the Origin of Morality/”Morality”

Oedipus the King as Interpreted by Sophocles, Aristotle and Sigmund Freud

Considered by many as the greatest of classic Greek tragedies, Oedipus the King (“Oedipus Tyrannus”) by Sophocles (495?–406 B.C.E) is set in the remoteness of ancient Greece and has come down to us in the form of a tragic myth allegedly inspired by true events and actual characters. Yet to the people of ancient Athens, … Read moreOedipus the King as Interpreted by Sophocles, Aristotle and Sigmund Freud

Marx and Freud: Human Happiness and Human Nature

At the root of Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud’s differences regarding the nature of human happiness are their almost diametrically opposed models of human nature. Freud describes human nature in terms of universal, instinctive drives, the fulfillment of which constitutes happiness in its most basic form; Marx believes humans to be the only creatures capable … Read moreMarx and Freud: Human Happiness and Human Nature

Freud: The Impact of Psychology on Our Understanding of Civilization

Sigmund Freud, author of Civilization and Its Discontents, is widely regarded as the father and originator of modern psychology. Through the formation of his now-famous four divisions of the human brain‹the ego, the id, the libido, and the super-ego‹Freud changed the way man views himself and his actions forever. How, then, could such a great … Read moreFreud: The Impact of Psychology on Our Understanding of Civilization

Freud’s “Anna O” and the Meaning of Private Theater

In the case history of Anna O., Freud’s coworker Breuer makes no mention of when Anna coins the phrase “private theatre.” The abstraction reveals in itself two distinct personalities, and thus a notable self-awareness. It cannot be that in the midst of a daydream, she described the experience, as then she would no longer be … Read moreFreud’s “Anna O” and the Meaning of Private Theater

Freud’s Dream Symbols and Jung’s Viewpoint

Actually – and I confess this to you with a struggle – I have a boundless admiration for you both as a man and a researcher, and I bear you no conscious grudge… My veneration for you has something of a “religious” crush.–Carl Jung, in a letter to Freud, 28 October 1907A transference on a … Read moreFreud’s Dream Symbols and Jung’s Viewpoint

Freud’s Civilization and its Discontents: A Pragmatic Work?

Civilization and its Discontents, is, in great part, a philosophical treatise, in which Freud tries to replace a metaphysical, idealistic framework with a psychological one. He does so by using a performative, therapeutic style of argumentation, in which he encourages the reader to analyze philosophical problems in the context of his daily life, and realize … Read moreFreud’s Civilization and its Discontents: A Pragmatic Work?

The Human Pursuit of Happiness

A recurring theme throughout the novel, Civilization and Its Discontents, is the dogged mission of mankind attempting to achieve happiness, but always falling short. “Life, as we find it, is too hard for us; it brings us too many pains, disappointments and impossible tasks” (Freud 41). Many live out their lives seeking happiness through their … Read moreThe Human Pursuit of Happiness

Freud’s Impact on 1984

In his treatise Civilization and Its Discontents, Freud makes an interesting statement about advanced society. He argues that “the price of progress in civilization is paid in forfeiting happiness through the heightening of the sense of guilt,” to defend his argument that guilt is becoming an issue in modern cultures (Civilization 35). In George Orwell’s … Read moreFreud’s Impact on 1984