Beauty and the Ugly

In Beauty and the Beast, the story unethically depicts how a female is seen through the eyes of a man, and how women should shouldn’t read books or it will give her ideas, it teaches children that since females are more irrational and emotional than men, then men have to watch over their every move. The story, a Disney classic, loved by everyone, is about a young woman named Belle who runs off after not wanting to marry a man obsessed with her and runs into the beast, who then grudgingly takes her in.

Eventually the beast becomes more comfortable with her, but doesn’t let her roam some parts of his castle, he falls in love with Belle and turns into the man he always was behind the curse. The film expresses many immortal messages, which are conveyed to young audiences as normal. Beauty and the Beast is the artifact I chose because it displays rape culture, obsessive relationships, and the idea of not empowering women.

In Beauty and the Beast rape culure is shown through the character, Gaston. Gaston is the hunk of the town, every girl is in love with him, but he has his eyes on one girl only. Gaston has the inability to take no for an answer, every time he asks Belle out she respectfully answers no and he always disagrees. Gaston is a misogynist, and his toxic masculinity poisons the provincial town Belle wants so desperately to leave. He always intimates in so many ways that he thinks he and Belle are destined to be together. ‘You should start thinking about??¦ your own??¦ children,’ he says in the film, gesturing at his body rather than hers. When he says that he is signaling sexual content which is not fit for children, and could be taken in a horrible way to some women.

The portrayal of the characteristics of rape culture in the Disney animated princess movies does not change over time, but does fluctuate depending on the plot and the interaction of the characters. Another example of rape culture is the theme of romantic kidnapping. In Beauty and the Beast, Belle is kidnapped by the Beast and held captive in his palace. Even when she attempts to run away and is bombarded by wolves in the wilderness, the Beast comes to save her and yet imprisons her once more. However, this storyline of a happy ever after is flawed Belle was originally attempting to escape the Beast, her captor, and yet he is rewarded for taking her hostage once more. For kids to believe that kidnapping is romantic in any form at such a young age is extremely harmful to how they will grow up and learn to develop healthy relationships. Allowing a child to watch men take away the vehicle of choice for a woman teaches them it is exceptional and even normal.

Beauty and the Beast Analysis

In August of 2009, Jaycee Lee Dugard was discovered alive after she had actually been abducted in 1991, and she was still with her initial captor. Sources have actually specified that Dugard had actually established a case of Stockholm syndrome with the man who abducted her eighteen years back. A psychiatrist named Keith Ablow mentioned that “To keep one’s desperation and sorrow and rage for several years, would be too destructive to the human mind– so the human mind informs itself a story about safety and contentment to secure itself– that’s the essence of Stockholm Syndrome” (Engel).

For years, Stockholm syndrome has made an appearance in dozens of films; sometimes the entire plot focuses around it, sometimes it’s a vague recommendation. Nevertheless, one circumstances of Stockholm syndrome that is extremely pronounced, yet never ever dealt with occurs in Walt Disney’s Charm and the Beast (Trousdale 1991). Based on a French novel, Charm and the Beast was seriously well-known as being one of the very best love stories ever told, as it taught to like what is within, rather of being consumed by vanity; it was considered so successful that it was even the first animated film to be chosen for an Academy Award for best image.

Nevertheless, even with its vital and ticket office success, no one has actually addressed what type of love story Disney is promoting. The film Beauty and the Beast does not reveal a story of real love and admiration of inner appeal, however rather promotes the idea of Stockholm syndrome and falling for your abductor. When Belle goes on a mission to conserve her father, she ends up at a secluded castle, where she finds her daddy locked inside the dungeon at the top of a tower. The Monster, who rules the castle, uses to let her father go if Belle takes his location as prisoner.

His thinking for making her stay as his detainee is his hope of making her fall in love with him (and him with her) in order to break the curse upon him, his servants, and his castle. Right there we see that the Beast’s entire character inspiration is focused around Stockholm Syndrome, as he is attempting to make his prisoner, who he is holding against her will, fall for him. He is not kind at initially; he roars and yells, efficiently scaring the lady of his desires, and demands she follow his orders, just like any captor would.

Belle, on the other hand, is at first adamant about keeping her distance from the Beast, even when his enchanted furniture servants attempt to convince her that he’s really a “good guy”. Belle begins to have a change of heart after the Beast saves her from being eaten by wolves…she was almost eaten because she was attempting to escape. Even though the Beast saves her from the mean and scary wolves by bringing her back to her place of captivity, she’s so grateful for his “rescue” that she begins to think that he has the potential to be good.

A montage of cute interactions between the two characters then takes place, showing how the two are beginning to bond and feel something for one another, with barely a whisper of the fact that Belle is still being held against her will. The Beast lavishes upon her with food, music, and clothing; the gracious captor even deems a huge library in the castle to be hers, and she can access it any time she wants. How kind of him to give her full access to books inside a castle that she has no choice but to spend all of her time in.

He later creates a fancy date night for the two of them (still inside the castle) that even contains ballroom dancing. He finds out she is homesick, figures out he is in love with her, and let’s her go free. However, she later returns to the castle of her own free will in order to save his life. She professes her love, he turns into a handsome prince, and they live happily ever after at a castle that he now has permission to leave any time she wants.

Perhaps by the end of the film Belle really did love the Beast. Even so, her love was shaped and influenced by her self-created tale of “safety and contentment” altered opinion of him during her captivity in his castle. Disney’s version of this tale of Stockholm syndrome-based love seems to contain a great moral message for young girls: if you’re held captive by a hideous monster who is vying for your affection, just go ahead and fall in love, because he’ll turn beautiful.

Belle’s happy ending meant she never had to sue the beast for kidnapping, luckily for him. It’s a shame real life doesn’t follow Disney cartoons as often as it should. Just ask Jaycee. Her beast is still a beast; there was no prince at the end of her story. She got her freedom, yes, but no prince. That’s probably a good thing. It’s definitely better that beastly captors don’t change into rich and handsome men once their imprisoned object of desire returns their feelings; the justice system would never get anything done.

Authoritarian Methods of Control in Brave New World & V for Vendetta

People should not be afraid of their government. Governments should be afraid of their people. The right to rule. What gives someone such a power you ask? Well there is a variety of different factors and qualities one must have such as strength and leadership but there is a single item that all need and that is control. Without the obedience and submission of the people governments will fail. The film “V for Vendetta” and the novel “Brave New World” both comment on the issue of misuse of technology and the control of the people.

V for Vendetta is the 2006 film adaptation by the Wachowski’s of the comic book of the same name created by Alan Moore. It is set in a futuristic dystopian world in which Britain is ruled by a totalitarian-fascist party, and follows the events triggered by a masked shadowy revolutionary known only as the letter V. Brave New World is Aldous Huxley’s controversial masterpiece, published in 1932 and is about a futuristic-dystopian world where the government has outlawed free-speech and individuality and uses psychological conditioning to control the people.

Now let me refocus on the theme at hand: control. The Norsefire party in V for Vendetta rises to power by offering the solution after a string of biological attacks on various establishments: a school, water plant and an underground train station. The fear inspired by these attacks was what made people give them the power to rule. The Wachowski’s have compared and likened the Norsefire party to the Nazi’s the world’s most famous fascist regime. The symbol of the Norsefire uses the same colours and a similar symbol to that of the traditional swastika. The Norsefire also had a similar rise to power as the Hitler regime. First Chancellor Sattler was seen as the saviour before revealing his true colours as a villain “fear became the tool of this government”. The Norsefire also engaged in genocide of homosexuals, Muslims, and ethnics. Rather than concentration camps those captured were placed in detention centres with the aim of testing biochemical and viruses. The Norsefire government represents what V is rebelling against and that is oppression and the abuse of power.

Similarly in Brave New World, the World State is built upon from the devastation of the Nine Year War, fear and confusion were the aid of both these governments and let them create and enforce their ideals. Both governments have destroyed and banned any material that goes against party policy. Brave New World has taken this to the extreme with all literature and arts having been destroyed since the beginning of the World State. The tool of control used by the World State is science, children are born from laboratories and are conditioned, and their lives are predetermined to create a unified machine. The motto of the World State accurately reflects this ideology “Community, Identity, Stability”; it calls for each class to identify within their ranking and to support the community with the aim of achieving stability. Characters like John and Valorie rebel and detest the notion of conformity.

John wishes to experience the world as it truly was meant to be “But I don’t want comfort. I want God, I want poetry, I want real danger, I want freedom, I want goodness. I want sin.” He hates the protected and sheltered state of the people of the world state and their dependency on soma. “Valorie is proud of being a lesbian and was captured because of it throughout her time at the detention centre she continues to fight whilst trying to stay true to herself and her identity. She leaves a note which becomes a source of inspiration for both V and Evey as she says “it was my integrity that was important…we must never lose it, or sell it, or give it away. We must never let them take it from us”. By using the number of his room at the Larkhill detention centre V becomes a living symbol of Norsefire’s genocide and a motive for his vendetta beyond V’s rebellious goals, he also wishes to remind the people of Valerie’s message about their identity, their integrity and that they have the freedom to be themselves, no matter what anyone tells them they can or can’t be.

Freedom vs Happiness in Brave New World

There are many things that people pursue, such as wealth, prestige, or the latest technology. Of our many pursuits, the most essential are happiness and freedom. However, a question arises: can we possess both happiness and freedom? Most people may not have a clear answer for that. Brave New World, through the actions of its characters, reveals that there exists a conflict between the possession of the two ideas.

Lenina, having been conditioned to be happy, has unconsciously given up the ability to have freedoms.

From birth, she was assigned the role of beta plus, trained to not seek art, science or relationships. All of her material needs and wants are met. Nothing can make her feel sadness or desire. Thus, her motive to pursue freedom is non existent. If something against her conditioning comes up, she will feel confused and uncomfortable. While on vacation at the Savage Reservation, she witnesses the savage society, where people have families, religion, and natural aging.

She feels disgusted by it, “Too awful” (pg 116), so she goes on Soma holiday to forget about what she has seen. While over the roaring waves of the English Channel, Lenina cannot come to admire the beauty of nature, “She was appalled by the rushing emptiness… among the hastening clouds” (pg. 90). When John professes his love to her, Lenina is unable to understand his feelings, she’s only familiar with physical/sexual relationships, “For Ford’s sake John, talk sense… you’re driving me crazy” (pg. 191). Although her body is free, she lacks spiritual freedom, whether it be in terms of relationships, natural, or cultural beauty.

Opposite to Lenina, John grew up sharing the values of the Indians and William Shakespeare, which are in opposition to those of the World State. Once he comes in contact with “civilization”, he realises that his values are rejected by the “civilized” people. For example, he loves Lenina very much, but gets angry and insulted when she doesn’t understand his motives and tries to initiate sex, “get out of my sight or I’ll kill you” (pg. 194). When his mother dies, he becomes upset with the death conditioning of the children and interferes with it, “The savage looked down at him… did not even look round” (pg 207). Finally, frustrated with the “civilized” world, he tries to lead a group of Deltas by warning them on the negative effects

Conformity Vs. Nonconformity

Nonconformity is a force from one’s personal self to step outside of the norm and bring a sense of individuality to a world in which there is very little originality anymore. As a society, we are ruled by the media. They force their points of views down everyones throats without one’s consciousness even acknowledging so. We walk past billboards, view commercials, peek around all of our social media websites, and all the while our minds are being bred to be biased towards a certain fashion, a certain point of view, as far as even a music choice which is most preferable.

To step outside of this commonality in today’s society to the eye doesn’t seem too difficult. In everyone’s minds they are “unique”, “original”, and “creative”. What we don’t notice is how this seems to be what everybody believes, yet the fashion, attitude, whatever is as a phase and a trend. To truly step outside is a great leap and it’s not simply acknowledging just how original you are, it’s to live your life everyday in not simply the same consistency but in such a way that you aren’t driven to stand out or fit in.

It’s a numbness to either side of the spectrum. Being able to cope and not be judged based upon an individual’s nonconformity today is not as hard as it was in the past, however it is still picked upon.

It’s only natural to separate the one that does not belong, as seen in many animal species when an animal is bred with a genetic deformity causing it to not belong, thus being shunned by the rest of the basic of the species. Today, even, one of the main controversies is homosexuality. Despite all the recent movements and reformities of the law, gay male and females are still ridiculed. Sometimes to the point of suicide or even such bizarre, violent bullying leading to near fatal wounds and mental scars. So in a sense, Ralph Waldo Emerson’s famous aphorism is correct. “For non-conformity the world whips you with displeasure.” From personal experience, I cannot recall a certain point in time when my nonconformity has been looked down upon, however I do believe that I fit in such a space between conformity and nonconformity. If you were to judge based upon pure physical factors, I would say that I do not choose to dress myself in a way to stand out, simply on personal taste with a hint of outside influence. Mentally, I believe I do have an abstract method of thinking. I enjoy questioning things and learning, which is growing more uncommon in today’s generation.

Colleges tend to lean towards the unconventional way of thinking. After a professor has read so and so many papers from his hundreds to thousands of students, things can get a bit repetitive and uninteresting. A writing that stands out tends to create excitement with extra attention. This is how you show yourself, as a student, just the potential that you do harness. The ability to think outside of the box and express your thoughts and perspective in a way that invokes thought is a way to prove not only that you understand yourself, but it also is a way to even provoke questions that would allow somebody to learn something new. However abundant and appreciated nonconformity may be in today’s society in the novel “Brave New World” by Aldous Huxley, this approach to life is completely opposite. Within the “Brave New World” conformity is a method in which this society prospers and maintains control. From the time people are born in this society they are taught how to think, what to believe, and where they belong. This method forces people to grow just exactly how the government wants them to grow. This society is controlled using various methods. If you feel any sort of emotion, which would then create individuality, you just take a “Soma”.

This drug eliminates every feeling. If you feel sad, take a Soma. If you are overly excited or ambitious, take a Soma. Another method is how it is a norm to sleep around with other people frequently. In today’s society if you practice “free love” or do not have emotionally attached sex then you are awfully judged and are pegged names that deem you somebody not to get close to. In “Brave New World” the opposite is so, and if you have sex with a person regularly you are then criticized. This operates control in order to detach love from sex, for love is a feeling which would separate you in this world. John the Savage is an excellent example for what happens when a nonconformist steps foot into this society. After his displeasing trip, he tries to change the way things are run. He spreads word of how he was raised. Even hearing the word “mother” gives people there an uncomfortable feeling because they were not raised, they were not nurtured, they were engineered. After all is said and done John is banished, but before he can reach that point he simply falls to depression causing his most unfortunate suicide at the end of the book. To conform is an easy task for the simple minded. It is a meager achievement to breeze through life without questioning outside of what you are taught to accept. To go above and beyond displays a true thinker, someone worth remembering for what they believed- a nonconformist.

Orwell vs Huxley

Society was greatly under the impact of the work of Orwell’s 1984, mesmerized by its puzzling message it left on people. The result from this novel left them in panic and shock. Neil Postman, a modern social critic was a person who derailed this misconception and highlighted upon the similarly dreadful social values of Huxley’s Brave New World to base his assertions on.

This potential slump is implemented by our society’s laziness and absence of any understanding of our history, which could further drag us as a population to the unavoidable of the awful society that Huxley has sculpted, the caring injustice that starkly contrasts to Orwell’s less irrelevant injustice under force.

Work is frequently the bane of lots of people’s existence in our society, however why else would man develop the alarm clock, Picasso when stated. Our society is exceptionally lazy, for we must “take into consideration man’s almost infinite cravings for distractions.” Modern innovations such as the television only aided in heightening this impact.

Tv programs such as Honey Boo gathered more views than the Republican politician Convention itself when it initially aired, revealing the apparent ignorance and intrinsic laziness of our society.

If we catch this very same laziness, it only makes it much easier as a population for the federal government to control and abuse us for a many amount of time, quickly making the most of our prospective unfamiliarity of current occasions and other crucial news, therefore, making us, a gullible society, a simple target for the government to select through the best satisfaction as specified by Huxley’s Brave New World. In addition, our society is immature and young, specified by their consistent quarrels of each other, and for reprehensible reasons to support.

For as long as humans existed, as an innovative race, we could never obtain a high level of peace and prosperity for extended periods of time with one another, only working for the advantage of themselves and not on a typical goal. Such significant occasions include the melancholic period of the 20th century, World War 2, in which Hitler mercilessly butchered countless Jews for the service of a non-existent Aryan race when he might have utilized that exact same time to peacefully repair the issues in a more humane matter.

This event proves the animalistic and manipulative nature of humans when given some immense power. As a result, these examples emphasize Postman’s beliefs of Brave New World and reinforce the message within the novel, proving to be a completely possible prediction if we keep allowing ourselves to be “drowned in a sea of irrelevance, -to adore the technologies that undo [our] capacities to think.”

The passage of time flows on without hesitation and history is forever emblazoned in its forever extending ribbon; human history is no exception as time violently twists and turns toward the present. We increasingly find the importance of history in our education to be utmost crucial, in that way, not only do we know ourselves as humans better, but also prevent disastrous mistakes made by previous humans and civilizations again in the future.

As profound as it is, its relevance in society is slowly fading as people are slowly losing this vital knowledge to the point of being merely esoteric to select individuals. Postman predicts that because of this, he, as well as the author, Huxley fears “that we would be reduced to passivity and egoism.” Scarily, it could come true, given the right pre-requisites. It’s apparent that our history is slowly disappearing from minds left and right: society itself is proof of what a terrible feat is currently being undergone if not stopped. As people glue themselves onto TV’s and other distractions, it’s seemingly impossible to persuade an audience to learn history, even if it was a short and concise lesson.

This butchering of history is further exercised by the History Channel itself. Its name, self explanatory, is not a history channel in itself, despite what it persuades you to think it appears. It has been reduced to a mere entertainment channel in which broadcasts many programs completely irrelevant to history such as several truckers traveling across Arctic regions and hillbilly folk. What purpose does this serve for history? Channels with historical content are few and far between and the History Channel proves to be a hollow shell with little historical substance from time to time as to The Learning Channel and MTV within their own rights.

The effects are disastrous that if left untreated, society will be left uninformed and unable to create decisions based on the context of history, only spearheading the collapse of society or the formation of a dystopia. This easily means that anyone or anything could easily control a mass of people without backlash, as if we were a mass of zombies. Greater contribution towards the expanding insignificance of history is the desensitization of it as well.

The desensitization of history is the decreasing emotional response toward history or an altogether different response toward the subject. Movies, novels, and even works of art provide the greatest examples of the romanticizing of history at its worst. People commonly draw conclusions that these situations depicted in these forms are greater or even worse than they actually are in reality; this results in the complete misconception of their history and thus forms a desensitizing bond toward that particular strand of human history.

If this were to occur on such a widespread scale on a very broad audience, our under-estimation of history would be merely reduced to “a trivial culture, preoccupied with some equivalent of the feelies, the orgy porgy, and the centrifugal bumblepuppy.” In the end, we would be subject to complete control of an oppressive force if we haven’t possess the knowledge to counter those who wish to rule the government, essentially a society without a base to support itself if deprived of its roots.

As grim as Huxley’s Brave New World’s take on society is, all is not lost as we have the willpower to support ourselves all the way through the discords of time. Huxley and Orwell feared that our society was too lazy for its own good. This may be true to an extent, but perhaps reasons behind this explanation are that we are simply far too advanced. It may well be understood that society has gotten too complacent as we reached far levels higher in groups such as technology than our ancestors have ever hoped to achieve within their lifetime.

This probably resulted in a more lenient tone amongst society in most modern areas such as the United States and viewed to be problematic by a few contemporaries. Collapse seems far too unlikely to occur under these conditions. We are people who are standing on top of pillars of previous civilizations who helped shape and perfect the ideal society, however, it is debatable that such a society is able to foster such minds to think beyond normality and thus spawned many enriched works of literature such as Brave New World and 1984. With such a rich human history combined, theories like these may question the boundary of what reality is and what fiction is.

We also believe that the history of ourselves would soon fade from existence due to society’s toll on our humanity. However, it simply isn’t possible for history to disappear off the face of the Earth for reasons that transcend upon human personality. As we are human, we cannot control our influences that shape who we are and evidently our interests. These interests could be anything and history is a prime example of one of the multitudes of interests in the world.

This is manifested by the constant discoveries of many historical artifacts and evidence that further supply our thirst for history, to obtain a complex view of the world that was once modern. We can’t assume everyone is void of this knowledge, but it doesn’t mean it’s impossible to learn the basics and fundamentals of it, as challenging as it may seem. Postman may believe that society may soon fall as we know it, but it proves no means that we are ignorant, cynical, and dimwitted by nature.

In conclusion, Postman was a social critic who based his social ideas on Huxley’s Brave New World. It was under the assumption that society’s laziness and the seemingly esoteric knowledge of history amongst people would prove to be catalysts towards disaster and strengthen the ideas of a bleak society, namely a society controlled through our pleasure.

However, reality is a threshold that holds this idea in place as it must be taken account of the uniqueness of human beings and the analysis of truly how advanced our society is and the long strides it took to get where we are today. Postman often pondered on the thought of what we would do to society, but the question still remains of what would society do to us?

Fahrenheit 451 and Brave New World

Fahrenheit 451, by Ray Bradbury is a futuristic view of a society and its people’s roles. This prophetic novel, first written and published in the early 1950s, is set in a future where books, and the ideas they represent and manifest, are burned to prevent disruptions in society. Furthermore, TV is everyone’s drug of choice, and independent thinking is basically illegal. Its central character, Guy Montag, is a fireman responsible to that society for ensuring those burnings takes place, but an unexpected chain of events leads him to question both himself and the society in which he lives.

Bradbury employs the extravagance of life today. In addition to the advancement in technology and numerous occupations, in order to show how life would become if the future drastically turns for the worse. In future world of Bradbury there are ironic reversals of roles for people and things that one would have once taken comfort in, such as the role of the fireman, or the nature of a dog.

Aldous Huxley also uses a similar concept, a society that is out of control, in his book Brave New World, which deals with a man living in a changed society. Brave New World by Aldous Huxley Published in 1932, is a futuristic society in which the individual is sacrificed for the state, science is used to control and subjugate, and all forms of art and history are outlawed. In short, the book fits into the classic mold of “dystopian” literature.

Huxley expects his readers to consider the role of science and literature of the future world. Unlike Fahrenheit 451, Brave New World includes a group of people unaffected by the alterations in society, a group that holds religious beliefs and marriage, to compare and contrast today’s lifestyle to the proposed lifestyle of the future. One theme that both Brave New World and Fahrenheit 451 share is of individual discovery by rejecting a passive approach to life and dystopian society. In Brave New World the main characters the “Savage” John and Bernard Marx eventually realize the errors within their own culture. Guy Montag, the protagonist in Fahrenheit 451, starts to realize that society could be better, but due to some events that are out of controlled by advanced technologies, little value placed on the importance of relationships between people and the ban of reading books. Montag is forced out on his own, missing from society, to live his life with others like himself who have similar beliefs toward society. Marx, from a civilized culture, questions why his society lacks history. He wonders why his society lacks books and why they were banned just because they are old and supposedly is not an encouragement to the new culture.

By visited a reservation, a home of an “uncivilized” culture for savages, Marx is able to view first-hand information of how life and society use to be. Later he tries to combine some of what he saw into his work as an advertising agent. From this contrast with the other culture, Marx realizes more about himself as well. His view of things that confused him became more understanding. In “Brave New World” the citizens who are lucky enough to be in a higher class enjoy a variety of pleasures from a drug called Soma to sex with multiple partners. What is unique about the society in “Brave New World” is that the conflict cannot be discerned unless one digs deeper into the inner workings of the society. When that is accomplished one realizes that the society is built on the extreme views, such as abolishment of religion, that are only theoretical in our time but are practical in the novel. One of the most notable aspects of the novel is its use of scientific concepts. The society in the novel has become so reliant on science and technology that they have replaced the biological process of child birth with a more mechanized assembly line type of system. John, often referred to as “the Savage” because he was able to leave the reservation with Marx to go to London, also has a hard time adjusting to the drastic changes.

The son of two members of the modern society was born and raised on the reservation but, he learned from his mother the values and the customs of the “civilized” world while living in a unique culture. These concepts, human reaction to changes in their culture and questioning of these changes, are plain throughout the book. Huxley’s characters either conform to society’s demands for uniformity or rebel or begin a process of discovery; there are no people in the middle. Huxley makes his own views of man and society evident. He shows that those who conform to the “new world” become less human, but those who actively question the new values of society realize the truth about society and people in general. An example of this is Huxley’s views of drugs as an escape. The conforming members of society used widely a drug called soma, which induces hallucinations and escapes from the conscious world for two to eight hour periods. Those very few who did not, John included, did not because they thought the drug either unclean or an easy escape, one not needed in a society aiming at making life very simple.

By refusing to follow in this escape from reality, John is ultimately able to break from society and define his own destiny. Alike Brave New World, Fahrenheit 451 shares a similar theme of a character lost in his society. As Montag live his life he begins to realize things that he didn’t know existed and later is able to see through the government and the official policies of his society. He does so by gradually beginning to question aspect of society, which most people simply accept as fact. Montag’s job as a fireman serves as a setting to show how people passively accept the absurdity of their society. Instead of rushing to put out fires, as firemen do today, Montag rushes to start fires, burning the books and homes of people reported to have books. This was considered by most people to be a respectable profession. But on different occasions Montag took a book out of burning homes and want from time to time to read them.

From this, he begins to question the values of his society. Fahrenheit 451 also relates to Brave New World with the concept when characters escape from reality through the use of soma, Montag’s wife, and many other characters, escape through watching a sophisticated form of television. This television system covers three of the walls of the Montag’s TV has a control unit that allows the watchers to interact with the characters on the program. Another unit inserts Mrs. Montag’s name into specific places, thus creating the image they the characters are actually conversing with her. Montag’s wife, having only a few friends that she rarely sees, spends much of her day in this room, watching a program called “The Family.” This program was a government sponsored program that showed the viewers what life at home should be like. Furthermore in Fahrenheit 451, the problem that Montag’s wife takes the program as a substitute for reality. She is almost addicted to the program, much as people were with soma in Brave New World. Bradbury uses this television and its programs as a way of showing the escape he is worried people will look for in the future. Without actively questioning society’s values, he is concerned that people will look for ways to idly spend their time.

But like Marx, Montag chooses not to take part in this addiction. By refraining, he can see the affects it’s use has on the people around him, much as Marx and more importantly John the Savage saw in their culture. While sharing many similarities thus the have many differences. For instance, Montag’s society is used to constantly being at war. Even though the wars last only a day or less, they serve as an element of control for the ruling group and as another technological display. In contrast, Brave New World’s society features “peace.” The inhabitants have been conditioned to think that mindless pleasure seeking and stability are key to happiness. They view the controllers as taking care of them and preventing “unpleasantness” such as war. In true Bradbury fashion, Fahrenheit 451 warns more against the dangers of an overdependence on technology than it does against overreaching governments. Brave New World does feature technology being used to control, but Huxley seems to be more concerned with illuminating how ruling parties obtain and keep power through a variety of methods.

While the endings of both novels mirror the conclusions of other dystopian works, they are quite different from one another. Fahrenheit 451 concludes with reserved optimism. Montag has managed to escape Captain Beatty and the hound and even the destruction of the city and begins his life with the likeminded “Book People.” In Brave New World, John cannot live within the confines of his society and commits suicide. Both authors try to show that with life made easier by strong government control and a lack of personal involvement people will no longer spend their time thinking, questioning or developing their own ideas. Through these various diversions from normal behavior in society, Marx, John the Savage and Guy Montag are able to see the truths behind the societies they live in and are able to learn about themselves. And though their discoveries meant that their lives would be changed forever, the authors succeeded in showing that the key to humanity lies in thinking and questioning. These men found themselves through their own discoveries, much as Bradbury and Huxley hope others will do.

Themes in “Brave New World”

The theme of happiness is central to the story. However, different characters find happiness in different things. The new world offers physical satisfaction and psychological ease through sex and drugs but people like Bernard, John etc. want freedom, self expression, poetry and individuality to feel truly happy. The overall structure of the new world promotes physical desire as happiness. It quells the search for personal meaning and truth. However, few individual characters like John find problem in accepting the same and try to challenge the status quo.

Freedom

The story highlights the social cages designed to limit individual freedom and expression of curiosity. The new world presents ability to have physical intimacy with anyone and have as much as drugs as possible, as a freedom to have fun. However, in reality, it is an illusion of freedom and every human being is treated as a machine and ordered to follow the same programme of lust and drugs. The independence to form one’s own rules and thoughts is quelled and every person is expected to desire the same things irrespective of their individual values and opinions.

Technology

The story paints a stark picture of the use of science and technology to control and condition people into a life of monotony and uniformity. From biological control to psychological entanglement, the state (in the story) uses cutting edge technology to control its own people and kill any form of individuality or rebellion. Here, science does not represent an exploration of the unknown but only creation of an elusive world to hypnotize its citizens and control every aspect of their lives.

Utilitarism

The story highlights the principle of pleasure and pain under the utilitarianist theory. It states that a society should aim to maximize pleasure for the maximum number of people and minimize their pain. In the story, the state does the same when it tries to create a society that revels in physical pleasure and happiness. If people still feel pain or dissatisfaction, they are encouraged to take up drugs to soothe their anxieties. The writer tries to explain, through the new world, the dangers of relying on the principle of such theoretical concepts of pleasure and pain.

Distortion and Literary Realism in Brave New World

In the dystopian novel, Brave New World, Aldous Huxley presents a horrifying view of a future in which society has become imprisoned by the very technology it believed would bring freedom. Huxley’s distortion of technology, religion, and family values in Brave New World is far more persuading than his use of literary realism in depicting the savage reservation. Through distortion, Huxley is able to make his arguments more effectively, and cause speculation over whether or not what a person wishes for is actually what they truly desire.

Huxley effectively uses distortion in Brave New World through his depiction of social values of the future. When Barnard Marx hears somebody talking about Lenina “as though she were a bit of meat,” he becomes upset (45). Leaving the building, both the Assistant Predestinator and Henry Foster recommend soma for his bad mood. Their reaction shows that drug use is becoming an increasingly acceptable way out for a weak society. The depiction of drug use shows that society is becoming emotionally incapable of dealing with pain and hurt.

Furthermore, while speaking with the director of the London Hatchery, the students are disgusted and outraged when told that at one time people were viviparous. Huxley is trying to warn society that its lack of commitment and endurance will eventually be its downfall.

The emotional ties between parents and children are severed due to the non-existence of mothers and fathers. An emotionless society feels no guilt, and if one feels no personal guilt, society as a whole will feel no guilt if it lets itself be destroyed. In addition, Lenina, when accused of lack of promiscuity by Fanny, fervently denies it. Lenina denies this because Monogamy requires commitment, pain, and work, all of which oppose the stability of her society. Huxley is distorting the problems of his time to create a prediction in which humans have progressed to a society of people who are unable to focus on anything but pleasure; unable to handle the work of a commitment or the pain of emotion.

Huxley also uses distortion to bring attention to the importance of religion. Bernard Marx hurries and frets about being late to his orgy-porgy session not because he cares that he is running behind, but because he must keep up his appearance (79). The orgy-porgy session depicts a religion in which only physical desires are fulfilled, leaving any emotional or intellectual needs to feed upon the individual. Huxley’s prediction of the church moving away from God and towards man is shockingly correct 70 years after his book was published. Church figures have appeared numerous times on the news for using the church for money, perversion, and sex. Furthermore, when Bernard and Lenina visit the reservation they are appalled at the religion of those on the Savage Reservation.

Their reaction is a warning that lack of religious tolerance could be one of the greatest downfalls of our time. Thousands of men, women and children die in Middle Eastern Holy Wars, over nothing more than lack of religious tolerance. In addition, Lenina wears the sign of the T instead of a cross. While the cross represents faith, intangible, yet real if one believes in it, the T stands for technology, something that even the weak can believe in because it can always be seen. The presence of faith is a sign of a strong society; lack of faith a sign that a society is becoming weak.

The most powerful distortion in -Brave New World is found in Huxley’s use of technology. The Director of the London Hatchery is very proud they have produced ninety-six buds from one egg. The joys and intimacy of motherhood have been replaced by the “benefits” of technology. The new society finds delight in being able to reproduce ninety-six identical people. There is no ambition, no individuality, no creativity; it is truly a bleak society. Furthermore, while the students are being given a tour of the hatchery, they are extremely impressed that children are not only decanted, but they are predestined also. Children grow up and know one job and no other, they are taught nothing but that one job.

They aren’t allowed to dream and aren’t allowed to hope.  Due to the conditioning they are put through, they never even have the ability to think of how life might be better. In addition, Mustapha Mond, one of the seven world leaders, is referred to as His Fordness. Henry Ford is the god of the Brave New World. Society has replaced what is associated with beauty, nature, and creativity, with a man who invented the assembly line, a process designed to stamp out thousands of identical, interchangeable parts. Huxley’s distortion forces people to seriously consider the future of society. Are we going to become the exact same replaceable person? Creativity brought the technology, but will the technology destroy creativity?

The Use of Satire in Brave New World

Brave New World, written by Aldous Huxley is a utopian novel that uses satire to a great extent. Brave New World takes place in the future, where people are no longer born, and are artificially created. People are placed into five classes before birth and are conditioned to like what they do, and not to think for themselves. Throughout the book Huxley uses satire against religion, family and society.

In this futuristic world, a religion exists that opposes what religion stands for today.

First of all, the God that the people worship is Henry Ford, the inventor of the conveyor belt and the model-T. They worship Ford because of his vision to increase production by having his workers add the same part to multiple cars during the day. Instead of the sign of the cross that is performed in Christianity, the futuristic citizens make a “T” on their chest, as in the model-T he invented. Instead of saying “O God!” they say “O Ford!” In the book, Christianity is considered a plague of the past.

The world controller says that Christianity controlled what people did and thought and restricted the fun that people could have. The new religion was all about fun and sex. They are taught to almost never be alone but when they are they are to take soma, a perfect drug that eliminates thinking with no hangover afterwards, and recite sayings while having sex with one another.

Brave New World is also a satire against the current, modern family. The word “mother” is considered an insult in their society, and the word “father” is considered a joke, something to laugh at. The world controller, Mustapha Mond made several references to how corrupt and wrong the family was. Two parents who knew little about parenting were expected

To raise the country’s future productive citizens. There were always conflicts at home, unlike at the beautiful, educational conditioning centers in the new world.

John being called a savage shows irony in Brave New World. John is the character that most resembles today’s values. He does not want to have sex with Lenina, even though she wants him to. He wants to marry her and express his devotion to her in some way, two foreign concepts to Lenina. Lenina rejects this, and just starts taking her clothes off. Throughout the end of the book, John tries to get people to think, but to no avail. John Savage is the voice of reason.

Brave New World is a novel full of satire in many different topics like organized religion, families, and society. I think Huxley saw that we have no technological limits and if we abuse it this is what will happen. It’s kind of like a reminder of not letting this get out of control.