Seven Commandments of Animal Farm

In George Orwell’s Animal Farm which is on the subject of the existence of a society of animals living on the Manor Farm.

One first thinks that this novel is about the animals living in a farm from the title. But as the story goes on, it gradually begins to make the readers understand the depth content of the workings of society in Communist Russia. George has accurately compared the society of human to the animals to the animals living in the Manor Farm. In this novel, author has compared the Russian revolution, where animals represent the significant personage and act as the leaders in the Russian Community. Animals are used to demonstrate the operation of the communist class system and how the citizens(people) respond to this and the effect of the leadership by early Russian leaders such as Stalin on the behavior of the people of Russia. For instance, the Old Major makes the speech to other animals about the idea of revolution.

Since he dies before the beginning of the revolution, it could be compared to the Karl Marx, whose ideas set to the Communist revolution in motion. The seven commandments are consider as one of the important step in the revolution which changed by the rulers of the Farm. This paper talks about how the seven commandments were altered during throughout the story and whether it reflects the message of the Communist Manifesto.

After the rebellion took place in Manor Farm, it changed to Animal Farm where the set of laws was introduced to the citizens of the farm by the leaders. The set of laws which are known as The Seven Commandment are said to be “form an unalterable law by which all animals on Animal Farm must live forever after.”(Orwell) These Commandments were so important that they were painted by Snowball and Squealer “in giant white letters that could be read from thirty yards away.”(Orwell) The original Seven Commandments ran as:

Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy.

Whatever goes upon four legs or has wings, is a friend.

No animal shall sleep in a bed

No animal shall drink alcohol.

No animal shall kill other animal.

No animal shall wear clothes.

All animals are equal.

These commandments were to be followed by all the animals living on the farm at all times regardless. As one can think from the reading, the simplest phrase that explains these commandments is “Four legs good, two legs bad.” As time passed by, the commandments were altered by the rulers of the farm. Napoleon (the pig who emerges as the leader of Animal Farm after rebellion) who very cleverly broke the commandment and reintroduced as “four legs good, two legs are better” Even though the first two commandments state that anyone on two legs is bad and should not be allowed in the farm, they were wracked in the first year. Since the pigs started walking on two legs, the first commandment was violated and more over, the hero of the Battle of the Cowshed, Snowball turned into an enemy of the Farm as he was thrown out by Napoleon and allowing trading through Mr. Whymper resulting in violation of commandments .

The pigs moved back in to the farm house which result into alteration of the first commandments. The third commandment restricts animals of the farm to sleep in the bed which was forced to change by Napoleon with the modification of the commandment by adding “with sheets.” After the rebellion took place in the farm, the first commandment overruled which was being “all animals equal.” As we read thru out the story the pigs were keep on changing the “unalterable laws” for their comfort just like we saw above with sleeping in the bed. According to Napoleon, sleeping on beds is not a major change yet it was not allowed earlier since humans lived on the farm slept on the bed. The pigs changed the commandment so wisely that the other animals of the farm didn’t think as the violation of the commandment.

The next commandment to change is “No animal shall kill other animal”. This happens not long after the confessions and executions of animals on the farm that were supposed traitors and in league with Snowball. After these executions, again Muriel, Clover and also Benjamin plus some other animals felt this did not square with this commandment. Once again, the pigs have changed the Commandments in order to justify their actions. The animals read the Commandment they though did not agree, “No animal shall kill other animal without cause”, and then the animals see how really the Commandments had not been violated.

The next commandment to change is when Napoleon abuses his power and made life harder for other animals. The pigs impose more control while reserving privileges for themselves. Squealer justifies every statement Napoleon makes, even the pigs’ alteration of the Seven Commandments of Animalism. “No animal shall drink alcohol” is changed to “No animal shall drink alcohol to excess” when the pigs discover the farmer’s whisky.

One would never think that pigs ever made change to the commandment about the clothes as they were enough powerful to rule other animals. The seventh commandment explains that all animals in the world are treated equally without distinction. Instead of considering the commandments as “unalterable laws,” they were replaced by worthless slogan “All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others,” which is totally opposite to with what they were introduced to other animals.

Orwell has used images to make his argument stronger. He has used events to help readers to understand his thoughts. While reading, we develop a feeling of sadness inside getting attach emotionally to the story. Orwell writes in a way to targets readers emotions because they have the ability to experience and feel the pain suffered by the animals in the farm. The following scene could create a strong sorrow to the readers “So Napoleon, with the help of his dogs, slaughters anyone who is said to be disloyal. The tale of confessions and executions went on, until there was a pile of corpses lying before Napoleon’s feet and the air was heavy with the smell of blood, which had been unknown there since the expulsion of Jones.” To top it off, Napoleon outlaws Beasts of England, which had served as one of the only remaining ties between Animal Farm and old Major?” (Orwell 65).

In conclusion, it is clear that George Orwell intended his novel to allegorically represent the figures and events of the Russian Revolution, and through the characters of Mr. Jones as Czar Nicholas, Old Major as Karl Marx, and Napoleon as Joseph Stalin, Animal Farm makes a profound statement regarding the abuse of power. The animals began their revolution with the best intentions. However, their noble ideas of a utopian society where “all animals are created equal” gradually deteriorated into a totalitarian state with a cruel and unjust dictator which, of course, mirrors the chain of events that turned Marx’s dream of a classless society into the nightmare of Stalin’s ruthless regime. This evil cycle of rebellion, power, and then corruption is best described by Barbara Tuchman: “Every successful revolution puts on in time the robes of the tyrant it has deposed.”

Work Cited

Orwell, George. George Orwell’s Animal Farm. New York: Nick Hern Books, 2004. Print

Coffin, Judith G., and Robert C. Stacey. Western Civilizations. 16th ed. Vol. 2. 500 Fifth Ave, New York, N.Y. 10110: Norton & Company, 2008. Print.

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Animal Farm Essay

Animal Farm by George Orwell is a compelling book that represents the Russian revolution.

Although viewing through the eyes of animals may seem like a childish concept, George does well into making sure that the book carries out the message of revolution. I, t believe that George showed that Animal Farm was influence of the Russian revolution by the naming of the naming of the three pigshe condition of the farm, and because of the story’s plot.

Many of the animals in Animal Farm show some sort of connection with the Russian revolution. Most animals either represent a group of people, or an in/famous person. As the story starts to evolve from the rebellion to the Battle for the Windmill, the reader notices how the animals start to change. When Mr. Jones gets expelled for the farm, 3 smart pigs take of the farm: Squealer, Snowball, and Napoleon. These three animals all represent dictators the had a part in the Russian revolution. The most significant part about the names given to the pigs is that they all symbolize the dictators perfectly. Napoleon was a tough, fierce looking boar but was not much of a talker. This would symbolize Vladimir Lenin., the man who took the place as dictator after Tsar Nikolas II stepped down. Squealer’s name was the identity of Joseph Stalin, the man who kept on “stalling” the people by giving quick, persuasive speeches on how Lenin was improving the country. Snowball is then given to Trotsky because like Snowball, Trotsky split up with Lenin. In Animal Farm, these three pigs basically reenact what took place during the Russian revolution: betrayal, propaganda, and communism. Perhaps the best device Orwell used here was how he portrayed the three dictators as pigs, which shows how the name and appearance of the characters in this book are significant and related to the revolution. A reason I believe Animal Farm is about the Russian Revolution, was the choice of naming for the pigs

During the whole book, Animal Farm was in very poor condition. During the beginning, Manor farm was a horrid place to live: with little food and lots of work everyday, it portrayed what Russia looked like during the time of revolution. Only during the early stages of the revolution was the economy slightly better than once before. Each time that Orwell describes the farm, it is always in a different condition, one which usually matched the condition of Russia. When Napoleon was ruling, the farm was in great economic trouble: the animals were always hungry while the pigs and dogs had enough to eat. This shows that the economy did not actually improve the animal’s lives, but instead started to benefit the other, higher members of society which is exactly what the Russian revolution resulted in. The condition of the house was a symbol of Russia’s state which shows how Animal Farm is connected with the Russian revolution.

The final way that Orwell connects both Animal Farm and the Russian revolution, was by the plot of the story. During the entire book, all of the events that took place had at least some little significance with the Russian revolution. When Napoleon oppressed the animals by killing them, it was portraying what was known as Bloody Sunday. At the beginning of the novel, when Old Major is giving the speech about rebellion, it was all inspired by the old man known as Karl Marx. Even the event in which Mollie leaves shows the connection between the two. The easiest event to determine the the two, was most likely the scene were Boxer is taking away. If you think back to the revolution and back to Boxer’s motto ( I will try harder), you can easily see the Boxer is representing Russia’s working class. Because Russia’s working class was so loyal to Napoleon, most of them ended up for worse then before, and even worse, is the fact that Napoleon tossed away these people as if they were tools. The exact same can be said for the Russian revolution. Lenin abused his people and Orwell demonstrates it very clearly and profoundly.

I believe that George showed that Animal Farm was influence of the Russian revolution by the naming of the naming of the three pigs, the condition of the farm, and because of the story’s plot. By renaming and reassigning of few characters and events, George Orwell has described the revolution into a book that can is comprehensive to both little kids and young adults.

Qualities of good leader

A good leader is supposed to help their followers when they are in need, lead them to a better place and guide them into reaching their goals and accomplishing tasks. However, some leaders are only in their position because they want power to manipulate their followers to benefit themselves and to get what they want. In the novel “Animal Farm”, the author George Orwell shows the consequences when a leader (Napoleon and his assistant Squealer) has absolute power and only cares for himself, and how many of his followers (the rest of the animals on the farm) suffered under his control.

At the beginning of the story, Napoleon and the pigs started off with good intentions and it seems like they are doing a fairly good job at leading the farm and the animal by giving persuasive speeches to get the animals to rebel against Jones. When the rebellion first started, the pigs always tell the animals how they should work together as a group.

They gained their trust by patiently teaching them the alphabet, as well as how to read and write. Snowball always tries to use new methods to improve the animal’s life.

For example, when the seven commandments was established, Squealer and Snowball helped to paint it on the wall. Snowball even read it outloud for all the animals because he knows that a lot of them can’t understand the writing (pg. 43). In addition to this, he also tried to get the animals more involved on the farm by creating different committees, such as the Egg Production Committee for the hens, Clean Tails League for the cows, and even reading and writing classes (pg. 49). Though these Committees weren’t very successful, but it shows how the pigs are trying to unite all the animals together and help them get used to their new life.

On the other hand, Napoleon has a very different style of leadership compared to Snowball. And as the story continues, him and Squealer began to reveal their true selves. Throughout the story, you can see the manipulation of Napoleon on the animals, he started establishing himself as a leader by lying to the animals and tricking them into thinking whatever the pigs tell them is right, and they should not oppose against them. He also uses his assistance Squealer, which is an excellent speaker and propagandist, to speak for him and mislead the animals. For example, when all the animals were confused about where all the milk and apples went, Squealer said, …You do not imagine, I hope, that we pigs are doing this in a spirit of selfishness and privilege?

Many of us actually dislike milk and apples. I dislike them myself. Our sole object in taking these things is to preserve our health He then continues to lie to the animals that it has been proved by Science that milk and apples contain necessary substances for pigs, as they are brainworkers (pg. 52). This shows how the pigs are making up excuses to cover up for themselves and fooling the animals. Adding onto this, the pigs also began to make up rules that are only beneficial to themselves.

For example, throughout the entire spring and summer, all the animals worked sixty hours per week, like slaves. And in August, Napoleon announced that there would be work on Sunday afternoons too. He stated. This work is strictly voluntary, but any animal who absented himself from it would have his rations reduced by half (pg. 73). He used the word “voluntary” to give them the idea of freedom, then threatening them with the reduction of their rations if they don’t volunteer. This shows how Napoleon and the pigs don’t really care about the animals at all, and that they’re manipulating them by giving them threats.

Furthermore, while the pigs first only started using their power for food and small benefits, their desire grew, so they began to change and break rules. For example, Napoleon announced that Animal Farm is now allowed to be engaged in trading with their neighboring farms. This resulted in confusing some of the animals, as they were told to never engage in dealings with humans, and to never make use of money. But Squealer then lies to them about the decision and asks, “Are you certain that this is not something that you have dreamed, comrades? Have you any record of such a resolution? Is it written down anywhere? (pg. 77)

The animals were soon convinced as there was no proof that it was written down. Another example would be when the pigs suddenly started to live in the farm house. But as the animals began to doubt about the resolution against this, Squealer again, convinced them by saying it’s necessary for the brainworkers of the farm to have a peaceful and quiet place to work in (pg. 79). It is later revealed that the pigs has changed the Fourth Commandment from “No animal shall sleep in a bed” to “No animal shall sleep in a bed with sheets” (pg. 79). This again shows how Napoleon and the pigs just keeps on making up excuses about why the pigs are allowed to have benefits (though it’s stated in the Seven Commandments that all animals are equal) and how the rest of the farm are treated unfairly.

In conclusion, Napoleon and the pigs do not qualify as good leaders. Though they started off with good intentions, but as the story goes on, their true selves began to reveal. They have failed to guide the animals into reaching their initial goal. Instead, they started manipulating them into fulfilling their own desires, which made the animals suffered under their controls.

Russian Revolution in “Animal Farm” by George Orwell

When Orwell was writing animal farm, His goal was to portray the Russian Revolution of 1917 as one that resulted in a government more oppressive, totalitarian, and deadly than the one it overthrew. Many of the characters and events of Orwell’s novel parallel those of the Russian Revolution. Manor Farm is a model of Russia, and old Major, Snowball, and Napoleon represent the dominant figures of the Russian Revolution. Mr. Jones is modeled on Tsar Nicholas II, the last Russian emperor.

During his reign, The Russian people experienced terrible poverty and upheaval, marked by the As the animals under Jones lead lives of hunger and want, the lives of millions of Russians worsened during Nicholas’ reign. When Russia entered World War I and subsequently lost more men than any country in any previous war, the outraged and desperate people began a series of strikes and mutinies that signaled the end of Tsarist control.

When his own generals withdrew their support of him, Nicholas abdicated his throne in the hopes of avoiding an all-out civil war, but the civil war arrived in the form of the Russian Revolution, When Nicholas was removed from his place of rule and then died shortly after.

Trosky was one of Lennin’s allies during the Russian Revolution.

Animal Farm Analysis Essay

The Disaster Of Injustice
“Among those who dislike injustice are many who like to oppress”. These are the words that rolled off the French General Napoleon Bonaparte’s tongue. This associates with Animal Farm due to the fact that all of the farm animals do not like oppression however they have a lot of oppressors amongst them. The pigs manage the farm animals in every method possible and honestly they are ill and sick of it. Animal Farm by George Orwell reveals that injustice is at the heart of a lot grief in life, which the abuse of power is at the heart of injustice.

Napoleons violence and Squealers mind-control are the 2 kinds of power and abuse that keep the bad animals oppressed. Napoleon was violent in numerous methods. First of all, he used his power to raise an army of pet dogs to end up being mean and violent much like him. Napoleon had the canines under his wing; they would do whatever he told them to do.

For instance, Napoleon was attempting to get the animals to admit to dealing with snowball. When and if they did admit to this he would command the pet dogs to eliminate them. This is one of many examples of how Napoleon uses his power to abuse the stock. Napoleon disliked Snowball; they disagreed on everything so he definitely didn’t want any of his stock dealing with his enemy. That’s not all Napoleon had the pets, or to put it simply his “slaves” do. Another example of violence is when Napoleon commanded the pet dogs to chase after Snowball off of the farm. He didn’t like the concept of sharing the power with Snowball; he wanted the power all to himself! He tried to control everybody through violence and fear. As a result of this power battle he abused not only the farm animals but also the pets by attempting to control them. Napoleon verbally, psychologically and physically abused everyone in his course. Squealer is likewise guilty of abusing his power. Squealer’s option of abuse is mind control. He is capable of making a bad circumstance seem as if it were indicated to be.

Like the time when the farm animals got suspicious when the pigs started sleeping in beds. Everyone on the farm knows that sleeping in bed goes against the commandment that states, “No animal shall sleep in a bed” When the animals built up the courage to ask the pigs what was going on, the pigs simply stated “A bed merely means a place to sleep in. The rule was against sheets, which are a human invention. We have removed the sheets from the farmhouse beds, and sleep between blankets. You would not have us too tired to carry out our duties? Surely none of you wishes to see Jones back?”(Orwell67). This is an example of slippery slope because in other words Squealer is telling the animals that if the pigs aren’t allowed to sleep in beds then they will not be able to do there duties because they will not get a good night sleep and if they cant do their duties then eventually Jones will come back. Squealer does things like this all of the time. He is known for verbally abusing the farm animals by controlling their minds. This all leads up to one thing, oppression.

Oppression is caused by the abuse of power. Napoleon wanted to be in control of everything and everyone because he was a very selfish and controlling pig. His need to be this way caused severe oppression on the farm. The farm animals were all unhappy and felt like there was no way out. Anytime they confronted the pigs, they were always given some excuse or reason why things were not the way they were supposed to be. Boxer was the hardest worker on the farm, yet he got treated the most unfair. He might not have been the most intelligent of the animals but he sure was strong and worked more than any of the others. One day, Boxer collapsed while pulling stone for the windmill. The pigs said that he would be taken to a hospital. When a cart arrived to pick Boxer up the farm animals got suspicious because the cart was sent from the slaughterhouse. Squealer quickly denounced the rumor saying that the hospital had bought the cart from the slaughterhouse and never painted over the writing.

The animals were relieved after hearing the “good news” until squealer announced that Boxer had died in the hospital. “I will work harder” and “Napoleon is always right”(Orwell 39). were Boxers two slogans. Boxer thought of Napoleon as a role model and all Napoleon thought of Boxer as, was one of his many workers. Boxer loved Napoleon. It is very sad that he was never appreciated or loved in return by Napoleon. At least Boxer will always be in the hearts of the farm animals because he was truly loved by them. This was a great and unnecessary loss, which caused much sorrow to the farm animals. This clearly shows that oppression can cause great sorrow. The abuse of power is the cause of great sorrow for many people all around the world. The Novella Animal Farm by George Orwell proves this in the life of the farm animals. Napoleon caused a lot of unhappiness and sorrow to the farm animals, which lead to great oppression on the farm. In order to keep his power, Napoleon used violence to get his way. He used
Squealer to play mind games on the animals to keep his power and to trick them into believing his lies. Oppression is a disheartening reality that affected the farm animals and continues to affect the lives of many people today.

Macbeth and Animal Farm

Both Shakespeare and Orwell present rivals as threats to their leaders’ power. Shakespeare introduces this threat through the Witches in Act 1, scene 3 when the third witch announces that Banquo ‘shall get kings’. In Macbeth’s soliloquy in Act 3, scene 2, the audience is reminded that he is predisposed with maintaining his power, now that he has become king, and illustrates that Banquo was announced as a ‘father to a line of kings’. The audience assumes that Macbeth is infertile as he feels he is unable to produce an heir as he expresses his ‘fruitless crown’ and his ‘barren sceptre’ and seems quite indignant that Banquo’s will profit from ‘the gracious Duncan’ that he has murdered.

It appears that Shakespeare is justifying Macbeth’s ruthless ambition and want to maintain power, which puts Macbeth into darker depths by having Banquo and Fleance murdered, by his lack of an heir.

Similarly, the audience is provided by Snowball as the rival to Napoleon’s absolute power in his introduction to the character in Chapter 2.

Orwell tells the reader he ‘was a more vivacious pig than Napoleon’, setting him up immediately in competition His description goes on to describe him as ‘quicker in speech and more inventive ‘. This is proven when he emerges later in Chapter 4 as the brave hero of the Battle of the Cowshed after which we see him awarded with the military decoration of ‘Animal Hero First Class’ while the reader realizes Napoleon seems to be conspicuous in his absence. Moreover, Snowball invents plans for the windmill and Orwell outlines all his creative ideas in his committees and therefore Napoleon clearly makes plans to expel him from the farm.

The key difference between Shakespeare and Orwell’s presentations is that we witness Macbeth’s thought processes and plans while Orwell keeps the reader in the dark yet offers them clues that Napoleon is not to be trusted. It comes as no surprise to the reader in Chapter 5 when Napoleon unleashes his personally educated dogs, who represent Stalin’s secret police, on Snowball. Both leaders maintain power by eradicating any competition.

http://www.enotes.com/homework-help/compare-contrast-impact-conflict-napoleon-macbeth-372660 http://www.gradesaver.com/animal-farm/q-and-a/explore-the-ways-george-orwell-and-william-shakespeare-present-conflict-in-animal-farm-macbeth-51453/ http://prezi.com/f41ewhbheqdv/animal-farm-vs-macbeth/

Comparisons between characters:
Lady Macbeth, Macbeth and Napoleon all use others to further themselves. Lady Macbeth takes advantage over Macbeth by persuading him to kill Duncan so she can have more power. Napoleon uses Squealer to take advantage of the other animals by making them their slaves and being made to believe all Napoleon’s decisions are best for the farm. Both Napoleon and Macbeth become power hungry which turns into a negative effect, both use violence to gain power by installing fear into people Macbeth’s hunger for power causes him to murder many innocent people and eventually leads to him downfall. Napoleon’s hunger for power causes him to use excessive force and make the animals do slave labor. -both Napoleon and Macbeth represent Stalin

Differences:
One is a play, one is a novel
M written in 1606 when James 1 was in power in England (birth of the Stuart regime) AF was published in August 1945 after the Russian Revolution of 1917 + predicted the Cold War.

Throughout both ‘Macbeth’ and ‘Animal Farm’ the audience can see a large amount of deceit, treachery and a lack of trust between the leaders’ and their followers. Shakespeare shows this deceit in Macbeth’s relationship with other characters where he hides his true feelings and ‘is here in double trust’. However, the audience is privy to the true thoughts of Macbeth and his wife due to their plotting in Act 1, scene 5 where Lady Macbeth tells Macbeth to ‘look like th’innocent flower/ But be the serpent under’t’ and which creates dramatic irony during the play. Similarly, Orwell’s novella ‘Animal Farm’ uses dramatic irony as the audience can see that the pigs are manipulating the animals into slave labor and although the audience is not made privy to Napoleon’s innermost thoughts, we can still see past the animals’ lack of intelligence to see the pigs are re-writing the 7 Commandments.

Animal Farm

In the novel ‘Animal Farm’, power is what destroys the farm in the end. Although power can be used for good, it can also be used for evil when too much is given. The quote “Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely” (Lord Acton) is portrayed in this book.

In the beginning of the novel, Old Major uses his power over the animals to carry through his plan of the Rebellion. It could be argued that the way he was using his power was for the good of the farm, but he took advantage of his status at the farm and used it to persuade them into doing what he wanted.

“Old Major (so he was always called, though the name under which he had been exhibited was Willingdon Beauty) was so highly regarded on the farm that everyone was quite ready to lose an hour’s sleep in order to hear what he had to say” (Orwell 25). This was the beginning of the use of power.

After Old Major had died, the power had been passed along to the other pigs Napoleon, Snowball and Squealer. This is when we start to see the power turning into evil. In the beginning they wanted to make it a truly equal society and they did this by making the Seven Commandments; one including “All animals are equal”. But throughout the book, we see that the pigs become the ‘leaders’, which therefore means that everyone is not equal. The pigs naturally have the power because of their intellect. “The pigs did not actually work, but directed and supervised others. With their superior knowledge it was natural that they should assume the leadership” (Orwell 45). The pigs use their superior knowledge and their power to brainwash and convince the other animals of whatever they wanted them to think or do. They would change the commandments to whatever suited them, and the other animals would just follow along because “Napoleon is always right”. The pigs would twist their own words, like voluntary, to make them think they had freedom. “This work was strictly voluntary, but any animal who absented himself from it would have his rations reduced by half” (Orwell 73).

Wherever there is power, there is always conflict. Napoleon and Snowball were both in power, but Napoleon wanted it all for himself so he got rid of Snowball with his dogs. After this everything got worse. Napoleon had all the power to himself, which made him greedy and evil. There was food shortages and hard labour for everyone but the pigs. The pigs had special treatment like living in the farmhouse and sleeping in beds. “It was absolutely necessary, he said, that the pigs, who were the brains of the farm, should have a quiet place to work in” (Orwell 79). The pigs used their power for these benefits. Eventually Napoleon was ‘elected’ president. He used his power to make the animals think they were voting, but really there was only one candidate.

At the end of the book we find out that all of the hard work put into the Rebellion and into getting rid of the humans to make the animals lives better, was all a waste of time. The power got to the pigs heads and made them turn the farm into something even worse than it was before. The pigs had turned into exactly what they were fighting to get rid of. The abuse of power is what made the pigs become like humans. “Twelve voices were shouting in anger, and they were all alike. No question, now, what had happened to the faces of the pigs. The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which” (Orwell 139).

Power can mean many different things. In ‘Animal Farm’, power was abused and was used for evil. It was used to take control over others, and to take away their freedom. This novel proves that equality in a society is impossible to achieve. The need to have and to gain power will always get in the way of being a truly equal society.

Animal farm essay on squealer

Throughout the play squealer is responsible for bringing about changes on animal farm after jones is expelled. In this essay I’m going to explain why.

In the extract, squealer is trying to convince the animals that the pigs are doing everything for the animals and for the farm. The pigs are taking all the privileges on the farm for themselves. Squealer threatens the animals by saying ‘do you know what would happen if we pigs failed in our duty?

Jones would come back! Yes, jones would come back!’ He uses rhetorical questions on this as he doesn’t want the animals to answer him because he doesn’t want them to think.

He will do the thinking for them. The animals defineately don’t want mr jones back and squealer scares the animals into thinking that they’re doing all they can to prevent jones coming back. He uses this to control the animals.

Squealer tries the convince the animals that they are sacrificial in what they do and by eating the milk and apples they arnt a privelege but its a ‘hardship’.

‘You do not imagine. I hope we pigs are doing the selfishness and privilege?’- he tells lies and convinces the animals that this is the way it should be. He’s responsible for the change on animal farm as he tells the animals what napoleon told him to and because the animals are so gullible they just believe him. He exploits the animals in jones’ return.

When he is first introduced he was a ‘brilliant talker’. The animals said he could ‘turn black into white’ meaning he makes bad things look good. His importance is clearly suggested. His introduction to the fable is longer than snowballs or napoleons.

Squealer is napoleons henchman and will ensure that napoleon becomes more unapproachable and secure. His leadership presented is as ‘sacrifices ‘, ‘extra labour’ not a ‘pleasure’ but a ‘deep and heavy reasonsibility.’

After napoleons announcement, squealer made a round of the farm and set the animal’s ‘mind rest.’ His confidence ‘assured them’, persuading them to doubt their own memories asking ‘have you and record…’ And ‘is it written?’ When the pigs move into the farmhouse, squealer persuades by what seems ‘logical’ arguments. The pigs who were ‘the brains’ are justified, they deserve priveleges as squealer agues.

Squealers ‘excellent speeches’ are partly clichés, ‘joy of service’ ‘dignity of labour’. Here propaganda is less effective than inspiration example boxer. When challenged by boxes, squealer uses napoleon as the supreme authority. Squealers manipulation of historical evidence is crucial to his success. As usual, he has brilliant tactics- vivid account effective ‘performance’ questions making animals doubt themselves.

When boxer dies the animals are very sad and squealer uses euphemistic termonology ‘readjustment’ rather that ‘reduction’. This is a deliberate and effective distortion of the truth. The animals were glad to believe squealer as it was the easiest things to do so. Squealer is full of mock sympathy and uses it as an oppurtunity to praise napoleon and suggests his case for boxer.

Animal Farm Study Questions Chapter 6-10

1. The animals are doing a lot of work because they have to get the windmill done. 2. Napoleon decides to trade with the neighboring farms because the can’t afford to let the windmill go undone and the animals are starving. 3. The animals’ reaction is that they are shocked but decide it is necessary that Napoleon trades with the neighboring farms. 4. The windmill is destroyed by the wind that knocked it over. Napoleon blames Snowball because he wants to make Snowball seem like an even worse person.

5. Napoleon orders that the hens’ eggs be sold because the farm needs more grain and for hundred eggs a week is what they need to get the grain they need to survive until the summer. 6. The way Napoleon acts is that he makes it where anyone who takes the hens food or any supply will be punished and he needs the eggs. 7. The animals confess to being traitors because they believe that they deserve what the other animals got from them.

Chapter VII and Chapter IX

1. The purpose is to show that the animals are not living off worse than before they rebelled against Jones. 2. Napoleon is becoming more and more like a typical dictator because he is taking over the animals’ natural rights and he is making it where they can’t do certain things. He’s becoming just like Jones. 3. Napoleon outwits himself by making sure he had money up front aside from a pay-me-back and when he does that, he gets counterfeit money instead. 4. What makes the battle against Frederick’s men different from the Battle of the Cowshed of that Frederick’s men had guns this time and were able to kill more animals than last time.

5. The whiskey incident is when Napoleon drinks too much alcohol and is on his deathbed but he soon recovers. 6. The living conditions are harsh considering the pigs and dogs can take what they want because they have to vicious dogs to control the other animals. 7. Napoleon allows Moses to come back and tell his stories because it keeps the animals working hard and it keeps them from realizing what a jerk and over powerful man Napoleon is becoming and it
keeps them from having thoughts of rebellion.

Chapter X

1. The changes that the years have brought to the farm are that Jones has died and it may not be as bad as Jones’s time but it’s well on it’s way there. 2. Orwell makes fun of bureaucracy by exaggerating the way Napoleon is becoming human. 3. The animals feel that their farm is better off than it was before the rebellion but they are still not getting what they deserve from the upper animals. 4. They kill off the animals because they betrayed them.

5. The new commandment is All animals are equal. But some are more equal than others. It has been true from the beginning because the pigs took over in the beginning and they started taking more and more of the animals’ rights away as they went . They started to believe that they were better than everyone else. 6. The pigs’ appearance starts to change when they start walking on their hind legs and at the end, the pigs become human; their faces change completely.

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Animal Farm Extended Response

Do you think Animal Farm’s message would come across effectively to someone who knows nothing about soviet history or the conflict between Stalin and Trotsky? What might such a reader make of this story?

George Orwell’s novella ‘The Animal Farm’ is directed at Russia during the Stalin era. The novella’s characters reflect on actual people during the Stalin era. The novella tells of what happened during Stalin’s reign including the controversy with Trotsky. Many of Stalin’s traits were shown through Napoleon as he made his decisions on the farm but whether or not the reader could connect it to Stalin is another matter.

For an individual to read this book and fully understand what it is talking about, the reader would definitely need a vast understanding of the era and the personality conflicts.

The novella portrays Stalin as a power hungry pig that swindles his way to the top, with the assistance of some associates as well (further pigs).

This is exactly what transpired during the soviet era when Stalin took control. For an individual to make that connection they would need to first try link the actions of Napoleon and the similarities should give it away, but for someone who doesn’t identify anything about the era then no, they have nothing to link it to, but it is still possible for the individual to notice the communism occurring throughout the farm and make the connection to the politics side of the aforementioned.

Stalin and Trotsky’s controversy is easily depicted through the two main animals, Napoleon and Snowball, but only to those who have the knowledge of their disputes. If someone without this knowledge tried to make sense of it then they wouldn’t understand the soviet side to it but they would still understand the logic in Napoleon being worried about Snowball taking first actions against him and taking him out of the picture.

George Orwell’s message in Animal Farm is quite obvious. The reader will get the message but not the social commentary. The novella includes all the historic moments of the Soviet Russian world and lifestyle even if the reader cant link it to history it still can play a big part in today’s society as it can be applied to many day to day occurrences such as family, work or generally everyday life.