“A Christmas Carol” by Charles Dickens

Bah Humbug! Yes you got it I am talking about the one and only Ebenezer Scrooge. Which means that this book report must be about the revolutionary story The Christmas Carol. Well you are right my fine fellow very right you are.

We have all heard of Ebenezer Scrooge before. Grumpy old man who has lost all of his christmas spirit. And cares about nothing and none else then his money. Ah yes I know I know does not sound very merry or jolly right? Well that’s just it! How does this story lead up to the Christmas cheer we all expect and desire for that my fine fellow you will just have to keep your ears and eyes open and continue reading!

Oh goodie you have continued on this wondrous adventure with me! What better way to start off than with the very first chapter. The book starts off with a melancholy begging that is not expected from a story that has Christmas in the title. I am talking about death. The title of Stave 1 is “Marley’s Dead”. The first sentence was “Marley is dead: to begin with” “ There no doubt whatever about that” To describe Marley and his death Scrooge used the very popular term “Old Marley was as dead as a doornail”. Little did poor old Scrooge know that he was gone in the site of the living people. But that really he was roaming around the earth serving all his so called sins that he did while still in life but not being able to go back and fix them. And very little did he know that on that very night he would be paid a visit by Marley’s spirit in itself. Marley’s intention was on the one night he had to be seen by those living once again was to warn Scrooge. About how life after death has been for him on the path that Scrooge himself is on. And last but definitely not least telling Scrooge he still has time to change and escape the future that he was not able to. He also comes to warn him about the 3 Spirits that would come to pay him a visit. Which were the ghost of Christmas past,present, and future. During Stave 1 the ghost of Christmas past played Scrooge a visit. He took Scrooge back to christmas as a child. And one of the most important events took him back to when his sister came to get him from school. In which he realized how bad of an uncle he had been to his nephew Fred.

In stave two, Scrooge has already started to want to change his actions. He just has not done so yet. In stave 2 Scrooge is once again visited this time by the ghost of christmas present. The ghost would come to revile many thing of the christmas just a few days away. He was reviled to himself as always melancholy, anti social, and lonely. He also got to experience and see a part of the Cratchit Family he yet to know about. For example he had children. And not just one many. Then he got to meet the youngest of the Cratchits. Tiny Tim, Tiny Tim was the youngest in the family. And had a very serious illness. And was soon expected to die. He also got to see how his nephew’s Fred party would be without him. Once again he was starting to repeal from his prior actions. He got to once again see his family and how they would comment over “poor old Scrooge”. He also saw the charity worker he had formally rejected and what he was doing to help the people. He also got a chance to see the poor people he had earlier on wished death upon (“ then they should die and decrease the surplus population”) and how they were trying to be happy with the little that they had. “ But frankly hey rather die than live there” “ We haven’t got much but with this it should do.” This shows how all people were just trying to make the best of what they had. And rappelling Scrooge’s actions therefore making him disappointed in himself and they had no idea about it what they were doing and how they were helping Scrooge in his change.

In stave three the ghost of Christmas present continue his mission. Which is to show Scrooge what Christmas will be like in a couple of days. And to make him feel guilty. He has laid eyes upon all the poor folk and ask the ghost if they will please be spared. And the ghost hit him back with a taste of his own medicine using what Scrooge himself had said in stave one. Which was “ then they should die and decrease the surplus population”. Those words hit Scrooge very strongly and changed his perspective of being and really made him feel bad about his prior statement. He now had wanted to apologize to all those poor folk who had been very insulted by his prior sayings he no longer knew what to do but hoped that when he once again opened his eyes and wake that he would be able to make up for all his wrong doings.

In stave 4 we have started to come to and end. Or starting to see the light at the end of the tunnel. Scrooge awakens once more. And for the last time wakes up to another ghost awaiting him. In this case it was the ghost of Christmas yet to come. The ghost was not really a man of words as the other 2 had certainly been. He just did what was asked of him. Cut to the point and did not mingle whatsoever. He started off by showing Scrooge a dead body that resembles with extreme detail his bedroom and bed. Although he had not wanted to believe the possibilities of that dead body being him. Then the ghost tried to give poor Scrooge another hint with a couple of men standing outside a big what sounded to be office like building saying “ well this funeral ought to be small for which I can’t see anyone who would like to attend it”. He still did not want to catch on to the situation. The hint that really gave it away was his old maid stealing all his bed sheets, pillows, curtains etc. He really did not want to face the final straw that would make sure of it being him the body that now lay in the ground motionless. But cold hearted as always. He was brought his most unwanted place his tombstone! Which had said “ Ebenezer Scrooge, Birth date February 7th, Death date December 25”! “ NO NO this is not possible” he pleaded. He laid on his knees asking the ghost for mercy the ghost said nothing.

In stave 5 we draw the final slab of the story. Instantly he woke up in happiness and woke up determined to be a better Scrooge. He started doing so by buying the Cratchits a turkey. He donated a lot to Charity. Helped out the poor. And most importantly. Helped save Tiny Tim . To who in Mr.Dickens words “ Became like a second father.”

To wrap everything up, I will give my general opinion over the book, ratings and recommendations. My personal opinion is that is turned out to be very nice book with a fantastic moral. And inspiring ways of writing. My Rating for this book grade wise is 7th grade and up. So the students will really be able to understand the message the story is trying to bring to its fellow readers. For age 12+ because once again the students will understand the moral much clearer. Would I recommend this book of course! I would do so because I think in can teach children maral, begins, love, and most of all hope.

Ebenezer Scrooge in “A Christmas Carol”

In the novella, A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens, the main character, Ebenezer Scrooge is a tight-fisted, crotchety pessimist who despises everything that is Christmas. He has little patience or understanding of those who value human connection and the spirit of giving, over idolizing money and financial status. With a permanent scowl on his face and a harsh biting tone, Scrooge chases away a young boy caroling outside his workplace and even chastises his demure employee Bob Cratchit, suggesting that he was scamming him out of money because Cratchit wants to spend Christmas with his family.

Despite this miserly disposition, however, Scrooge rediscovers the value of love and human connection after enlightening visits from three ghosts of Christmas past, present and future.

Through hardships in his life, including being forgotten by his father at a boarding school during his youth, Scrooge has grown a hard-outer shell that appraises the worthiness of one’s life based solely upon their financial security. This personal philosophy comes in direct conflict with the joy and good cheer of Christmas. After his young enthusiastic nephew, Fred, pays his uncle a visit at his counting house to extend an invitation to Christmas dinner, Scrooge is clearly annoyed by this exuberance. Every idiot who goes about with a ‘Merry Christmas’ on his lips, should be boiled with his own pudding, and buried with a stake of holly through his heart. He should. (1.4) The descriptive nature of Scrooge’s words portray just how disengaged his thought processes are when surrounded by kindness and warmth. He shuts people out by lashing out with scathing words ending any further conversation on the matter. This demeanor is further exemplified when Scrooge is asked to give a donation to help the poor enjoy a nice Christmas meal. The destitute personify weakness and ineptitude to Scrooge. The solicitors are new to the area and clearly have no idea with whom they are speaking. First Scrooge suggests that the prison system and workhouses are fine institutions where the poor can find a meal. He followed this proclamation with the remark, If they would rather die, they had better do it, and decrease the surplus population.(1.6)

Through his journey with the ghost of Christmas past, Scrooge relives moments of his childhood. He fondly recalls his little sister Fran and the special bond the two shared. Although he mourns her untimely death, he is reminded that she lives on through her only child, Fred. And it is to Fred’s home that the ghost then visits with Scrooge. Here they witness a group of friends dancing, laughing, and bonding with each other. Scrooge subtly taps his foot along to the music and even asks the ghosts to stay a bit longer. Yet it is at the home of Bob Cratchit where Scrooge makes a discovery that perpetuates his transformation. Although Cratchit has been employed for years by Marley and Scrooge, Scrooge realizes that he never knew that one of his children, Tim, was crippled. Scrooge seems to be sincerely concerned for the young Cratchit’s wellbeing. Spirit, said Scrooge, with an interest he had never felt before, tell me if Tiny Tim will live.(3.29) This shows a level of care and empathy that Scrooge had not demonstrated thus far in the novella.

Nevertheless, after all three ghosts have paid their visit, Scrooge’s desire to seek redemption is clear. He does not want to be bound in chains by his past regressions. He went to church, and walked about the streets, and watched the people. Hurrying to and fro, and patted children on the head, and questioned the beggars, and looked down into the kitchens of houses, and up to the windows and found that everything could yield him pleasure. He had never dreamed that any walk- that anything- could give him so much happiness. In the afternoon he turned his steps towards his nephew’s house. (5.48) Now, Ebenezer Scrooge is actively trying to connect with those around him. He is patting the children on the head, not chasing them off with a ruler. Instead of being disgusted by, he is engaging, the beggars in conversation. Scrooge has morphed into a man who has a new lease on life and plans on doing good with what he has to offer.

The transformation of Ebenezer Scrooge evolves after he is visited by three ghosts who help him to remember his past, reflect on his present situation, and make restitution and change so as change his future. This story of redemption is a wonderful message to us all, not only at Christmas time but throughout the entire year. We can be hopeful that it is never too late to change and to value what is truly important in one’s life, the people that we love.

A Christmas Carol: Scrooge and Marley

Act 1 Can your past life affect your present life? In the film of ‘A Christmas Carol’ Scrooge visited his past life and it affected his present. The film has a written script called the play. There are many similarities between the movie and the play but also differences.

Some similarities and differences between ‘A Christmas Carol’ are characters, setting, and strengths and limitations. One similarity and difference between the film and the play of ‘A Christmas Carol’ is the characters. Another similarity and difference of the film and play of ‘A Christmas Carol’ is the setting. The strengths and Limitations of the film and play of ‘A Christmas Carol’ had many pros and cons. One reason that the play and the film of ‘A Christmas Carol’ had similarities and differences is the characters. One similarity that the film and the play had was the attitude of Ebenezer Scrooge. The played told us Ebenezer Scrooge character traits as gloomy, miser, grumpy, etc. The film and the play showed that Scrooge was a miser and grumpy. This had an impact on the reader/listener because this shows that Scrooge wasn’t the nicest person to talk to or the person you would hang out with. In both the film and the play Scrooge said things that made him a miser, grumpy, etc. For example, when the nephew invited Scrooge over for dinner, Scrooge replied, I’d rather see myself dead than see myself with you family! However, in the play it identified Scrooge as these things through Jacob Marley. In beginning of they play it started with a monologue with Jacob Marley defining Scrooge’s character traits. One difference is in the film it does not start like that. You had to identify Scrooge attitude/character traits by watching the film. One way to identify Scrooge’s character traits is that he didn’t talk as much, he wore all black, etc. Another example, is how the play and the film described Jacob Marley. One similarity is that both, the film and the play, had Marley, a ghost, who had to wear a long chain because of his past life with Ebenezer.

One differences was that in the play it described Marley as Scrooge’s partner that acted the same way as young Scrooge. It also described Marley as obsess with Scrooge. It shows this in scene 1 Marley said, Scrooge was my sole executor, my sole administrator, my sole assign In the film, Jacob acted like he was innocent and Scrooge made him the way he was. This proves that the character development is different in the play than in the film of the movie ‘A Christmas Carol: Scrooge and Marley Act 1’. These similarities and differences described the main characters in the play and the film of ‘A Christmas Carol’. Another analogy and opposition between the play and the film of ‘A Christmas Carol’ is the setting. In both the play and the film it started with a sadder feel. They both gives reasons that Scrooge is living a miserable life. In the play, it started at Scrooge’s shop called ‘Scrooge and Marley’s’. Inside the shop it’s Scrooge and his clerk Cratchit. The shop is cold because it’s the winter and Scrooge doesn’t turn on the heat.

When Cratchit tried to heat himself up, Scrooge told him this. What are you doing Cratchit? Acting cold, are you? and Scrooge continued with Well, save your breath, Cratchit! Unless you’re prepared yourself to find employ elsewhere! This gives the reader an idea about Scrooge’s attitude. For example, it can give the reader an idea that since the environment Scrooge be in, it can translate to his attitude. In the film, the setting started at Marley’s funeral. This gives the reader/listener a feel and environment of the movie. Scrooge really didn’t say much at the funeral. He wore all black, and he creeped people out because he didn’t say anything. This shows that the setting is developed different in the play of the movie than in the film version of it. He developed different settings, but still gave off the same feel and mood of the story. The strengths and Limitations of the play and film of ‘A Christmas Carol’ is the pros and cons. The pros on the play was the stage directions, the monologue Jacob Marley gave about Scrooge, and dialogue. The stage directions helped the readers know what was going on in the play, was the characters did, etc. They helped on what the was going on in the play because they gave us details on the play. For example, ghostly music in auditorium.

A single spotlight on Jacob Marley This gives virtualization of the scene. The monologue really helped the scene too. It gave character traits and expectation of Scrooge. The cons of the play was that it really couldn’t understand some characters. For example, it really didn’t describe Jacob Marley. They never gave us details on him. Some details it could’ve gave us was how did he die, what kind of an impact did he have on Scrooge, etc. The pros of the film was that it virtualize Scrooge’s mood, it had a great setting, etc. It virtualize Scrooge’s mood by what he was saying and what he was doing to his face. Scrooge wasn’t talking much. He only would talk if someone talked to him. He wore all black to the funeral that kinda creeped people out. He always frowned up his face that made him look mad all the time. It had a great setting because it started at the funeral. This gave questions like what happened at Marley’s funeral? This setting really impact the mood of Scrooge.

The cons of the film was that it didn’t include the relationship of Scrooge and Marley. This could’ve gave the watchers an idea of how close Scrooge and Marley was and what kind of an impact Marley’s death had on Scrooge. In conclusion, even through the play and the film of ‘A Christmas Carol’ had many similarities and differences, they both was a from of entertainment. More people should check the book and the film version of ‘A Christmas Carol’ out because it is very entertaining to read/watch. One correlation and unlikeness was the characters. Another analogy and opposition was the setting. Some strengths and limitations of ‘A Christmas Carol’ was the pros and cons. More people should check the play and the film versions of it out because it’s interesting to read/watch.

A Christmas Carol Movie Adaptation

Can your past life affect your present life? In the film of ‘A Christmas Carol’ Scrooge visited his past life and it affected his present. The film has a written script called the play. There are many similarities between the movie and the play but also differences.

Some similarities and differences between ‘A Christmas Carol’ are characters, setting, and strengths and limitations. One similarity and difference between the film and the play of ‘A Christmas Carol’ is the characters. Another similarity and difference of the film and play of ‘A Christmas Carol’ is the setting. The strengths and Limitations of the film and play of ‘A Christmas Carol’ had many pros and cons. One reason that the play and the film of ‘A Christmas Carol’ had similarities and differences is the characters. One similarity that the film and the play had was the attitude of Ebenezer Scrooge. The played told us Ebenezer Scrooge character traits as gloomy, miser, grumpy, etc. The film and the play showed that Scrooge was a miser and grumpy. This had an impact on the reader/listener because this shows that Scrooge wasn’t the nicest person to talk to or the person you would hang out with. In both the film and the play Scrooge said things that made him a miser, grumpy, etc.

For example, when the nephew invited Scrooge over for dinner, Scrooge replied, I’d rather see myself dead than see myself with you family! However, in the play it identified Scrooge as these things through Jacob Marley. In beginning of they play it started with a monologue with Jacob Marley defining Scrooge’s character traits. One difference is in the film it does not start like that. You had to identify Scrooge attitude/character traits by watching the film. One way to identify Scrooge’s character traits is that he didn’t talk as much, he wore all black, etc. Another example, is how the play and the film described Jacob Marley. One similarity is that both, the film and the play, had Marley, a ghost, who had to wear a long chain because of his past life with Ebenezer. One differences was that in the play it described Marley as Scrooge’s partner that acted the same way as young Scrooge. It also described Marley as obsess with Scrooge. It shows this in scene 1 Marley said, Scrooge was my sole executor, my sole administrator, my sole assign In the film, Jacob acted like he was innocent and Scrooge made him the way he was. This proves that the character development is different in the play than in the film of the movie ‘A Christmas Carol: Scrooge and Marley Act 1’. These similarities and differences described the main characters in the play and the film of ‘A Christmas Carol’. Another analogy and opposition between the play and the film of ‘A Christmas Carol’ is the setting. In both the play and the film it started with a sadder feel. They both gives reasons that Scrooge is living a miserable life. In the play, it started at Scrooge’s shop called ‘Scrooge and Marley’s’.

Inside the shop it’s Scrooge and his clerk Cratchit. The shop is cold because it’s the winter and Scrooge doesn’t turn on the heat. When Cratchit tried to heat himself up, Scrooge told him this. What are you doing Cratchit? Acting cold, are you? and Scrooge continued with Well, save your breath, Cratchit! Unless you’re prepared yourself to find employ elsewhere! This gives the reader an idea about Scrooge’s attitude. For example, it can give the reader an idea that since the environment Scrooge be in, it can translate to his attitude. In the film, the setting started at Marley’s funeral. This gives the reader/listener a feel and environment of the movie. Scrooge really didn’t say much at the funeral. He wore all black, and he creeped people out because he didn’t say anything. This shows that the setting is developed different in the play of the movie than in the film version of it. He developed different settings, but still gave off the same feel and mood of the story. The strengths and Limitations of the play and film of ‘A Christmas Carol’ is the pros and cons. The pros on the play was the stage directions, the monologue Jacob Marley gave about Scrooge, and dialogue. The stage directions helped the readers know what was going on in the play, was the characters did, etc. They helped on what the was going on in the play because they gave us details on the play.

For example, ghostly music in auditorium. A single spotlight on Jacob Marley This gives virtualization of the scene. The monologue really helped the scene too. It gave character traits and expectation of Scrooge. The cons of the play was that it really couldn’t understand some characters. For example, it really didn’t describe Jacob Marley. They never gave us details on him. Some details it could’ve gave us was how did he die, what kind of an impact did he have on Scrooge, etc. The pros of the film was that it virtualize Scrooge’s mood, it had a great setting, etc. It virtualize Scrooge’s mood by what he was saying and what he was doing to his face. Scrooge wasn’t talking much. He only would talk if someone talked to him. He wore all black to the funeral that kinda creeped people out. He always frowned up his face that made him look mad all the time. It had a great setting because it started at the funeral. This gave questions like what happened at Marley’s funeral? This setting really impact the mood of Scrooge.

The cons of the film was that it didn’t include the relationship of Scrooge and Marley. This could’ve gave the watchers an idea of how close Scrooge and Marley was and what kind of an impact Marley’s death had on Scrooge. In conclusion, even through the play and the film of ‘A Christmas Carol’ had many similarities and differences, they both was a from of entertainment. More people should check the book and the film version of ‘A Christmas Carol’ out because it is very entertaining to read/watch. One correlation and unlikeness was the characters. Another analogy and opposition was the setting. Some strengths and limitations of ‘A Christmas Carol’ was the pros and cons. More people should check the play and the film versions of it out because it’s interesting to read/watch.

The Impact of Dickens’ “Christmas Carol” on Society

A Christmas Carol was written in 1843, and it touched readers’ hearts then and continues to do so today, although now it is not just through the written word but through stage and film adaptations, audio versions via CD and radio. Many people know the story of how a miserable man – Scrooge – who did not have any feelings of humanity or kindness towards others was shown the error of his ways by the Ghosts of Christmas and by the end of the story not only is filled with the spirit of Christmas Goodwill but became a better human being altogether.

First of all let’s start with a Trivial pursuit question! How many ghosts are there in A Christmas Carol? Most people answer three: The Ghosts of Christmas past, Christmas present and Christmas future/yet to come. However the ‘official’ answer in quizzes is four – including Marley of course. But when Marley leaves and Scrooge looks out of the window he sees many ‘spectres’ outside. And don’t forget the ghostly hearse going up the stairs as Scrooge enters his house!

Although nowadays we think of a ‘carol’ as being a Christmas song, the definition of the word is a song of joy or praise. So the title A Christmas Carol must signify a joyful song about Christmas or the Christmas ideal. By the end of the story this certainly becomes true. The ‘Carol’ imagery is carried on throughout the story, with staves used instead of chapter headings. This was definately an interesting/unusual literary device for the time. [Something that Dickens’ friend Wilkie Collins – and other authors in other ways – would later do in a different way by laying out one of his novels like a play in ‘Acts’] But almost revolutionary for an author like Dickens to do this in 1843.

Let’s look at the three Christmas Ghosts a little more closely:

  • The Ghost of Christmas Past
  • Sounds somewhat like a candle which at the end their ‘trip’ together Scrooge snuffs out. It was a Christmas custom to light a candle on Christmas eve. This Spirit shows the reader the reason for Scrooge’s actions but does not excuse him

  • The Ghost of Christmas Present
  • A representation of Father Christmas*. Victorian Father Christmases were dressed in any colour robes. This ghost shows Scrooge what he is missing by his actions but also offers a warning in the shape of the two children: Ignorance and WantDickens’ warning about the effects of the squalid conditions of the Industrial Revolution and exploitation of labour could have on the very poor

  • The Ghost of Christmas Future
  • An awful warning and also reminiscent of Old Father Time. And in fact he foretells Scrooge’s unmourned and lonely death unless he mends his ways.

There are a lot of Dickens’ autobiographical details in the story. Because the young Dickens experienced so much hardship and poverty during his early life, his writing about social inequalities is often based on his own past. It could be that the Cratchit’s house is modelled on the small house at 16 Bayham Street in Camden Town where Dickens lived at the age of ten and the six Cratchit children mirror Dickens’ brothers and sisters – Tiny Tim may be based on Dickens’ youngest, poorly brother who was known as Tiny Fred’. Dickens was a pupil at Wellington House Academy, Hampstead Road, London which may be the model for the school Scrooge went to. It is set in

a little market-town . . . with the bridge, its church, and winding river.

Johnson in About ‘A Christmas Carol’ (Dickensian 1931) identifies this description as referring to Strood, Rochester, and the river Medway, where Dickens spent part of his childhood. Johnson also noted that Dickens erased the word castle from the original manuscript, an apparent reference to Rochester Castle. [Michael Patrick Hearn, The Annotated Christmas Carol, 88] Like Scrooge, Dickens had a sister called Fan[ny]

The women in A Christmas Carol are unusual for Dickens, who often had a ‘silly’ woman in his novels who probably represented his mother, Elizabeth Dickensthink of Mrs Nickleby, Dora Copperfield, Bleak House etc although these are often balanced by a strong woman like Agnes Copperfield, Betsy Trotwood etc. But in A Christmas Carol the woman are quite pro-active: Fan, Belle, Mrs Cratchit all speak up for themselves. Even the laundress and the cleaning women have a certain something! Victorian readers would have picked up ‘hints’ about the ‘interesting condition’ of Mrs Fred:

‘Scrooge’s niece was not one of the blind“man’s buff party, but was made comfortable with a large chair and a footstool’

and ‘Dear heart alive, how his niece by marriage started. Scrooge had forgotten, for the moment, about her sitting in the corner with the footstool, or he wouldn’t have done it, on any account.’

The children in A Christmas Carol are more typical of the ‘Dickens’ type of child’, although like Rose in Oliver Twist, Tiny Tim does not die. However Tim is like many ‘too good to be true’ children in Dickens novels who do usually die: Paul Dombey, Little Nell. Tim is rather like Oliver Twist in that he seems to have an almost angelic streak. Dickens is playing up to the Victorian ‘ideal’ that children were born good or bad, and Timagain like Oliver Twist and Paul Dombeyseems to have been born able to spout words of pious wisdom!

Bear with me here, because I am going to talk about another little quirk of mine: Evidence of Time Travel in the story! The chronology of the story does not ‘work’ if we try to be sensible! Scrooge and Marley don’t part until 2 o’clock on Christmas morning and the first Ghost is not ‘due’ until one o’clock the next day [Boxing Day], the second at one o’clock on the 27th and the third at midnight on the 28th. Scrooge does say

‘Couldn’t I take ’em all at once, and have it over, Jacob?’ hinted Scrooge

However Scrooge awakens at two o’clock and then at all the other times and finally awakes on Christmas morning, crying

‘It’s Christmas Day!’ said Scrooge to himself. ‘I haven’t missed it! The Spirits have done it all in one night. They can do anything they like.’

Another ‘hint’ for time travel: When the Ghost of Christmas past takes Scrooge to see himself as a child at school we read:

The panels shrunk, the windows cracked; fragments of plaster fell

This is the sort of ‘effect’ which suggests the image of ‘unbuilding’ of the apartment which surrounds Scrooge, taking it back in time in fact. This effect has been used in other novels and films, particularly by H. G. Wells in The Time Machine (1895) and in film versions of that book.

Scrooge in A Christmas Carol

A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens is the story of Scrooge, a rich man who runs a counting house in Victorian England. Scrooge was very greedy, unkind, and lonely. On Christmas Eve, Scrooge is visited by three ghosts who show Scrooge his past, present, and future to convince him to change as a person. The ghosts are described in great detail and full of symbolism. The appearance of the Ghosts of Christmas Past, Present, and Future reflect thematic messages Dickens had about mankind.

The Ghost of Christmas Past’s constantly changing appearance and bright light represent the qualities of memory. The constantly changing appearance of the Ghost of Christmas Past represents how memories of the past can change. On Christmas Eve, The Ghost of Christmas Past visits Scrooge to show him his past. Scrooge notices the Ghost’s appearance is constantly changing. For as its belt sparkled and glittered now in one part and now in another, and what was light one instant, at another time was dark, so the figure itself fluctuated in its distinctness. (Dickens) Similar to memory, the Ghost of Christmas Past is always changing. People remember events in their past differently. Memories can be remembered clearly or be locked away. The bright light coming from the Ghost of Christmas Past’s head represents how memories can reveal a truth. After the Ghost reveals Scrooge’s past, Scrooge tries to extinguish the light from the Ghost’s head using the Ghost’s cap. Scrooge observed that its light was burning high and bright, and dimly connecting that with its influence over him, he seized the extinguisher-cap, and by a sudden action pressed it down upon its head. (Dickens) By viewing his past, Scrooge is shown the light or truth about how greed destroyed his life. Dickens’s message is that reflecting on our memories can reveal a truth about our life. This truth can be used to improve our lives or be ignored, like Scrooge chose to by trying to extinguish the ghost’s light. The Ghost of Christmas Past’s appearance represents qualities of memory including how memories of the past can change and how memories can reveal a truth.

The two children under the Ghost of Christmas Present’s robe, Ignorance and Want, represent two qualities that destroy a person and society. On Christmas Eve, the Ghost of Christmas Present shows Scrooge two hideous children hiding under his robe. Scrooge asks the Ghosts who the children belong to. The Ghost proceeds to describe them. ‘They are Man’s’, said the Spirit, looking down upon them. This boy is Ignorance. This girl is Want. Beware of them both, and all of their degree, but most of all beware this boy, for on his brow I see written which is Doom(Dickens). The two children, Ignorance and Want, are physical representations of human sins. By describing Ignorance with Doom written on his forehead, Dickens is warning the reader on how ignorance can destroy a person. Dickens portrays Ignorance and Want as children to provide commentary on how his own society’s ignorance and want affects children. Dickens is arguing that people in Victorian England are ignorant of how work and living conditions affect children due to their obsession with money. Dickens describes the appearance of Ignorance and Want to show how these qualities affect mankind. They were a boy and girl. Yellow, meagre, ragged, scowling, wolfish; but prostrate, too, in their humility. (Dickens) Ignorance and Want are described as hideous and evil. The children show what people become after they are transformed by ignorance and want. People become hideous, greedy monsters. The two children, Ignorance and Want, represent two human sins that can destroy a person and society.

The hidden appearance and terrifying presence of the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come represents how the future is mysterious and frightening. On Christmas Eve, the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come visits Scrooge to show him his future. The Ghost’s appearance is hidden by a black cloak. It was shrouded in a deep black garment, which concealed its head, its face, its form, and left nothing of it visible save one outstretched hand . (Dickens) The Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come is the embodiment of the future. Since the appearance of the ghost is unknown, Dickens’s message is that the future is mysterious. The Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come also has a terrifying presence. Scrooge is very frightened by the Ghost. Although well used to ghostly company by this time, Scrooge feared the silent shape so much that his legs trembled beneath him, and he found that he could hardly stand when he prepared to follow it. (Dickens) Scrooge is afraid of the Ghost because he is worried about the future it will show him. Dickens’s message is that the future is terrifying. Since the future is so mysterious, people are afraid about what will happen in the future. The hidden appearance and terrifying presence of the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come represents how the future is mysterious and frightening.

The appearance of the Ghosts of Christmas Past, Present, and Future reflect thematic messages Dickens had about mankind. The Ghost of Christmas Past’s appearance represents the qualities of memory. The two children under the Ghost of Christmas Present’s robe, Ignorance and Want, represent two qualities that destroy a person and society. The Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come’s appearance represents qualities of the future. The Ghosts are not just characters that help Scrooge change. By analyzing the Ghosts’ appearances, the reader can find Dickens’s ideas and views on the past, present, future, and his own society.

Work Cited

Dickens, Charles. A Christmas Carol. Tom Doherty Associates, LLC, 1990.

The History Of Christmas Carols

My paper is about The History Of Christmas Carols.To me when I think about Christmas carols I think of people going door to door singing in front of peoples houses just for fun.Sometimes it’s different, what I mean by that is people may do other stuff or it may mean something else to them. it could be a tradition or something, but i doubt it because not many people do it where i’m from. I highly believe nobody has done christmas caroling in years.

By years I mean 20 to 30 or more, That’s just my personal opinion I could be wrong.

Thousands of years ago carols were first sung in Europe,Many people called them christmas carols,but they were actually pagan songs.These songs were performed at Winter Solstice Celebrations. Back then Carols meant dance or a song of praise and joy!. Till this day it probably has the same meaning. Anyway’s During all four seasons: Summer,Winter,Spring,and Fall Carols we continuously written and sung. Till this Day the only tradition from thousands of years ago that survived and still is surviving is singing carols at christmas, which is very popular and always has been.

In the 1200’s which was by the time of the middle ages, A lot of people lost interest in celebrating christmas all together. It mainly started in 1647, that’s when everything stopped. Nobody was no longer interested in it,they lost their christmas spirit. But why? Before everybody lost their interest Early christians took over the pagan Solstice celebrations for christmas and gave people christian songs to sing instead of pagan ones. Some more evidence I gathered was Europe started to write christmas carols. However, not many people liked them as they were all written and sung in Latin, a language that normal people couldn’t understand.

Christmas has been popular for many years and Carols have been to. As years passed by people slowly started disliking the Christmas Carols because early Christians took the carols and turned them into pagan songs, which was in a language nobody knew at all. All of this started to make people dislike Christmas Carols and even celebrate both christmas and the Carols which was the bad part. Also, at this time, many orchestras and choirs were being set up in the cities and England and people wanted Christmas songs to sing, so Carols once again became popular. Once Christmas Carols were back popular many new Carols were written. Everything was back to how it use to be, writing and singing Christmas Carols, and celebrating it all together.

There are different types of christmas Carols,what I mean by that is people celebrate it as different things such as: The history of carols, this is when you sit down with your family and they tell you a lot of things from way back in the day and tell them important stuff about christmas carols and how it came about. It’s basically a nice family gathering telling interesting stories nobody probably knew, so when they grow up they can tell their kids and make it a tradition. The next one is Some Stories behind Carols this one is basically telling you different Carols such as: I Saw Three Ships, Good King Wenceslas, Silent night, and The 12 Days of Christmas. You may know some of these songs because they are very well known. Now the last one that is also celebrated as a different type of Christmas Carols is Christmas Karaoke, this is when you sing a song off of a screen with the words on it in front of a lot of people. It’s kind of like a concert,but your singing all different types of Christmas Carols . This is all my research about The History Of Christmas Carols, i worked pretty hard even though it was a struggle,but I got to it and tried my best.

A Christmas Carol: Facts, Inferences and Themes

Contents

  • 1 Facts:
  • 2 Inferences:
  • 3 Themes:

Facts:

Scrooge doesn’t know why Fred is happy when he’s poor. Scrooge sees good as referring solely to profits. For characters like Fred and Bob Cratchit, Christmas represents the ideal of goodness and moral prosperity, but Scrooge is at his most miserly when Christmas is mentioned.

Even though Scrooge constantly acts up, Fred still invites him to his house. If Scrooge allowed himself to feel happy once in a while he would be happy. But he does not. Scrooge’s mainly economic view on Christmas causes him to reject it and the people around him trying to help him.

Fan is important to Scrooge. Fan is an important character in Scrooge’s past. Fan represented an idol to Scrooge, someone he loved his entire life, she was one of the reasons his childhood shone, and stood out in contrast to the present. She was the reason that Scrooge had an equal balance of sad to happy times in his young life. Even as an adult man, Scrooge went back to his old habits more similarly to his school, but now he has accepted and chooses loneliness and family. Fan eventually tells Scrooge that she is taking him home. “Home, for good, “she says happily. She says,” their father is kinder now and has asked for his son to be brought home to become a man and never return to the schoolroom.”

Inferences:

Scrooge is annoyed by happiness and marriage because his fiancee Belle left him around Christmas. Throughout the story Scrooge shows how he is annoyed by Christmas in many ways, and one of the most important ones is when his own family member, Fred, is introduced in the book. Although he is his nephew, Scrooge still shows no sympathy nor connection to him, one of his own family members. Scrooge’s choice to do this show how even he, a man rich enough to never have to work the rest of his life, still isn’t rich in happiness and neglects the only family he has left since his sister died. His annoyance with his nephew can also be thought of in a bigger picture as his hate for Christmas which may have all started with the loss of his fiancee Belle.

Scrooge didn’t want to see the truth of the situation which the ghost of Christmas past was showing him. The ghost of Christmas past was showing Scrooge happier memories like when Scrooge’s sister, Fan, announces that she is taking him home. Home, for good, she says happily. She says that their father is kinder now and has asked for his son to be brought home to become a man and never return to the schoolroom. And also when Mr. and Mrs. Fezziwig take to the floor. Once the party had finished Scrooge went straight to bed with his co apprentice Dick. Scrooge was watching the party carry on. It shows that something so little can give someone all the joy in the world. The ghost of Christmas past then shows Scrooge how he changed from someone who loved Christmas to someone who hated it. The arrival of the husband-figure with Belle and the gossip about the old flame Scrooge made it clear to what he was missing out on. Scrooge’s reaction to the ghost of Christmas present was a combination of him being annoyed, and him hiding from the truth eventually this caused him to slam the extinguisher cap down on the ghost’s head. The ghost of christmas past was trying to shed light on the situation by showing Scrooge Belle’s past.

Themes:

Gratitude is able to remember the past, make sense of the present, and decide the future. Three ghosts appear to show and tell Scrooge the consequences of his actions and behavior. The three ghosts throughout the story represent the past, present, and future, all beckoning him to make better choices throughout his life. They all try to teach him to appreciate and show gratitude towards everything you have. With the first two ghost Scrooge doesn’t show any change in his ways. However, throughout the course of his journey with the third ghost he begins to repent, and his future begins to change. Over the course of the book, the idea of it being based off of the past, the present, and the future is shown: First, the change in Scrooge’s personality is tremendous after not even giving the idea of Christmas a chance in the beginning to completely embracing and accepting it by the end. And second, the idea that even though one may not enjoy Christmas, everyone has their own way of celebrating it, there is Scrooge whenever he counts his money, and there are the rest of the characters who all enjoy and celebrate. Dickens writes about the Ghost of Christmas Past bringing Scrooge to a lighthouse where two men around a campfire, surrounded by the ocean were still able to celebrate Christmas even in their dire situation.

In life, we must appreciate the people around us before they are gone. The goal of the story had been to depict an image of how dreary and bleak the setting had been. The idea of Christmas had kept everyone happy and motivated, but with people dying very frequently, the time was made very unhappy. This is similar to the idea that it is easier and takes less effort to be unhappy than happy, because when you are happy, you are putting more work into keeping yourself calm and collected. In this time period, people like Scrooge are the ones who are unhappy, because after all the losses they can’t hold themselves together. Some examples of the losses Scrooge experienced are his sister, Fan, who he had idolized his entire life, his fiancee Belle, who didn’t die, but left him , and finally his partner, Jacob Marley, who had no one else to show up to his funeral than a loosely connected co-worker (Scrooge). At the time however, Scrooge had another family member left, the son of his dead sister, Fred. Over the years, Scrooge had not even attempted to make contact with Fred. Fred had been trying to share some of the Christmas spirit with his uncle, but he still rejected Fred’s intentions to reconnect with his last family member.

A Christmas Carol Analysis

Contents

  • 1 Facts:
  • 2 Inferences:
  • 3 Themes:

Facts:

Scrooge doesn’t know why Fred is happy when he’s poor. Scrooge sees good as referring solely to profits. For characters like Fred and Bob Cratchit, Christmas represents the ideal of goodness and moral prosperity, but Scrooge is at his most miserly when Christmas is mentioned.

Even though Scrooge constantly acts up, Fred still invites him to his house. If Scrooge allowed himself to feel happy once in a while he would be happy. But he does not. Scrooge’s mainly economic view on Christmas causes him to reject it and the people around him trying to help him.

Fan is important to Scrooge. Fan is an important character in Scrooge’s past. Fan represented an idol to Scrooge, someone he loved his entire life, she was one of the reasons his childhood shone, and stood out in contrast to the present. She was the reason that Scrooge had an equal balance of sad to happy times in his young life. Even as an adult man, Scrooge went back to his old habits more similarly to his school, but now he has accepted and chooses loneliness and family. Fan eventually tells Scrooge that she is taking him home. “Home, for good, “she says happily. She says,” their father is kinder now and has asked for his son to be brought home to become a man and never return to the schoolroom.”

Inferences:

Scrooge is annoyed by happiness and marriage because his fiancee Belle left him around Christmas. Throughout the story Scrooge shows how he is annoyed by Christmas in many ways, and one of the most important ones is when his own family member, Fred, is introduced in the book. Although he is his nephew, Scrooge still shows no sympathy nor connection to him, one of his own family members. Scrooge’s choice to do this show how even he, a man rich enough to never have to work the rest of his life, still isn’t rich in happiness and neglects the only family he has left since his sister died. His annoyance with his nephew can also be thought of in a bigger picture as his hate for Christmas which may have all started with the loss of his fiancee Belle.

Scrooge didn’t want to see the truth of the situation which the ghost of Christmas past was showing him. The ghost of Christmas past was showing Scrooge happier memories like when Scrooge’s sister, Fan, announces that she is taking him home. Home, for good, she says happily. She says that their father is kinder now and has asked for his son to be brought home to become a man and never return to the schoolroom. And also when Mr. and Mrs. Fezziwig take to the floor. Once the party had finished Scrooge went straight to bed with his co apprentice Dick. Scrooge was watching the party carry on. It shows that something so little can give someone all the joy in the world. The ghost of Christmas past then shows Scrooge how he changed from someone who loved Christmas to someone who hated it. The arrival of the husband-figure with Belle and the gossip about the old flame Scrooge made it clear to what he was missing out on. Scrooge’s reaction to the ghost of Christmas present was a combination of him being annoyed, and him hiding from the truth eventually this caused him to slam the extinguisher cap down on the ghost’s head. The ghost of christmas past was trying to shed light on the situation by showing Scrooge Belle’s past.

Themes:

Gratitude is able to remember the past, make sense of the present, and decide the future. Three ghosts appear to show and tell Scrooge the consequences of his actions and behavior. The three ghosts throughout the story represent the past, present, and future, all beckoning him to make better choices throughout his life. They all try to teach him to appreciate and show gratitude towards everything you have. With the first two ghost Scrooge doesn’t show any change in his ways. However, throughout the course of his journey with the third ghost he begins to repent, and his future begins to change. Over the course of the book, the idea of it being based off of the past, the present, and the future is shown: First, the change in Scrooge’s personality is tremendous after not even giving the idea of Christmas a chance in the beginning to completely embracing and accepting it by the end. And second, the idea that even though one may not enjoy Christmas, everyone has their own way of celebrating it, there is Scrooge whenever he counts his money, and there are the rest of the characters who all enjoy and celebrate. Dickens writes about the Ghost of Christmas Past bringing Scrooge to a lighthouse where two men around a campfire, surrounded by the ocean were still able to celebrate Christmas even in their dire situation.

In life, we must appreciate the people around us before they are gone. The goal of the story had been to depict an image of how dreary and bleak the setting had been. The idea of Christmas had kept everyone happy and motivated, but with people dying very frequently, the time was made very unhappy. This is similar to the idea that it is easier and takes less effort to be unhappy than happy, because when you are happy, you are putting more work into keeping yourself calm and collected. In this time period, people like Scrooge are the ones who are unhappy, because after all the losses they can’t hold themselves together. Some examples of the losses Scrooge experienced are his sister, Fan, who he had idolized his entire life, his fiancee Belle, who didn’t die, but left him , and finally his partner, Jacob Marley, who had no one else to show up to his funeral than a loosely connected co-worker (Scrooge). At the time however, Scrooge had another family member left, the son of his dead sister, Fred. Over the years, Scrooge had not even attempted to make contact with Fred. Fred had been trying to share some of the Christmas spirit with his uncle, but he still rejected Fred’s intentions to reconnect with his last family member.

The Personality of Scrooge in “A Christmas Carol”

Scrooge doesn’t know why Fred is happy when he’s poor. Scrooge sees good as referring solely to profits. Fred knows this, and counters that good means something else entirely.

For characters like Fred and Bob Cratchit, Christmas represents the ideal of goodness and moral prosperity, but Scrooge is at his most miserly when Christmas is mentioned. Despite Scrooge’s ill temper Fred generously and authentically invites him over. Scrooge could have family, if only he would allow himself to. But he does not. Scrooge’s mainly economic view on Christmas causes him to reject it and the people around him trying to help him.

Fan is important to Scrooge. Fan is an important character in Scrooge’s past. She represents the best of youth, innocence and goodness, and makes Scrooge’s childhood gleam compared to his cold, dark present. She shows that Scrooge has experienced both neglect and goodness in his young life, both cruelty and generosity. Also note that Scrooge’s present existence is not so different from that miserable world of his school,except that now, as an adult, he chooses to be alone. Fan eventually tells Scrooge that she is taking him home. Home, for good, she says happily. She says that their father is kinder now and has asked for his son to be brought home to become a man and never return to the schoolroom.

Inferences:

Scrooge is annoyed by happiness and marriage because his fiancee Belle left him around Christmas. Throughout the story Scrooge shows how he is annoyed by Christmas in many ways, and one of the most important ones is when his own family member, Fred, is introduced in the book. Although he is his nephew, Scrooge still shows no sympathy nor connection to him, one of his own family members. Scrooge’s choice to do this show how even he, a man rich enough to never have to work the rest of his life, still isn’t rich in happiness and neglects the only family he has left since his sister died. His annoyance with his nephew can also be thought of in a bigger picture as his hate for Christmas which may have all started with the loss of his fiancee Belle.

Scrooge didn’t want to see the truth of the situation which the ghost of christmas past was showing him. The ghost of christmas past was showing Scrooge happier memories like when Scrooge’s sister, Fan, announces that she is taking him home. Home, for good, she says happily. She says that their father is kinder now and has asked for his son to be brought home to become a man and never return to the schoolroom. And also when Mr. and Mrs. Fezziwig take to the floor. After the dancing they see their guests to the door, and Scrooge and Dick go to their beds. Scrooge has been watching this display in a frenzy of excitement. It shows that something so little can give someone all the joy in the world. The ghost of christmas past then shows Scrooge how he changed from someone who loved Christmas to someone who hated it. The arrival of the husband-figure with Belle and the gossip about the old flame Scrooge made it clear to what he was missing out on. Scrooge’s reaction is to shut it out and try to extinguish the ghost’s light. This light has shown him the truth and it disturbs him. he prefers his old darkness to this painful light. The ghost of christmas past was trying to shed light on the situation by showing Scrooge Belle’s past.

Themes:

Gratitude is able to remember the past, make sense of the present, and decide the future. Three ghosts appear to Scrooge to show him how he is living sinfully and what the consequences will be if he doesn’t choose to live a better life. The three ghosts throughout the story represent the past, present, and future, all beckoning him to make better choices throughout his life. They all try to teach him to appreciate and show gratitude towards everything you have. With the first two ghost Scrooge doesn’t show any change in his ways. However, throughout the course of his journey with the third ghost he begins to repent, and his future begins to change. Over the course of the book, the idea of it being based off of the past, the present, and the future is shown: First, the change in Scrooge’s personality is tremendous after not even giving the idea of Christmas a chance in the beginning to completely embracing and accepting it by the end. And second, the idea that even though one may not enjoy Christmas, everyone has their own way of celebrating it, there is Scrooge whenever he counts his money, and there are the rest of the characters who all enjoy and celebrate. Dickens writes about the Ghost of Christmas Past bringing Scrooge to a lighthouse where two men around a campfire, surrounded by the ocean were still able to celebrate Christmas even in their dire situation.